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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1959 AD

January

January 1: Castro leads Cuba to victory as Fulgencio Batista flees to Dom Rep
January 1: Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
January 1: Rohan Kanhai completes 256 vs. India at Calcutta
January 2: Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees
January 2: U.S.S.R. launches Mechta, Luna 1, for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
January 3: Alaska admitted as 49th U.S. state
January 4: Luna 1, Mechta, becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
January 5: "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV
January 5: Buddy Holly releases his last record "It Doesn't Matter"
January 7: U.S. recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government
January 8: Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as President of France's 5th Republic
January 9: Dam across Tera River collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die
January 9: Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St. Louis, to become NWA champ
January 9: "Rawhide" with Clint Eastwood premieres on CBS TV
January 11: Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
January 11: Hanif Mohammad completes 499 for Karachi, then 1st class world record
January 11: Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mayfair Golf Open
January 11: NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 28-21
January 12: KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
January 13: De Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 to Algerian death row convicts
January 13: King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
January 17: "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 332 performances
January 18: Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
January 20: Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki, premieres in Moscow
January 22: USAF concludes less than 1% of UFO's are unknown objects
January 24: Dmitri Shostakovich's comedy "Cheryomushk," premieres in Moscow
January 24: "Party with Comden and Green" closes at John Golden New York City after 38 performances
January 24: WHCT TV channel 18 in Hartford, CT (IND) begins broadcasting
January 25: 1st transcontinental coml jet flight (American) (LA to New York for $301)
January 25: Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council
January 26: Italy government of Fanfani resigns
January 26: KOKH TV channel 25 in Oklahoma City, OK (IND/PBS) begins broadcasting
January 28: Soviet Union wins 62-37 for 1st international basketball loss by US
January 29: Walt Disney's "Sleeping Beauty" released
January 30: Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test vs. England, Adelaide Oval
January 30: Paul Hindemith's symphony "Pittsburgh," premieres
January 31: Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL

February

February 1: Swiss males vote against voting rights for women
February 1: Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
February 1: U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
February 1: U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
February 1: Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Havana Golf Tournament
February 1: WVUE TV channel 8 in New Orleans, Louisiana (ABC) begins broadcasting
February 1: Zack Wheat unanimously elected to baseball Hall of Fame
February 2: Buddy Holly's last performance
February 2: Vince Lombardi signs a 5 year contract to coach Green Bay Packers
February 3: American Airlines Electra crashes in New York's East River, killing 65
February 4: Israel begins exporting copper ore
February 5: Australia regain the Ashes with a 10 wicket victory at Adelaide
February 5: "Redhead" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 455 performances
February 6: 1st successful test-fire of Titan ICBM
February 6: Fidel Castro is interviewed by Edward R. Murrow
February 7: Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution
February 7: Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)
February 7: Dorothy Rigney sells 54% of White Sox to Bill Veeck for a reported $27M
February 7: "Whoop-Up" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 56 performances
February 9: Coasters's "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2
February 10: Dutch Princess Wilhelmina publishes "Lonely, but not alone"
February 10: Tornado in St. Louis kills 19 and injures 265
February 11: Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)
February 13: Barbie doll goes on sale
February 13: Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
February 14: $3.6 million heroin seizure in New York City
February 15: Antonio Segni forms Italian government
February 15: Louise Suggs wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Tournament
February 16: Fidel Castro named himself Cuba's premier after overthrowing Batista
February 16: Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One," premieres in New York City
February 17: 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
February 19: Britain, Turkey and Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
February 19: Gabon adopts its constitution
February 19: USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), New Mexico
February 22: 1st Daytona 500 auto race-Lee Petty wins (135.521 MPH)
February 23: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
February 23: KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, California (PBS) begins broadcasting
February 27: Boston Celtic Bob Cousy sets NBA record with 28 assists Boston Celtics score 173 points against Minneapolis Lakers
February 27: Chicago Cards trade running back Ollie Matson to Los Angeles Rams for 9 players
February 28: "Goldilocks" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City after 161 performances
February 28: Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Springs USA won by Denny and Jones of GRB
February 28: Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner and Paul of CAN
February 28: Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss USA
February 28: Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
February 28: Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins USA
February 28: NFL trade, Chicago Cards trade Ollie Matson to Los Angeles Rams for 9 players

