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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1945 AD


January 1: France joins the UN
January 1: German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
January 2: Allied air raid on Neurenberg
January 2: Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
January 2: Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
January 3: Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
January 3: British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
January 3: Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room
January 3: Greek General Plastiras forms government
January 3: John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in New York City
January 3: U.S. aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
January 4: Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
January 4: U.S. jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack
January 5: Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
January 5: Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
January 6: Future president George Bush marries Barbara Pierce in Rye NY
January 7: Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory at Ardennen
January 8: "Youth for Christ" organizes
January 9: U.S. soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines
January 10: Baseball writers again fail to elect a new Hall of Famer
January 10: LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
January 10: No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
January 12: German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
January 12: U.S. Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
January 13: Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
January 15: Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg sugar beets
January 15: "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 429 performances
January 15: Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
January 16: Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
January 16: U.S. 1st and 3rd army meet at Houffalise
January 17: Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
January 17: Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
January 17: Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)
January 17: Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
January 18: Warsaw freed by Soviet army
January 20: Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as president
January 21: British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
January 22: Burma highway reopens
January 22: Heavy U.S. air raid on Okinawa
January 23: Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation
January 24: Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
January 25: Dan Topping, Del Webb and Larry MacPhail purchase New York Yankees for $2.8 mil
January 25: Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st U.S. city to fluoridate its water
January 25: Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
January 25: New York Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to Larry MacPhail, Dan Topping, &
January 25: West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
January 26: Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
January 27: Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
January 27: Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
January 27: S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in New York City
January 27: Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested
January 28: Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
January 28: General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
January 28: Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
January 30: German ship "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed, 4,800 killed
January 30: "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die
January 31: U.S. 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath


February 1: U.S. Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
February 2: Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
February 3: Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin
February 3: Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
February 4: FDR, Churchill and Stalin meet at Yalta
February 5: Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
February 5: British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Krim
February 5: U.S. troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
February 6: 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
February 6: Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
February 7: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
February 7: President Truman appoints Irwin C. Mollison judge of U.S. Customs Court
February 7: U.S. 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
February 8: Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
February 9: WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
February 10: "Rum and Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
February 11: 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, California
February 11: Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill and Stalin
February 12: San Francisco selected for site of United Nations Conference
February 13: Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
February 13: Gerbrandy British government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
February 13: U.S.S.R. captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
February 14: 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
February 14: Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joins UN
February 16: U.S. forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
February 16: Venezuela declares war on nazi-Germany
February 19: 30,000 U.S. Marines land on Iwo Jima
February 19: 900 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days
February 19: Brotherhood Day 1st celebrated
February 21: Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
February 21: British Army captures Goch
February 21: U.S. 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
February 22: Arab League froms (Cairo)
February 22: British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
February 22: Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
February 23: 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
February 23: Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
February 23: U.S. Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and statue
February 24: Egypt and Syria declares war on nazi-Germany
February 24: Manila freed from Japanese
February 24: Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
February 25: U.S. aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
February 26: Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th U.S. Air Force
February 27: Battle of U.S. 94 Infantry


