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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1954 AD


January 1: KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
January 1: Rose and Cotton Bowl are 1st sports colorcasts
January 1: WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
January 1: Yugoslav parliament chairman/Vice President Milovan Djilas criticize communism
January 2: Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in New York City
January 4: Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville
January 4: Soap Opera "The Brighter Day" premieres
January 8: Elvis Presley pays $4 to a Memphis studio and records his 1st two songs, "Casual Love" and "I'll Never Stand in Your Way"
January 9: -87 degrees F (-66 degrees C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
January 9: Bert Olmstead, Mont Canadiens, ties NHL record of 8 points in game
January 9: Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan and Leonie Adams
January 10: Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden
January 11: 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
January 12: Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115
January 12: Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament
January 13: Miltary rule in Egypt; 318 Mohammedan Brotherhood arrested
January 13: WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, Florida (ABC) begins broadcasting
January 14: New York Yankee Joe DiMaggio marries actress Marilyn Monroe
January 14: Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend," premieres in London
January 16: "South Pacific" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 1928 performances
January 17: Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
January 17: NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
January 17: Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
January 18: Fanfani forms Italian government
January 20: -70 degrees F (-57 degrees C), Rogers Pass, Montana (U.S. 48 state record)
January 20: Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' "Concertino opus 94," premieres
January 21: 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (New York City)
January 23: Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
January 23: Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
January 24: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open
January 24: BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Don Carter
January 26: Ground breaking begins on Disneyland
January 29: Arnold Schoenberg's "De Profundis," premieres in Cologne
January 30: Belgium ends trade agreement with U.S.S.R.
January 30: Italy's Fanfani government resigns


February 1: 1st TV soap opera "Secret Storm" premieres
February 1: Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
February 1: Soccer team The County froms in Doetinchem
February 2: Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 113 pts in basketball game
February 2: President Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb, done in 1952
February 2: Snow falls on Gibraltar
February 3: Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
February 5: WCDC TV channel 19 in Adams, MA (ABC) begins broadcasting
February 9: Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
February 10: Eisenhower warns against U.S. intervention in Vietnam
February 10: Ice Dance Championship at Oslo won by Jean Westwood/Lawrence Demmy GRB
February 10: Ice Pairs Championship at Oslo won by Frances Dafoe/Norris Bowden CAN
February 10: Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Gundi Busch GER
February 10: Men's Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Hayes Alan Jenkins US
February 11: 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor and Eve Arden wins
February 13: Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
February 14: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
February 14: Senator John Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"
February 14: WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
February 15: 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California
February 15: WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
February 16: WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
February 19: WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, New York (NBC) 1st broadcast
February 20: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
February 20: General Zahedi wins election in Persia
February 23: 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
February 23: Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
February 25: Abdul Nasser appointed Egyptian premier
February 26: 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Massachusetts
February 26: Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock and roll) records
February 28: Patty Berg/Pete Cooper wins LPGA Orlando Mixed Golf Tournament
February 28: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island


March 1: 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in U.S. House of Representatives injuring 5 representatives
March 1: Rebellion during visit of President Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
March 1: Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War
March 1: U.S. explodes 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll
March 4: J. E. Wilkins, appointed 1st Black U.S. sub-cabinet member
March 5: "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger New York City for 115 performances
March 7: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
March 7: Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition
March 9: 1st local color TV coml WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) New York City (Castro Decorators)
March 9: Edward R. Murrow criticizes Senator Joseph McCarthy on 'See it Now'
March 9: WMUR TV channel 9 in Manchester, New Hampshire (ABC) begins broadcasting
March 11: U.S. Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics
March 12: 1st performance of Arnold Schonberg's "Moses und Aaron"
March 13: Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron
March 13: Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
March 14: Braves Henry Aaron homers in his 1st exhibition game
March 14: KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
March 14: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
March 14: NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak
March 15: "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite and Jack Paar
March 15: WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
March 19: 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in MSG, New York City
March 19: 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico
March 19: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
March 19: U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
March 19: Weekes, Worrell and Walcott complete tons in innings vs. England
March 20: 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
March 20: 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
March 20: "King and I" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 1246 performances
March 21: KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, Montana (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
March 22: 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan
March 25: 26th Academy Awards - "From Here to Eternity," Holden and A Hepburn win
March 25: Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
March 25: RCA manufactures 1st color TV set, a 12-inch screen for $1,000
March 26: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
March 28: 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon and Kismet win
March 28: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
March 28: WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (TM) begins broadcasting
March 30: Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers vs. England at Kingston
March 31: U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, established
March 31: U.S.S.R. offers to join NATO