March

March 1: Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
March 1: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
March 3: 1st U.S. probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
March 3: British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
March 3: San Francisco Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
March 4: U.S. Pioneer IV misses Moon and becomes 2nd (U.S. 1st) artificial planet
March 5: Iran and U.S. sign economic / military treaty
March 6: 11st Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr
March 6: Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
March 7: 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
March 7: "Bells Are Ringing" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 925 performances
March 7: West Indies all out 76 vs. Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
March 8: Groucho, Chico and Harpo's final TV appearance together
March 8: KUAT TV channel 6 in Tucson, Arizona (PBS) begins broadcasting
March 8: Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
March 8: Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
March 9: 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
March 9: Barbie, the popular girls' doll, debuted, over 800 million sold
March 9: "Juno" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 16 performances
March 10: Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth," premieres in New York City
March 10: Uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa Tibet
March 11: "Raisin in the Sun," 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
March 11: Teddy Scholten wins Eurovision Song festival with "A Little Bit"
March 12: Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
March 12: U.S. House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
March 15: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
March 15: Richard Rogers' "No Strings" opens on Broadway
March 15: Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
March 15: WILX TV channel 10 in Lansing, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
March 16: Iraq and U.S.S.R. sign economic/technical treaty
March 17: Australia and U.S.S.R. restore diplomatic relations
March 17: Dalai Lama flees Tibet for India
March 18: Boston Celtic's Bill Sharman begins record of 56 straight free-throws
March 18: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill
March 19: "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 84 performances
March 21: 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats West Virginia 71-70
March 21: "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 16 performances
March 22: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Nehi Golf Tournament
March 24: Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
March 25: Bill White traded to St. Louis for pitchers Sam Jones and Don Choate
March 25: French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
March 26: Test debut for Mushtaq Mohammad vs. WI age 15 years 124 days
March 28: 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government and installs Panchen Lama
March 29: "Some Like it Hot" with Marilyn Monroe and Jack Lemmon premieres
March 29: Wes Hall takes Pakistani cricket hat-trick at Lahore
March 30: WNED TV channel 17 in Buffalo, New York (PBS) begins broadcasting
March 31: Dalai Lama fled China and was granted political asylum in India

April

April 4: Federation of Mali, consisting of Senegal and French Sudan, dissolved 1960
April 5: 23rd Golf Masters Championship: Art Wall, Jr. wins, shooting a 284
April 6: 31st Academy Awards - "Gigi," Susan Hayward and David Niven win
April 7: Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
April 7: Radar 1st bounced off Sun from Stanford, California
April 9: 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minnesota Lakers in 4 games Boston Celtics wins 8th straight title
April 9: Baltimore Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Washington Senators)
April 9: Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot
April 9: NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
April 10: Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda
April 11: Dodger pitcher Don Drysdale hits his 2nd Opening Day home run
April 11: Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory
April 11: "Jamaica" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 558 performances
April 12: 13th Tony Awards: J B and Redhead win
April 12: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
April 12: France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
April 13: USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
April 13: Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
April 13: Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics for voting for communists
April 14: KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
April 15: Fidel Castro begins U.S. goodwill tour
April 15: U.S. Secretary of States John Foster Dulles resigns
April 16: Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
April 16: New York Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
April 16: "Party with Comden and Green" opens at John Golden New York City for 44 performances
April 16: Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
April 18: Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1
April 19: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
April 19: Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
April 20: 63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42
April 21: 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
April 21: Alf Dean using a rod and reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark
April 22: Chicago White Sox beat Kansas City Athletics 20-6, in 1 inning Sox score 11 runs on 1 hit, 10 walks, and 3 errors
April 22: Yankee Whitey Ford strikes-out 15, beating Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings
April 23: 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
April 23: "Destry Rides Again" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 472 performances
April 24: Netherlands Dance Theater opens (Rudi of Dantzig and Cut Flier)
April 24: WICD TV channel 15 in Champaign, IL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
April 25: St. Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping
April 26: Cuba invades Panama
April 26: Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
April 27: Liu Sjau-chi elected president of China PR
April 27: "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)
April 28: KLOE TV channel 10 in Goodland, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 28: KPLR TV channel 11 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting

May

May 1: Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
May 1: West Germany introduces 5 day work week
May 1: White Sox Early Wynn beats Red Sox 1-0 on his own home run
May 2: 85th Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Tomy Lee wins in 2:02.2
May 3: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Land of the Sky Golf Tournament
May 3: Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive home runs in a doubleheader
May 4: 1st Grammy Awards: Perry Como and Ella Fitzgerald win
May 4: Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish
May 8: 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
May 9: Dorothy Rigney, husband John, and Hank Greenberg resign from White Sox
May 10: Giants Jim Hearn allows 2 runs against Pirates, game is suspended, Hearn is released and charged with loss 2 months after his retirement
May 10: Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Howard Johnson Golf Invitational
May 11: Elvis Presley's 1st entry on U.K. charts with "Heartbreak Hotel"
May 11: "Kookie, Kookie Lend Me Your Comb" by Byrnes and Connie Stevens hits #4
May 11: Rodgers and Barer's musical "Once upon a mattress," premieres in New York City
May 11: Yankee catcher Yogi Berra's errorless streak of 148 games ends
May 12: Liz Taylor's 4th marriage (Eddie Fisher)
May 12: "Nervous Set" opens at Henry Miller's Theater New York City for 23 performances
May 13: Kraft Music Hall with Milton Berle, last airs on NBC-TV
May 15: 100th anniversary of 1st college baseball game, between Amherst and Williams Teams reenact the original contest
May 16: 85th Preakness: William Harmatz aboard Royal Orbit wins in 1:57
May 16: WTOM TV channel 4 in Cheboygan, Michigan (NBC) begins broadcasting
May 17: Sam Snead sets PGA record for 36 holes at 122
May 18: "Castin' My Spell" by Johnny Otis Show hits #52
May 18: "Judy" by David Seville hits #86
May 18: "Russian Band Stand" by Spencer and Spencer hits #91
May 19: Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
May 20: Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
May 20: Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
May 20: Shah of Persia visits Netherlands
May 20: Yankees sink to last place, 1st time since May 25, 1940
May 21: Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Children's Petting Farm opens
May 21: "Gypsy" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 702 performances
May 22: Benjamin O Davis, Jr. becomes 1st black General-major in USAF
May 23: "Party with Comden and Green" closes at John Golden New York City after 44 performances
May 23: Presbyterian church accepts women preachers
May 24: 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited in Pleasant Hills, Pennsylvania
May 24: Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in England
May 25: Khrushchev visits Angola
May 25: Supreme court rules La prohibiting black-white boxing unconstitutional
May 26: Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th
May 28: Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts
May 28: Johnson and Bart's musical "Lock up your daughters," premieres in London
May 28: Monkeys Able and Baker zoom 300 mi (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, became 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
May 29: Charles de Gaulle forms French government
May 30: "First Impressions" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 84 performances
May 30: Iraq terminates military assistance pact with U.S. due to neutrality
May 30: "Nervous Set" closes at Henry Miller's Theater New York City after 23 performances
May 30: President Somoza ends emergency crisis in Nicaragua
May 30: President Stroessner disbands Paraguay's parliament
May 30: World's 1st hovercraft (SR-N1) tested at Cowes England
May 31: Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open

June

June 1: 2-time champ Monterrey Mexico barred from 1959 Little League competition for using players outside predetermined geographical area
June 1: Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
June 2: Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid," San Francisco
June 3: 1st class graduates from Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colo
June 3: 1st U.S. Air Force Academy graduation
June 3: Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker message off the Moon
June 3: Real Madrid wins 4th Europe Cup 1
June 3: Singapore adopts constitution
June 5: Bob Dylan graduates Hibbing HS in Minnesota
June 7: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
June 7: KLX-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
June 8: 1st official "missile mail" lands, Jacksonville, Florida
June 8: X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
June 9: 1st ballistic missile sub launched, George Washington
June 10: Rocky Colovito hits 4 consecutive home runs in 1 game
June 11: Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by U.S. Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)
June 12: San Francisco Giants Mike McCormick no-hits Phillies, 3-0 in 5 inning game
June 13: 59th U.S. Golf Open: Billy Casper shoots a 282 at Winged Foot Golf Club New York
June 13: 91st Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Sword Dancer wins in 2:28.6
June 13: "Sammy Kaye Show," last airs on ABC-TV
June 14: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
June 17: Eamon de Valera elected President of Ireland
June 18: 1st telecast transmitted from England to U.S.
June 22: "Along Came Jones" by Coasters peaks at #9
June 22: "Class" by Chubby Checker peaks at #38
June 22: Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
June 22: Most Phillies strike out in a game (16 by Sandy Koufax)
June 22: Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to San Francisco voyage
June 26: Ingemar Johansson TKOs Floyd Patterson in 3 for heavywgt boxing title
June 26: Queen Elizabeth and President Eisenhower open St. Lawrence Seaway
June 27: 14th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
June 27: Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game
June 27: "West Side Story" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 734 performances
June 28: Phils Wally Post is only outfielder to throw out 2 runners in an inning twice (Losing to Giants 6-0)
June 29: Pope John XXIII 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, and peace, in charity"
June 30: During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time