March 1: British 43rd Division under General Essame occupies Xanten
March 1: Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
March 1: Field Marshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander
March 1: Franklin D. Roosevelt announces success of Yalta Conference
March 1: U.S. infantry regiment captures Monchengladbach
March 2: 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
March 2: King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
March 3: Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarters
March 3: RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
March 3: U.S. 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
March 3: U.S. and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
March 4: Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
March 5: Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
March 5: Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Patch meet in Luneville
March 5: U.S. 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
March 5: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
March 6: 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
March 6: Assassination attempt on Hohere, SS Police fuhrer Rauter
March 6: Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
March 6: Erich Honnecker andErich Hanke flee nazis
March 6: Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa," premieres in Buenos Aires
March 7: Cologne taken by allied armies
March 7: U.S. 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
March 7: Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
March 8: 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
March 8: International Women's Day is 1st observed
March 8: "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
March 8: Phyllis M. Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as U.S. Navy ensign
March 9: 334 U.S. B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb
March 9: Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
March 10: Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
March 10: Japan declares Vietnam Independence
March 10: Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army
March 10: Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombing
March 10: U.S. troops lands on Mindanao
March 11: 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
March 11: Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
March 12: 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
March 12: British Empire celebrates it's 1st British Empire Day
March 12: Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
March 12: New York is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race and creed in employment
March 12: U.S.S.R. returns Transylvania to Romania
March 13: Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
March 13: Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
March 14: RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
March 15: 17th Academy Awards - "Going my Way," Bing Cosby and Ingrid Bergman win
March 15: Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
March 15: Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
March 15: Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
March 15: Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain, New York
March 16: Allies secure Iwo Jima
March 17: Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
March 18: 1,250 U.S. bombers attacks Berlin
March 18: Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals
March 18: U.S. Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
March 19: 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
March 19: Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree: destruction of German facilities
March 19: British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
March 19: U.S. Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
March 20: U.S. 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
March 21: 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
March 21: During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
March 21: Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
March 22: Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
March 22: U.S. 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
March 23: British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
March 23: Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bomb Okinawa
March 23: Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
March 24: General Eisenhower, Montgomery and Bradley discuss advance in Germany
March 24: Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports and 1300 gliders
March 24: Operation Varsity: British, U.S. and Canadian airborne landings East of Rhine
March 24: U.S. minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
March 25: U.S. 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
March 25: U.S. 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau and Aschaffenburg
March 25: U.S. Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
March 26: British premier Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
March 26: De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34
March 26: Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
March 26: Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima
March 26: Kamikazes attack U.S. battle fleet near Kerama Retto
March 26: U.S. 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
March 26: Venray soccer team forms
March 27: 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU 49-44
March 27: British premier Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
March 27: DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
March 27: Ella Fitzgerald and Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"
March 27: General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
March 27: Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese and 6,000 U.S. killed
March 27: U.S. 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
March 28: Last German V-2 (buzz bomb) attack on London
March 30: 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
March 30: U.S.S.R. invades Austria during WW II
March 31: 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
March 31: Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen
March 31: Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie," premieres in New York City
March 31: U.S. artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa


April 1: 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
April 1: Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
April 1: Ruhrgebied sealed off by U.S. 1st and 9th army
April 1: Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
April 1: U.S. forces invade Okinawa during WW II
April 2: 1st U.S. units reach east coast of Okinawa
April 3: Hengelo freed from nazi control by Canadian army
April 3: Nazi's begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
April 3: U.S. 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
April 4: Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
April 4: U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
April 4: U.S. tanks and infantry conquer Bielefeld
April 5: Almelo Netherlands freed
April 5: Kuniaki Koiso resigns as Prime Minister of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
April 6: Coevorden freed from nazis
April 6: Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
April 6: Massive kamikaze-attack on U.S. battle fleet near Okinawa
April 6: U.S. Marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa
April 7: 1st and last assault of German Rammkommando on U.S. bombers
April 7: U.S. B-17's bombs range at Luneburg
April 7: U.S. planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato and four destroyers were sunk
April 8: Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
April 9: Battleship Admiral Scheer sinks British aircraft carrier
April 9: Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
April 9: NFL requires players to wear long stockings
April 10: Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald, Czechoslovakia
April 10: Canadian troops conquer Deventer
April 10: General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
April 10: German troops attack Ijsselbrug
April 10: NFL's Boston Yankees and Brooklyn Tigers merge
April 10: U.S. troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
April 10: U.S. troops liberate Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany
April 10: William Schuman and Antony Tudors ballet premieres in New York City
April 11: Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
April 11: SS burns and shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
April 11: U.S. captures Tsugen Shima
April 11: U.S. soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald"
April 11: U.S. troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
April 12: Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands
April 12: Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd president
April 12: Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
April 12: U.S. liberates Buchenwald concentration camp
April 13: Canadian army liberates Teuge and Assen Netherlands from Nazis
April 13: Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)
April 13: U.S. Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
April 14: American planes bombed Tokyo and damaged the Imperial Palace
April 14: Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis
April 14: U.S. 7th Army and allies forces captured Nuremberg and Stuttgart in Germany
April 14: U.S. forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
April 14: U.S. Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
April 15: British and Canadian troops liberate Nazi camp of Bergen-Belsen
April 15: British Army liberates Belsen concentration camp
April 15: Franklin D. Roosevelt buried on grounds of Hyde Park home
April 15: Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Communium interpretes dolorum
April 15: U.S. troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
April 16: German troops in Groningen surrender
April 16: Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
April 16: U.S. troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II
April 16: U.S. troops land on He Shima Okinawa
April 17: 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
April 17: German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands
April 17: Mussolono flees from Salo to Molan
April 17: U.S. troops lands in Mindanao
April 18: 1 armed outfielder, St. L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4
April 18: Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
April 18: Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
April 19: 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
April 19: Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway
April 19: U.S. aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
April 19: U.S. offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
April 20: Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
April 20: German occupiers flood Beemster and Fencer
April 20: Soviet troops enter Berlin
April 20: U.S. 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
April 20: U.S. forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
April 21: Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
April 21: He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
April 21: Ivor Nivello's "Perchance to Dream," premieres in London
April 21: Russia army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
April 21: U.S. 7th Army occupies Neurenberg
April 22: Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
April 22: Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
April 23: Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
April 23: U.S. troops in Italy cross river Po
April 24: Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner
April 24: Delegates of 46 countries gather in San Francisco to discuss U.N.
April 25: 45 countries convene United Nations Conference on International Organization in SF
April 25: Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
April 25: British troops reach Grebbe line Netherlands
April 25: Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
April 25: Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
April 25: Red army completely surrounds Berlin
April 25: U.S. and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on Elbe River
April 26: Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason
April 27: 2nd Republic of Austria forms
April 27: Italian partisans capture Mussolini prisoner
April 27: U.S. 5th army enters Genua
April 28: British commands attack Elbe and occupies Lauenburg
April 28: U.S. 5th army reaches Swiss border
April 29: 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
April 29: Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
April 29: Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed
April 29: U.S. liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany
April 29: Venice and Mestre were captured by the Allies
April 30: "Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
April 30: Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
April 30: Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks
April 30: Red Army occupies Demmin
April 30: Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
April 30: Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
April 30: U.S. troops attack the Elbe


