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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1941 AD

January

January 1: Netherlands begins taxing wages
January 1: Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff
January 3: Canada and U.S. acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
January 3: Italian counter offensive in Albania
January 3: Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia
January 4: Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
January 4: Sergey Rachmaninov's "Symphonie Dances," premieres in Philadelphia
January 5: British/Australian troops conquer Bardia Lybia
January 6: FDR's "4 Freedoms" speech (speech, worship, from want and from fear)
January 8: British Air Marshal Richard Peirse resigns
January 9: 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest Romania
January 9: Maiden flight by Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
January 10: Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic and Old Lace," premieres in New York City
January 10: Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
January 11: Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton
January 16: U.S. Vice Admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor
January 16: War Department forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
January 19: British offensive in Eritrea
January 19: British troops occupies Kassalaf Sudan
January 20: Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in New York City
January 21: 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
January 21: 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
January 21: Australia and Britain attack Tobruk Libya
January 21: British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
January 22: 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
January 22: British/Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
January 23: Ground breaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
January 23: WOR-AM in Newark New Jersey moves to New York City
January 24: British troops march into Abyssinia
January 27: Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
January 30: Australian troops conquer Derna Libya
January 31: 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)
January 31: Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands
January 31: Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

February

February 1: U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
February 1: U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
February 3: Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage and Hour law, sets minimum wages and max hours
February 4: British tanks occupy Maus Libya
February 4: Former Dutch premier De Geer flies to Berlin
February 4: United Service Organization, USO, founded
February 5: Dutch Premier De Geer returns from Lisbon to Netherlands
February 6: Auke Adema wins 6th official Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race (9:19)
February 6: Battle of Beda Fomm: Italian 10th army destroyed
February 6: British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
February 7: Frank Sinatra and Tommy Dorsey Orchestra record "Everything Happens to Me"
February 8: Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore
February 8: NSB'er Max Blokzijl begins nazi propaganda on Dutch radio
February 9: British troops conquer El Agheila
February 9: Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish cafe Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
February 10: 1st highway post office makes 1st trip, Wash, DC-Harrisonburg, VA
February 10: Anti-nazi "Het Parool" begins publishing in Netherlands
February 11: Lieutenant-general Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
February 11: Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
February 12: Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms, under Ascher/Cohen
February 12: Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
February 13: Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council
February 14: 1,000,000th vehicle traverses the New York Midtown Tunnel
February 14: Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published
February 14: Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
February 14: German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya
February 15: Duke Ellington 1st records "Take the A Train"
February 17: Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
February 19: Nazi police attacks and driven away from Koco Amsterdam by young Jews
February 19: Nazi raid Amsterdam and round up 429 young Jews for deportation
February 20: 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk, Poland
February 20: Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
February 20: Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
February 21: U.S. Senate accepts Omar Bradley's demotion to Brigadier-General
February 22: Arthur T "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
February 22: German assault on El Agheila Libya
February 22: IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp
February 22: Nazi SS begin rounding up Jews of Amsterdam
February 22: Paul Creston's 1st Symphony, premieres
February 22: Roy Harris' "Ballad of a Railroad Man," premieres
February 24: 43 Geuzen resistance fighter trial opens in the Hague
February 24: Anti nazi meeting at Noordermarkt Amsterdam
February 25: Boston Bruins set NHL record of 23-game unbeaten streak (15-0-8)
February 25: February strike against persecution of Jews, in Amsterdam
February 26: 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
February 26: Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized, California
February 26: Utrecht and Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
February 26: Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
February 28: 39 U Boats (197,000 ton) sunk this month
February 28: British-Italian dogfight above Albania