July

July 1: Heinrich Lubke elected President of West-Germany
July 1: Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West-Germany
July 1: World Refugee Year begins
July 1: WVTV TV channel 18 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (IND) begins broadcasting
July 2: "Plan 9 From Outer Space," one of the worse films ever, premieres
July 2: Prince Albert marries Princess Paola in Brussels
July 3: 73rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Alex Olmedo beats Rod Laver (64 63 64)
July 3: 88th British Golf Open: Gary Player shoots a 284 at Muirfield Gullane
July 4: 66th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Darlene Hard (64 63)
July 4: America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
July 4: Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
July 5: Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns
July 5: Indonesia restores constitution
July 5: Jack Gelber's "Connection," premieres in New York City
July 6: 5th LPGA Championship won by Betsy Rawls
July 6: Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
July 6: WENH TV channel 11 in Durham, New Hampshire (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 7: 26th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
July 9: Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Open
July 9: Mickey Wright wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament
July 12: NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during ankee-Red Sox game
July 14: 1st atomic powered cruiser, Long Beach, Quincy Massachusetts
July 17: 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
July 17: Dr. Leakey discovers oldest human skull (600,000 years old)
July 17: River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)
July 17: Tibet abolishes serfdom
July 18: 1st black to win a major golf tournament, William Wright
July 19: Mickey Wright wins LPGA Machine International Golf Open Alliance
July 21: 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, christened, Camden, New Jersey
July 21: Red Sox are last team to use a black player (Pumpsie Green)
July 22: Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D, premieres
July 23: Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit on U.S.S.R.
July 24: 500,000th Dutch TV set registered
July 24: Vice President Nixon argues with Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate"
July 26: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Western Golf Open
July 27: Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India vs. England on debut
July 27: William Shea announces he plans to have a baseball team in New York City in 1961
July 28: Great Britain starts using postal codes
July 28: Hawaii's 1st U.S. election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
July 30: In his major league debut, San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey goes 4-for-4
July 31: 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens

August

August 1: New Continental baseball league formed
August 1: Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia
August 1: WAAY TV channel 31 in Huntsville, AL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
August 2: 41st PGA Championship: Bob Rosburg shoots a 277 at Minneapolis GC
August 2: Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples
August 2: San Francisco Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits 1st of his 521 home runs
August 3: 27th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Memorial Coliseum, LA
August 3: 50 killed in uprising in Guinea-Bissau
August 3: AL beats NL 5-3 in 27th All Star Game (Dodger Stadium)
August 4: "Billy Barnes Revue" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 87 performances
August 5: 42.4 cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record)
August 5: Chicago Cardinals (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 55-26 in Toronto
August 7: Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space
August 12: 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
August 12: Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
August 13: Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
August 14: 26th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 29, All-Stars 0 (70,000)
August 14: AFL organized with NY, Dallas, LA, Minneapolis, Denver and Houston
August 16: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Seattle Golf Open
August 16: U.S.S.R. introduces installment buying
August 17: 7.1 quake strikes Yellowstone National Park
August 17: U.S.S.R. and Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
August 18: Branch Rickey resigns as Pirates' CEO to be President of Continental League
August 19: Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
August 19: Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League
August 19: Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit
August 20: Belgium shortens conscription to 12 months
August 21: Hawaii becomes 50th U.S. state
August 22: Cincinnati Red Frank Robinson hits 3 consecutive home runs
August 23: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Spokane Golf Open
August 24: England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
August 24: Hiram Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)
August 31: 48th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (3-2)
August 31: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
August 31: Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game