May 1: 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide
May 1: Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
May 1: Australian and Dutch troops lands on Tarakan
May 1: General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
May 1: Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
May 1: Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
May 1: Soviet army reach Rostock
May 2: Allies occupy Wismar
May 2: Dutch Queen Wilhelmina and Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
May 2: German Army in Italy surrenders
May 2: Russia takes Berlin; General Weidling surrenders
May 2: Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
May 3: 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
May 3: Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
May 3: British troop join in Rangoon
May 3: German ship "Cap Arcona" sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed
May 4: German troops in Netherlands, Denmark and Norway surrender
May 5: Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated
May 5: Netherlands and Denmark liberated from Nazi control
May 5: Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated
May 5: Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague
May 6: General J. Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
May 7: British troops pull into Utrecht, Netherlands
May 7: Formal undertaking of complete German surrender
May 7: Mauthausen Concentration Camp liberated
May 7: Nazi generals Jodl and Von Friedenburg surrender
May 7: Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Netherlands
May 7: Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
May 7: SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
May 8: Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
May 8: Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
May 8: General Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov
May 8: V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe
May 9: Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
May 9: Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
May 9: New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier
May 9: Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
May 9: Victory celebration at Red Square
May 10: Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
May 10: Russian troops occupied Prague
May 11: U.S. Marines conquer Awatsha Draw Okinawa
May 13: U.S. troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
May 14: Kamikaze-Zero strikes U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise
May 14: U.S. offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered
May 16: Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon Okinawa
May 17: 2 U.S. P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
May 18: Tigers and A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
May 19: Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England and Australia Services
May 20: Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
May 21: Australia Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets
May 21: German war criminal Heinrich Himmler captured
May 21: Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart wed
May 22: 6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
May 22: NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen attempts and fails at suicide
May 23: British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
May 23: German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
May 23: Lord Haw-Haw arrested at Danish boundary
May 23: Winston Churchill resigns as British Prime Minister
May 25: Arthur C. Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
May 26: U.S. drops fire bombs on Tokyo
May 29: U.S. 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri-castle Okinawa