April 1: 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
April 1: 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
April 1: Earthquake and tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
April 1: U.S. Air Force Academy forms
April 1: WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting
April 2: Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced
April 3: Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
April 3: "Me and Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 358 performances
April 4: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
April 5: Elvis Presley records his debut single, "That's All Right"
April 6: Montreal Canadians score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Detroit
April 6: TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson and Sons
April 6: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
April 7: German government refuses to recognize DDR
April 7: President Eisenhower fears "domino-effect" in Indo-China
April 7: WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, Georgia (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
April 8: "By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 270 performances
April 9: WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, North Carolina (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
April 10: KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
April 11: Marlene Bauer wins LPGA New Orleans Golf Open
April 12: 18th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 289
April 12: 8th NBA Championship: Minnesota Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3
April 12: Belgian Van Houtte government resigns
April 12: Bill Haley and Comets records "Rock Around Clock"
April 12: Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle and Roll"
April 13: Baltimore Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0
April 13: Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game
April 13: Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist
April 14: Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
April 15: KARK TV channel 4 in Little Rock, AR (NBC) begins broadcasting
April 15: Orioles 1st game in Baltimore beat White Sox 3-1
April 15: WHO TV channel 13 in Des Moines, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
April 15: Yankees dedicate a plaque to Edward Barrow
April 16: KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 16: Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
April 18: Colonel Nasser seizes power and becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
April 18: Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
April 19: 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
April 19: 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th
April 20: "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 125 performances
April 21: Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of U.S.S.R.
April 21: USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
April 22: Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
April 22: NBA adopts 24-second shot clock and 6 team-foul rule
April 22: Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began
April 22: U.S.S.R. joins UNESCO
April 23: Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers
April 24: 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
April 24: Australia and U.S.S.R. break diplomatic relations
April 24: WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, Pennsylvania (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 25: Bell labs announces 1st solar battery
April 25: British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
April 25: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
April 25: WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 26: Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva
April 26: Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins
April 30: Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Haifa


May 1: 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03
May 1: Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
May 1: HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
May 1: WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
May 2: Stan Musial hits 5 home runs in a doubleheader
May 3: KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
May 3: Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A. Lindbergh and John Patrick
May 3: WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, Wisconsin (PBS) begins broadcasting
May 4: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
May 5: Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay
May 6: Roger Bannister of Britain breaks 4 minute mile (3:59:4)
May 7: French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
May 7: U.S., Great Britain and France reject Russian membership in NATO
May 8: 1st shot-put over 60' (18.29 m)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, CA
May 10: Bolshoi-ballet does not appear in Paris
May 13: Labour Party wins British municipal elections
May 13: "Pajama Game" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 1063 performances
May 13: Robin Roberts gives up a home run then retires next 27 men in a row
May 13: U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
May 14: Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
May 15: KGLO (now KIMT) TV channel 3 in Mason City, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast
May 16: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA National Capital Golf Open
May 16: Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone
May 16: WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast
May 17: School desegregation law, Brown vs. Board of education
May 17: Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy Vs Ferguson decision
May 18: European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect
May 19: Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
May 20: Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
May 21: Amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
May 22: 80th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
May 22: KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
May 22: Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
May 24: 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
May 24: Dr. Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit
May 24: German airline Lufthansa forms
May 24: IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
May 29: Kirk and Anne Douglas married
May 30: Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
May 30: Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
May 30: Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca," premieres