September

September 2: U.S. President Eisenhower arrives in Paris
September 5: Washington Senator Jim Lemon is 7th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)
September 6: Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
September 11: Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
September 11: "Duke" Ellington wins Springarn Medal for his musical achievements
September 11: Elroy Face's 22 game win streak ends as Dodgers beat Pirates 5-4
September 11: Oriole Jerry Walker pitches 16 inn beating White Sox 1-0
September 12: "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
September 12: Janos Kadar becomes premier of Hungary
September 12: Luna 2 launched by U.S.S.R.; 1st spacecraft to impact on Moon
September 13: 73rd U.S. Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Christine Truman (61 64)
September 13: 79th U.S. Mens Tennis: Neale Fraser beats Alejandro Olmedo (63 57 62 64)
September 13: Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Memphis Golf Open
September 13: U.S.S.R.'s Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body
September 14: Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon
September 14: WQEX TV channel 16 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting
September 15: Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in U.S. to begin a 13-day visit
September 16: President De Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination
September 17: 59th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus
September 17: Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
September 17: Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan and Korea
September 18: Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit
September 19: Nikita Khrushchev is denied access to Disneyland
September 20: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Links Golf Invitation Open
September 21: 600 Indian Dutch emigrate to US
September 22: Chicago White Sox clinch AL pennant
September 25: Cosmopolitan editor Helen Gurley (37) and David Brown (43) wed
September 26: Japan hit by typhoon Vera; about 5,000 die
September 26: Milwaukee Braves Warren Spahn becomes winningest NL lefty
September 26: San Francisco Giants Sam Jones 2nd no-hitter, beats St. Louis Cardinals, 4-0
September 27: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Opie Turner Golf Open
September 27: Braves and Dodgers finish in a tie (86-68)
September 27: Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his U.S. visit
September 28: Edward Franklin Albee's "zoo story," premieres in Berlin
September 28: Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around Earth
September 28: "Hennesey," debuts on CBS-TV
September 29: Dodgers win game 2 of playoff, 6-5, and take NL pennant
September 29: Little Anthony and the Imperials record "Shimmy Shimmy Koko Bop"
September 29: "Many Loves Of Dobie Gillis," debuts on CBS-TV
September 29: "Philip Marlowe," debuts on ABC-TV
September 29: Sultan of Brunei promulgates a constitution

October

October 1: 1st World Series since 1948 not to feature a New York team (LA vs Chic)
October 2: Rod Serling's "Twilight Zone" premieres on CBS-TV
October 3: 13th NHL All-Star Game: Montreal beat All-Stars 6-1 at Montreal
October 4: 1st World Series game played west of St. Louis (in LA)
October 4: Cleveland Browns' Jim Brown makes club record 37 rushing attempts
October 4: Dmitri Sjostakovitch 1st Cello concert premieres in Leningrad
October 4: Los Angeles Dodgers set World Series attendance record at 92,394
October 4: Netherlands beats Belgium 9-1
October 4: U.S.S.R. Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
October 6: Single game World Series attendence record set (92,706 in LA)
October 6: Soviet Luna 3, 1st successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon
October 7: Far side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments of U.S.S.R.'s Luna 3
October 7: "Happy Town" opens at 84th St. Theater New York City for 5 performances
October 8: "At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 216 performances
October 8: Conservatives win British election
October 8: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
October 9: 1st phone call between auto and plane
October 9: Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton
October 10: "Happy Town" closes at 84th St. Theater New York City after 5 performances
October 10: Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki
October 10: Pan Am begins regular flights around World
October 11: KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
October 14: WMUB (now WPTO) TV channel 14 in Oxford, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
October 15: KNDO TV channel 23 in Yakima, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting
October 15: "Untouchables" premieres
October 17: "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 87 performances
October 17: Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
October 17: Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
October 19: Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel
October 19: William Gibson's "Miracle Worker," premieres in New York City
October 20: Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
October 20: WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast
October 21: Contra revolutionaries bomb Havana
October 21: Guggenheim Museum, by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in N.Y.C.
October 21: Players Association approves 2 All-Star Games in 1960, to be held in Kansas City and NY
October 22: Bob Merrill's musical "Take me Along," premieres in New York City
October 22: "Take Me Along" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 448 performances
October 23: Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
October 24: U.S. premier of D Sjostakovitch's 1st Cello concert
October 27: Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
October 28: Buffalo Bills enter AFL
October 28: Jean Genet's "Les Nigres," premieres in Paris
October 29: 10 nation soccer league to play all games on New York Randalls Is, announced
October 31: Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to US
October 31: U.S.S.R. and Egypt sign contracts for building Aswan Dam