June 1: WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minnesota changes call letters to KUOM
June 4: 6th Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
June 4: U.S., Russia, England and France agree to split occupied Germany
June 5: Opera "Peter Grimes of Benjamin Britten," premieres in London
June 5: U.S., U.K., U.S.S.R., France declare supreme authority over Germany
June 6: "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
June 9: 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop, Jr. wins in 2:07
June 9: Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North, Borneo
June 9: Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him
June 9: "Gruesome Twosome," premieres in USA
June 10: U.S. destroyer William D. Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
June 12: U.S. 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
June 13: Heerjansdam soccer team forms
June 13: Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
June 15: ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
June 15: Dutch political party ANJV forms
June 16: 71st Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
June 16: Boo Ferriss loses to Yankees 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
June 17: Day of Unity in West Germany, National Day
June 18: William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) British radio traitor charged with treason
June 21: U.S. defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II
June 23: 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
June 23: Last organized Japanese defiance broken, Tarakan
June 24: Schermerhorn government forms
June 25: Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
June 25: Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
June 26: England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs
June 26: U.N. Charter signed by 50 nations in SF
June 27: Foundation 1940-45 established
June 28: Polish Provisional Government of National Unity set up by Soviets
June 29: 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
June 29: Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, becomes part of Ukrainian SSR
June 30: 17-day newspaper strike in New York begins


July 1: 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
July 1: 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
July 1: Allies troop land on Balikpapan
July 5: Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
July 6: Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to formally accept United Nations Charter
July 6: President Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
July 6: Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
July 10: Lieutenant Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of U.S. Navy staff
July 12: Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
July 13: 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico
July 14: Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st U.S. ship to bombard Japan
July 15: 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton, Ohio
July 16: 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
July 16: Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
July 16: Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
July 17: Potsdam Conference (FDR, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting
July 19: Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
July 19: USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
July 21: Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
July 23: Marshal Henri Petain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
July 24: U.S. destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
July 26: After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes PM
July 26: Declaration of Potsdam: US/Brit/China demands Japanese surrender
July 26: Japanese government disregards U.S. ultimatum
July 26: U.S. cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb
July 26: Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister
July 27: Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from New York Yankees
July 27: U.S. Communist Party forms
July 28: Airplane crashes into the Empire State Building
July 28: Japanese premier Suzuki disregards U.S. ultimatum to surrender
July 28: U.S. Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Building, 14 die
July 28: U.S. Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2
July 29: After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine
July 30: Philippines Sea: U.S. cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die


August 1: Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
August 1: Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th home run (joins Babe Ruth and Jimmy Foxx)
August 1: SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld
August 2: Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman and Churchill
August 4: Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
August 4: Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)
August 5: Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
August 6: Hiroshima Peace Day-atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima by "Enola Gay"
August 6: Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
August 8: England and Australia Services draw 4th Victory Test
August 8: President Harry S. Truman signs United Nations Charter
August 8: U.S., U.S.S.R., England and France sign Treaty of London
August 8: U.S.S.R. declares war against Japan in WW II
August 8: U.S.S.R. establishes a communist government in North Korea
August 9: U.S. drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
August 10: Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
August 11: Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
August 13: 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia
August 14: V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II
August 15: A riot ensued in San Francisco while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
August 15: Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
August 15: South Korea liberated from Japanese rule
August 15: U.S. wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ends
August 17: Indonesia (Dutch E Indies) declares independence from Netherlands
August 17: Koreas divided on 38th parallel with U.S. occupying the southern area
August 18: Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds and Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
August 19: Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds and wins
August 20: Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a home run
August 20: Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
August 20: Russian troops occupy Harbin and Mukden
August 20: Tommy Brown, Brooklyn Dodger becomes youngest home run hitter (17)
August 21: President Truman ends Lend-Lease program
August 22: Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Australia Services at Old Trafford
August 22: England defeat Australia Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket
August 22: Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More," premieres in London
August 22: Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
August 24: Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy and strike out 12
August 25: Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
August 26: Japanese diplomats board Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II
August 27: U.S. troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
August 29: British liberate Hong Kong from Japan
August 29: General MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan
August 30: 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
August 30: Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony
August 30: General MacArthur lands in Japan
August 30: Hong Kong liberated from Japan