June 1: Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
June 2: John Costello becomes premier of Ireland
June 4: Arthur Murray flies X-1A rocket plane to record 27,000 m
June 4: France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union
June 5: Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos
June 5: "Your Show Of Shows," last airs on NBC-TV
June 6: Patty Berg wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
June 7: 1st microbiology laboratory dedicated, New Brunswick, New Jersey
June 9: Joseph Welch asks Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during Senate-Army hearings
June 10: KQED TV channel 9 in SF, California (PBS) begins broadcasting
June 10: PBS reaches SF: KQED (Channel 9) starts broadcasting
June 12: 86th Belmont: Eric Guerin aboard High Gun wins in 2:30.8
June 12: Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock," is originally released
June 12: "Girl in Pink Tights" closes at Mark Hellinger New York City after 115 performances
June 12: Milwaukee Braves Jim Wilson no-hits Phillies, 2-0
June 13: Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine, laid in Bronx
June 14: President Eisenhower signs order adding words 'under God' to the Pledge
June 15: Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factory nationalized
June 16: Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months
June 16: Ngo Dinh Diem elected president of Vietnam
June 17: CIA exile army lands in Guatemala, JF Dulles and United Fruit Co
June 17: Rocky Marciano beats Ezzard Charles in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
June 17: Televised Senate Army McCarthy hearings ends
June 18: Pierre Mendes-France forms French government
June 19: 54th U.S. Golf Open: Ed Furgol shoots a 284 at Baltusrol Golf Club in New Jersey
June 19: Betty Jameson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
June 19: Tasmanian Devil, debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
June 21: John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
June 22: Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands
June 23: 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)
June 24: "John Murray Anderson's Almanac" closes at Imperial New York City after 229 performances
June 26: Jim Peters runs marathon in 2:17:39.4
June 27: 1st atomic power station opens (Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia)
June 27: CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
June 28: 111 degrees F (44 degrees C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
June 29: Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J Robert Oppenheimer
June 30: Largest check: Internal U.S. Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
June 30: Yank pitcher Tom Morgan ties record by hitting 3 batters in 1 inning This was also Bobby Brown's last game; he retired to become a doctor


July 1: Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 home runs for record 3 home runs in his 1st 2 days
July 1: Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 years 352, then world record
July 1: WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, Florida (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 2: 68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 46 62 97)
July 2: Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes vs. Pakistan
July 3: 61st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats L Brough (62 75)
July 3: 9th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson Zaharias
July 3: Food rationing ends in Britain
July 3: "Wonderful Town" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 559 performances
July 4: West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 for soccer's 5th World Cup in Bern
July 4: WMSL (WYUR, now WAFF) TV channel 48 in Huntsville, AL (ABC) begins
July 5: B-52A bomber made its maiden flight
July 5: Last day of Test Cricket for Khalid Hassan aged 16 yrs, 356 days
July 6: Elvis Presley records his 1st hit, "That's All Right"
July 6: KMOS TV channel 6 in Sedalia-Warrensburg, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 6: Tunisian government of M'zali, resigns
July 7: T.A.N.U. party forms in Tanzania
July 8: KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast
July 8: Military junta selects colonel Armas president of Guatemala
July 11: 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
July 12: Major League Baseball Players Association founded
July 12: President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
July 13: 21st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-9 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
July 13: Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
July 14: 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), East St. Louis, Illinois (state record)
July 14: 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Warsaw and Union, Missouri (state record)
July 15: 110 degrees F (43 degrees C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
July 15: 1st coml jet transport plane built in U.S. tested (Boeing 707)
July 15: KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
July 15: WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
July 17: 1st major league game where majority of team is black (Dodgers)
July 17: Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany
July 18: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
July 18: Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
July 20: Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North and South
July 20: Tennis champ Maureen Connolly's right leg is crushed in an accident
July 20: West German secret service head Otto John defects to East Germany
July 21: At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North and South Vietnam
July 22: Virgin Islands (U.S.) adopts constitution (Revised Organic Act)
July 22: WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 25: Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Fort Wayne Golf Open
July 26: WCET TV channel 48 in Cincinnati, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 27: 36th PGA Championship: Chick Herbert at Keller Golf Club St. Paul Minnesota
July 27: Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
July 28: Ernest Blochs 4th string quartet, premieres
July 30: Bob Kennedy hits the 1st grand slam for the new Baltimore Orioles
July 30: Elvis Presley joins Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71
July 31: Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 home runs, 1 double)