November

November 1: 1st NHL goalie to wear a hockey mask (Jacques Plante)
November 1: Jim Brown scores 5 TDs in Cleveland Browns 38-31 win over Balt
November 1: Patrice Lumumba arrested in Belgian Congo
November 1: WOV-AM in New York City changes call letters to WADO
November 2: Charles Van Doren confesses, TV quiz show-"21," was fixed
November 2: "Girls against the Boys" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 16 performances
November 3: Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election
November 4: Ernie Banks, Cubs shortstop, wins 2nd consecutive NL MVP
November 5: AFL announced with 8 teams
November 7: 13th Ryder Cup: U.S. wins 8 -3 at Eldorado CC California
November 8: KJTV (now KGET) TV channel 17 in Bakersfield, California (NBC) 1st broadcast
November 8: Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party wins every chair
November 10: Corinne Rottschaeffer elected Miss World
November 11: 1st episode of "Rocky and His Friends" airs
November 11: Seals Stadium in San Francisco, demolished
November 12: White Sox 2B Nellie Fox wins AL's MVP
November 14: "Girls against the Boys" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 16 performances
November 14: Kilauea's most spectacular eruption (in Hawaii)
November 15: Cleveland Browns' halfback Bobby Mitchell sets club record for longest run from scrimmage (90-yards), beat Washington 31-17
November 16: "Sound of Music" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City for 1443 performances
November 17: De Beers firm of South Africa announces synthetic diamond
November 17: Giants slugger Willie McCovey wins NL Rookie of Year
November 17: William Shea shows proposed New York City stadium with transparent roof
November 18: Washington Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
November 19: Ford cancels Edsel
November 19: "Rocky and His Friends" debuts on ABC
November 20: U.N. adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
November 20: WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal
November 21: Jack Benny (violin) and Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet
November 22: AFL's 1st draft - New York Titans choice George Izo, quarterback, Notre Dame
November 22: Boston Patriots enters AFL
November 23: "Fiorello!" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 796 performances
November 25: "Once Upon a Mattress" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 460 performances
November 28: 47th CFL Grey Cup: Winn Blue Bombers defeats Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 21-7
November 28: KOMC (now KSNK) TV channel 8 in McCook - Oberlin, NB (NBC) begins
November 28: Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Princeps Pastorum
November 30: Joe Foss named 1st commissioner of AFL

December

December 1: 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
December 1: 1st color photograph of Earth from outer space
December 1: 25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB)
December 1: The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
December 2: Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus
December 3: State of emergency on Cyprus ends
December 5: Intikhab Alam bowls Colin McDonald with 1st ball in Tests
December 7: "Saratoga" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 80 performances
December 8: Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta
December 8: President Eisenhower watches Pakistan vs. Australia Test Cricket at Karachi
December 11: Yankees trade Marv Thronberry, Don Larsen, Hank Bauer and Norm Seibern for Roger Maris, Kent Hadley and Joe Deaestri
December 12: U.N. Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established
December 13: Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus
December 14: Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
December 14: J B Jordan in F-104C sets world altitude record, 31,513m
December 14: USAF Captain Joe B. Jordan reaches 103,395 feet in F-104 jet fighter
December 15: Everly Brothers record "Let It Be Me"
December 16: Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48
December 17: 1st movie opening simultaneously in major cities (On The Beach)
December 17: "On The Beach," is 1st film to premiere on both sides of Iron Curtain
December 18: Sammy Baugh named 1st coach of New York Titans (AFL)
December 19: 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0
December 20: Jasu Patel takes 9-69, India vs. Australia at Kanpur
December 21: 10th largest snowfall in New York City history (13.7")
December 21: Citizens of Deerfield, Illinois block building of interracial housing
December 21: Shah of Persia marries Farah Diba
December 21: Tom Landry accepts coaching job with Dallas Cowboys (stays until 1988)
December 22: Continental League awards its last franchise to Dallas-Ft. Worth
December 22: NY Ranger goalie Marcel Paille wears a customized mask
December 25: A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas
December 25: Richard Starkey receives his 1st drum set
December 25: Sony brings transistor TV 8-301 to the market
December 27: Baltimore Colts beat New York Giants 31-16 in NFL championship game
December 29: Saul Levitt's "Andersonville Trial," premieres in New York City
December 30: George Washington, 1st ballistic missile sub commissioned
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