September 1: Japan surrenders ending WW II (U.S. date, 9/2 in Japan)
September 1: Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season
September 2: 59th U.S. Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (36 86 64)
September 2: Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)
September 2: V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)
September 3: 65th U.S. Mens Tennis: Sergeant Frank A Parker beats Wm Talbert (14-12 61 62)
September 3: Japanese forces in Philippines surrender to Allies
September 4: Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded
September 4: U.S. regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
September 6: A's catcher George George punches ump Joe Rue gets suspended
September 6: "Mr Strauss Goes to Boston" opens at Century Theater New York City for 12 performances
September 7: Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
September 7: Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park home run, only home run hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
September 8: Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged
September 8: U.S. invades Japanese-held Korea
September 9: 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay and taped into the log
September 9: Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
September 9: Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th and final home run
September 9: Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St. Louis Brown, 1-0
September 10: KLS-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)
September 10: Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis
September 16: Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
September 18: 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana schools to protest integration
September 19: Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea
September 19: Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
September 20: German rocket engineers begin work in U.S.
September 22: Stan Musial gets 5 hits off 5 pitchers on 5 consecutive pitches
September 26: All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
September 28: Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
September 28: Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
September 29: Cubs clinch NL pennant
September 30: Hank Greenberg's final day home run wins pennant for Tigers


October 1: Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army
October 1: U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) disbands
October 3: Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance, he is 10
October 3: Tigers and Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time
October 3: World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
October 5: Indonesian army forms
October 5: "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
October 5: Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
October 6: General Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)
October 6: Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
October 6: Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of World Series and is escorted out, he casts goat curse on Cubs
October 7: Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
October 8: Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
October 9: British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
October 10: Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series
October 11: Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Tse-Tung
October 11: JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
October 14: Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
October 15: Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
October 16: UN's Food and Agriculture Organization comes into existence
October 18: Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg
October 18: Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing and acting achievements
October 20: Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Neurenberg
October 21: Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time
October 23: Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract
October 24: France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
October 24: U.N. charter comes into effect
October 25: Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek
October 27: 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
October 27: "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 36 performances
October 29: 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented
October 29: Happy Chandler, resigns as U.S. Senator, remains as baseball commish
October 30: Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
October 30: U.S. government announces end of shoe rationing


November 1: 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H. Johnson
November 3: Lindsay Hassett scores 187 and 124* for Australia Services at Delhi
November 6: HUAC begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
November 8: "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City for 12 performances
November 8: Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
November 10: "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater New York City for 264 performances
November 10: College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0
November 10: General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
November 10: Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald liberated by U.S.
November 12: Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
November 13: Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
November 14: H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union," premieres in New York City
November 14: Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
November 15: The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of
November 16: Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st U.S. Jewish College
November 17: "Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 12 performances
November 17: New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF
November 18: Arnold Schonberg's Prelude for orchestra and mixed choir, premieres
November 20: 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
November 20: Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres
November 20: Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague
November 21: Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C, premieres
November 21: General Motors workers go on strike
November 22: "Day before Spring" opens at National Theater New York City for 167 performances
November 22: Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record)
November 23: Most U.S. wartime rationing of foods, including meat and butter, ends
November 26: During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)
November 27: Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
November 27: General George C. Marshall named special U.S. envoy to China
November 27: Hannie Buy buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
November 27: Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins
November 28: Australia Services draw second Victory Test Cricket vs. India at Calcutta
November 29: Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
November 30: 33rd CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 35-0


December 1: CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg, 35-0 at Toronto
December 4: 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB)
December 4: Senate approves U.S. participation in UN
December 5: "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
December 5: Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
December 7: Microwave oven patented
December 10: Australia Services lose 3rd Victory Test Cricket to India by 6 wkts
December 10: Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car
December 11: Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
December 12: Special Court of justice convicts NSB-leader Mussert to death
December 14: Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl," premieres in New York City
December 15: John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
December 16: Cleveland Rams win NFL championship
December 18: Uruguay joins UN
December 19: Austrian Republic re-establishes
December 19: Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot," premieres in Paris
December 20: Rationg of auto tires ends in US
December 21: "Billion Dollar Baby" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 219 performances
December 21: Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby," premieres in New York City
December 22: Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
December 23: Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
December 23: Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
December 27: Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave," premieres in New York City
December 27: International Monetary Fund established - World Bank founded
December 28: Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance
December 31: Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA vs. Australia Services
December 31: Ratification of United Nations Charter completed
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