August 1: Louison Bobet wins his 2nd Tour de France
August 1: WKBT TV channel 8 in La Crosse, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
August 2: Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
August 3: 1st VTOL, Vertical Take-off and Land, flown
August 4: Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
August 5: Boxing Hall of Fame's 1st election selects 24 modern and 15 pioneers
August 5: Patty Berg wins LPGA World Golf Championshio
August 6: WLAC (now WTVF) TV channel 5 in Nashville (CBS) begins broadcasting
August 7: Charles Mahoney becomes 1st U.S. black to serve as a full United Nations delegate
August 7: "Golden Apple" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 125 performances
August 10: Netherlands Indonesian Union breaks up
August 10: Sir Gordon Richards retires as a jockey with record 4,870 wins
August 11: BC Lions plays its 1st CF game, they lose to Montreal Alouettes, 22-0
August 11: Formal peace takes place, ending 7+ years of fighting in Indochina between French and Communist Vietminh
August 12: Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
August 13: 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
August 14: WGR TV (now WGRZ) TV channel 2 in Buffalo, New York (NBC) begins
August 15: Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
August 15: WCHS TV channel 8 in Charleston-Huntington, WV (ABC) begins
August 16: 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
August 16: Sports Illustrated magazine begins publishing
August 18: James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a U.S. cabinet meeting
August 19: Ralph J. Bunche named undersecretary of UN
August 22: WPTV TV channel 5 in Palm Beach, Florida (NBC) begins broadcasting
August 23: President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily
August 24: Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party
August 24: International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
August 24: William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante," premieres in London
August 25: Ivan Filin wins Berne marathon (2:25:26.6) (260m)
August 29: San Francisco International Airport (SFO) opens
August 30: Hurricane Carol, kills 68
August 31: Hurricane Carol (1st major named storm) hits New England, 70 die
August 31: Indians beat Yankees 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
August 31: WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins


September 1: Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island/New England, kills 68
September 1: Ted Kluszewski is 1st Cincinnati Red to hit 40 home runs en route to 49
September 2: Hurricane Edna batters NE U.S., killing 20
September 2: WTVD TV channel 11 in Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 3: China begins artillery bombing on Quemoy and Amoy
September 3: Espionage and Sabotage Act of 1954 signed
September 3: Pope Pius X canonized a saint
September 4: 1st passage of McClure Strait, fabled Northwest Passage completed
September 4: Peter B Cortese of U.S. achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
September 5: Dutch Super Constellation crashes at Shannon, 28 die
September 6: 68th U.S. Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats A Louise Brough (68 61 86)
September 6: 74th U.S. Mens Tennis: E V Seixas, Jr. beats Rex Hartwig (36 62 64 64)
September 6: U.S. plane shot down above Siberia
September 6: WINS New York City begins playing rock n roll with Alan Freed Show
September 6: Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters
September 7: Integration begins in Washington D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland public schools
September 8: Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to New York City for WINS radio
September 8: SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communists in Asia
September 9: Earthquake strikes Orleansville, Algeria: 1,400 killed
September 9: Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
September 10: 12 second shock kills 1,460 in Orleansville Algeria
September 10: Attempting to handle Hoyt Wilhelm's knuckleball catcher Ray Katt of Giants sets a major league record with 4 passed balls
September 10: WLUK TV channel 11 in Green Bay, Wisconsin (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
September 11: 1st Miss America TV broadcast
September 11: 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
September 11: KXJB TV channel 4 in Valley City (Fargo) (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 11: Lee Meriwether (Calif), 19, crowned 27th Miss America 1955 (1st on TV)
September 12: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
September 12: Indians sweep Yankees at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
September 12: White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
September 12: WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 13: Reds Ted Kluszewski scores a run in record 17 consecutive games
September 13: WPBN TV channel 7 in Traverse City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 14: B Britten's opera "Turn of the Screw," premieres in Venice
September 14: Giants' Willie Mays gets 82nd extra-base hit, breaks Mel Ott's record
September 14: Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits New York City, $50 million damage
September 14: U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
September 16: CKLW TV channel 9 in Windsor, ON (CBC) begins broadcasting
September 17: Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
September 18: Cleveland Indians clinch AL pennant, beat Tigers (3-2)
September 18: KTUL TV channel 8 in Tulsa, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 18: WLOS TV channel 13 in G'ville-Spartanburg, South Carolina (ABC) 1st broadcast
September 19: Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Wichita Golf Open
September 20: 1st FORTRAN computer program run
September 20: 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
September 20: KETC TV channel 9 in Saint Louis, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
September 20: Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles
September 20: Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy
September 21: 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned
September 21: Kleffens appointed chairman of General Meeting U.N.
September 22: Bkln Dodger Karl Spooner strikes out 15 New York Giants in his 1st game
September 24: Tonight Show premieres on NBC (Johnny takes over 8 years later)
September 24: Yankees tie a record, 3 of their pinch hitters strike out in 1 inning
September 25: Francois "Doc" Duvalier wins Haitian presidential election
September 25: Indians win AL record 111 games
September 25: WCBD TV channel 2 in Charleston, South Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 26: A's defeats Yankees 8-6 in last game franchise will play in Philadelphia
September 26: Japanese ferry boat Toya Maru sinks in Strait of Tsugaru, 1172 die
September 26: KODE TV channel 12 in Joplin, MO (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 26: KUTV TV channel 2 in Salt Lake City, UT (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 26: Patty Berg wins LPGA Ardmore Golf Open
September 26: Typhoon hits Japan - 5 ferryboats sink killing about 1,600
September 26: WANE TV channel 15 in Fort Wayne, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
September 26: WCAX TV channel 3 in Burlington, VT (CBS) begins broadcasting
September 26: Yogi Berra plays his only game at 3rd and Mickey Mantle plays shortstop
September 27: School integration begins in Washington D.C. and Baltimore Md public schools
September 27: Steve Allen's "Tonight Show" premieres
September 29: "Barefoot Contessa" starring Ava Gardner premieres at the Capitol
September 29: Bennekom soccer team forms in Bennekom
September 29: KALB TV channel 5 in Alexandria, LA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
September 29: "Masquerade Party," TV game Show; moves to ABC
September 29: "Star is Born" starring Judy Garland and James Mason premieres
September 29: Willie Mays famous over-the-shoulder catch of Vic Wertz' 460' drive
September 30: "Boy Friend" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 483 performances
September 30: Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered vessel (sub), commissioned by the Navy


October 1: British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
October 2: 8th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Detroit 2-2 at Detroit
October 2: Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal
October 2: New York Giants sweep Cleveland Indians, in 51st World Series
October 3: "Father Knows Best" premieres
October 3: KFVS TV channel 12 in Cape Girardeau, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 5: Hurricane Hazel hits Eastern U.S.
October 7: Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of Moslem brothership, arrested in Egypt
October 7: Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
October 9: KTIV TV channel 4 in Sioux City, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
October 10: Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after French troops pulled out
October 11: "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 64 performances
October 11: Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
October 13: RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap," premieres in New York City
October 14: Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
October 15: Hurricane Hazel strikes U.S. and Canada, 348 die
October 15: KLTV TV channel 7 in Tyler-Longview, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 17: Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs. Washington (49-21)
October 18: Hurricane Hazel (3rd of 1954) becomes most severe to hit US
October 18: WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, South Carolina (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
October 18: WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (New York City)
October 19: Egypt and Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs
October 19: KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 20: "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 149 performances
October 21: Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor," premieres
October 21: Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea
October 22: West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
October 23: Britain, England, France and U.S.S.R. agree to end occupation of Germany
October 23: Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
October 23: West Germany joins NATO
October 23: WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 26: Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
October 26: Walt Disney's 1st television program, "Disneyland," premieres on ABC
October 27: B. O. Davis, Jr. becomes 1st black general in USAF
October 27: President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem
October 27: WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 28: Ernest Hemingway wins Nobel prize for literature
October 28: Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Philadelphia syndicate
October 28: N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker," premieres in New York City
October 28: Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway
October 29: Colonel Nasser disbands Moslem Brothership
October 29: Sweden begins experimental TV
October 30: Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry
October 30: U.S. Armed Forces end segregation of races
October 31: Algerian Revolution against French begins
October 31: Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Texas Golf Open
October 31: KREM TV channel 2 in Spokane, WA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting


November 1: Algeria begins rebellion against French rule
November 1: General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba
November 1: India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
November 1: KUON TV channel 12 in Lincoln, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
November 1: U.S. Senate admonishes Joseph Mccarthy because of slander campaign
November 2: Charles C. Diggs, Jr. elected Michigan's 1st black congressman
November 2: J. S. Thurmond is 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC)
November 2: Taiwan and U.S. sign military pact
November 3: Linus Pauling wins Nobel Chemistry Prize
November 3: Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born and Walter Bothe
November 4: "Fanny" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 888 performances
November 4: Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
November 7: Cleveland Browns' Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns and win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Washington 62-3
November 7: U.S. spy plane shot down North of Japan
November 8: AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
November 10: Iwo Jima Memorial (servicemen raising U.S. flag) dedicated in Arlington
November 10: Lieutenant Colonel John Strapp travels 632 MPH in a rocket sled
November 12: Ellis Island, immigration station in New York Harbor, closed
November 14: Egyptian President Naguib fired/state of emergency declared
November 15: 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
November 18: Yankees trade Woodling, Byrd, McDonald, Triandos, Miranada and Smith to Orioles for Turley, Larsen and Hunter as part of an 18 player deal
November 20: KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
November 22: Humane Society forms
November 24: Air Force One, 1st U.S. Presidential airplane, christened
November 24: France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
November 26: Test Cricket debut of Colin Cowdrey vs. Australia at Gabba
November 27: 42nd CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 26-25
November 27: "By the Beautiful Sea" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 270 performances
November 28: 1st pro football game in Netherlands
November 28: Cleveland Browns' Horace Gillom sets club record with 80-yard punt
November 28: KCKT (now KSNC) TV channel 2 in Great Bend, KS (NBC) 1st broadcast
November 30: 1st meteorite known to strike a woman (Liz Hodges-Sylacauga Ala)
November 30: 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)
November 30: John Strodom succeeds Malan as premier of South Africa


December 1: Nationalist China and U.S. sign dike agreement
December 1: Yankees send Miller, Segrist, Leppert and 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley and Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)
December 2: Frank Selvy of Milwaukee sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws
December 2: "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 4 performances
December 2: U.S. Senate censures Joe McCarthy, Senator-R-Wisconsin, for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor and disrepute"
December 3: Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard," premieres
December 3: William Walton's opera "Troilus and Cressida," premieres in London
December 4: "Hit the Trail" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 4 performances
December 4: "On Your Toes" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 64 performances
December 5: KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 6: Simone de Beauvoir receives Prix Goncourt
December 7: Japanese government of Joshida, resigns
December 7: KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
December 8: Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed," premieres in New York City
December 8: WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 9: Dmitri Sjostakovitsj appointed honored guest of Swed Royal Music Acad
December 10: Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize
December 10: Philadelphia Phillies purchase Connie Mack Stadium
December 11: USS Forrestal christened in Newport News, Va
December 14: WOAY TV channel 4 in Oak Hill-Beckley, WV (ABC) begins broadcasting
December 15: Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons
December 15: Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
December 17: 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary, Indiana)
December 17: WEAU TV channel 13 in Eau Claire, Wisconsin (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 21: Dr. Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of crime)
December 24: Council for the Children Protection forms in Netherlands
December 24: Laos gains its independence
December 25: WSFA TV channel 12 in Montgomery, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 26: Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10
December 26: "The Shadow," airs for last time on radio
December 27: Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Saint," premieres in New York City
December 27: "Saint of Bleecker Street" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 92 performances
December 28: 43rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Sydney (3-2)
December 28: KEPR TV channel 19 in Pasco-Kennewick-Richl, WA (CBS) 1st broadcast
December 29: Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands and Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being
December 30: 1st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
December 30: Harold Arlen/Truman Capotes musical premieres in New York City
December 30: "House of Flowers" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 165 performances
<< 19531955 >>

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