March

March 1: 1st U.S. commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
March 1: "Captain America" appears in a comic book
March 1: Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
March 1: German troops invade Bulgaria
March 1: Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
March 3: Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Goring in Berlin
March 4: 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague
March 4: NHL Chicago goalie Samuel LoPresti stops record 80 of 83 Boston shots
March 4: Serbian Prince Paul visits Hitler
March 7: 3rd largest snowfall in New York City history (18.1")
March 7: 50,000 British soldiers lands in Greece
March 7: British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
March 8: 1st baseball player drafted into WW II (Hugh Mulcahy, Phillies)
March 10: Lee MacPhail, Dodger General Manager predicts all players will wear batting helmets
March 11: Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ
March 11: Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Lend-Lease Bill to lend money to Britain
March 12: German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
March 13: A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
March 14: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
March 14: Xavier Cugat and Orchestra record "Babalu"
March 15: Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151
March 16: Blizzard hits North Dakota and Minnesota killing 60
March 16: Dmitri Shostakovich receives the Stalin Prize
March 16: National Gallery of Art opens in Washington D.C.
March 17: National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. opens
March 19: Jimmy Dorsey and Orchestra record "Green Eyes" and "Maria Elena"
March 20: Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
March 21: Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
March 22: Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation
March 24: British troops defeat British Somalia
March 24: German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
March 24: Glenn Miller begins work on his 1st movie for 20th Century Fox
March 24: LIU beats Ohio U 56-42 for NIT basketball championship
March 24: Richard Wright and Paul Green's "Native Son," premieres in New York City
March 25: Carolina Paprika Mills in Dillon South Carolina, incorporated
March 27: Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to U.S. for 99 years
March 27: Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)
March 27: Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
March 28: Sea battle at Cape Matapan: British fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
March 29: 1st performance of Benjamin Britten's "Symphony da Requiem"
March 29: 3rd NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Wisconsin beats Washington State 39-34
March 29: WPAT radio in New Jersey begins broadcasting (country music format)
March 30: German counter offensive in North-Africa
March 31: Germany begins a counter offensive in Africa
March 31: Ground broken for Union Square Garage, San Francisco

April

April 1: Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine," premieres in New York City
April 1: Navy takes over Treasure Island, in San Francisco Bay
April 1: Nazi's forbid Jews access to cafes
April 1: Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
April 2: USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from SF
April 3: Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
April 3: Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
April 3: Waltons overture "Scapino," premieres in Chicago
April 4: German troops conquer Banghazi
April 5: In San Francisco, Castro and Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
April 6: 8th Golf Masters Championship: Craig Wood wins, shooting a 280
April 6: Begin oper Bestrafung-Germany bomb attacks Belgrade (17,000 die)
April 6: British general Gambier-Parry caught in North Africa
April 6: German bombardment on Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
April 6: Italian held Addis Ababa surrenders to British and Ethiopian forces
April 7: British generals O'Connor and Neame captured in North Africa
April 8: Joe Louis TKOs Tony Musto in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
April 9: PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
April 10: German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica
April 11: Germany blitzes Conventry, England
April 11: Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
April 11: Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
April 12: Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
April 12: Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalan consults with Hitler
April 13: Heavy German assault on Tobruk
April 13: Russian-Japan no-attack treaty goes into effect
April 14: 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
April 14: King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
April 15: 1st helicopter flight of 1 hour duration, Stratford, Connecticut
April 16: Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
April 17: British troop land in Iraq/Yugoslavia; surrender to nazis
April 17: Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)
April 19: 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38
April 19: B Brecht's "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder," premieres in Zurich
April 19: Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
April 19: Milk rationed in Holland
April 20: 100 German bombers attack Athens
April 20: Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
April 21: Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
April 23: Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt
April 24: British army begins evacuation of Greece
April 24: Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
April 25: Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
April 26: A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium for the Chicago Cubs
April 26: Potatoes rationed in Holland
April 27: German troops occupy Athens Greece
April 28: Last British troops in Greece surrenders
April 30: Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia

May

May 1: "Citizen Kane," directed and starring Orson Welles, premieres in New York
May 1: General Mills introduces Cheerios
May 1: German assault on Tobruk
May 2: FCC approves regular scheduled coml TV broadcasts to begin July 1
May 2: Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler's deputy
May 2: Nazi occupied Netherlands layoff Jewish journalists
May 2: Ted Williams lowest average (.308) in year he hit over .400
May 3: 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 2:01.4
May 3: German air raid on Liverpool
May 5: 2 Fokker's employees flee nazi occupied Netherlands to England
May 5: Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa
May 5: Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)
May 6: Joseph Stalin became premier of Russia
May 7: British House of Commons votes for Churchill (477-3)
May 7: Cornerstone of B of A building at 300 Montgomery laid
May 7: Glenn Miller records "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA
May 8: German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean
May 9: English Army breaks German spy codes
May 10: 67th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway wins in 1:58.8
May 10: Adolph Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland
May 10: England's House of Commons and Holborn Theater destroyed in a blitz
May 10: Queen Wilhelmina on Radio Orange warns against treason
May 11: 1st Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England
May 12: Great British convoy marches into Alexandria
May 13: Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Party Chancellery in Germany
May 13: Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
May 13: Willy Lewis' U.S. jazz band performs in Switzerland
May 14: 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
May 15: 1st British turbojet flies
May 15: British attack Halfaya-pass and Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
May 15: Joe DiMaggio starts 56-game hitting streak; Yankees lose 13-1
May 15: Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid Jewish music
May 16: 1st U.S. radio performance of Bennett's "Symphony in D for the Dodgers"
May 16: Germans made their last major air attack on Britain
May 16: Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi Ethiopia
May 16: Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
May 16: Nazis forbid Dutch Organization of Actors (NOT)
May 17: Pennsylvania declares legal holiday to honor A's manager Connie Mack
May 18: Italian army under general Aosta surrenders to Britain in Ethiopia
May 18: Jewish veterans honor their dead
May 19: Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
May 19: New nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
May 20: Archer's "Christian Calendar and Gregorian Reform" published
May 20: Former Dutch Prime Minister Colijn says Netherlands Indies not ready for independence
May 20: Germany invades Crete
May 20: White Sox Taft Wright sets AL record of RBIs in 13 consecutive games
May 21: 1st U.S. ship sunk by a U-boat (SS Robin Moore)
May 21: German airforce occupies airport at Maleme Kreta
May 21: Singer Johan Heesters visits Dachau concentration camp
May 22: British troops attack Baghdad
May 23: Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
May 23: Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
May 24: Bismarck sinks British battle cruiser HMS Hood, 1,416 die 3 survive
May 25: 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India
May 25: Ted Williams raises his batting avg over .400 for 1st time in 1941
May 26: American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia
May 26: Ark Royal airplane sights German battleship Bismarck
May 26: German occupiers begin youth labor
May 27: Allied troops begin evacuating Kreta
May 27: Franklin D. Roosevelt declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
May 27: German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
May 28: 1st night game at Washington D.C., Griffith stadium (Yankees 6, Senators 5)
May 28: British army begins evacuation of Kreta
May 28: New York Yankees nip Washington Senators 6-5 in 1st night game at Griffith Stadium
May 30: 1st anti semitic measures in Serbia
May 30: English Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
May 30: German capture Kreta
May 31: 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
May 31: 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
May 31: British troops vacate Kreta
May 31: German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach and swimming pools

June

June 1: 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, Burlington Kansas (state 24-hour record)
June 1: British troops occupy Bagdad Iraq
June 1: Germany bans all Catholic publications
June 1: Germany occupies Kreta
June 1: New York Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th home run and his 1,500th RBI
June 3: Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
June 3: Author Irving Wallace marries writer Sylvia Kahn
June 3: German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
June 4: Rep of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z
June 5: Sandor Szabo beats B Nagurski in St. Louis, to become wrestling champ
June 6: 1st Navy vessel constructed as mine layer Terror launched
June 6: Giants use plastic batting helmets for 1st time
June 7: 45th U.S. Golf Open: Craig Wood shoots a 284 at Colonial Club Ft. Worth
June 7: 73rd Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway win in 2:31, triple crown
June 8: English and French troop overthrow pro-German Syria
June 9: Ammunition plant at Fort Smederovo in Belgrade explodes; kills 1,500
June 9: Archbishop De Young bans priest cooperation on Rijks radio
June 11: 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
June 11: Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews
June 14: Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia
June 14: Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) Wichita, Kansas
June 16: 1st U.S. federally owned airport opened Washington D.C.
June 18: Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
June 18: Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
June 19: Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal
June 19: Romania orders Jews to evacuate Darabani
June 19: U.S. president Roosevelt signs Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act
June 20: German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on U.S. battleship Texas
June 21: 2nd French troops occupies Damascus Syria
June 21: After winning 20 straight at Fenway, Lefty Grove loses to Browns
June 22: Estonians starts armed resistance against Soviet occupation
June 22: Germany attacks the Soviet Union and occupies the Baltic states
June 22: Germany, Italy and Romania declares war on Soviet Union during WW II
June 22: Michael Gerasimov opens grave of Tamerlan "Lenk"
June 23: Germany occupies Telz Lithuana
June 24: Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy Lithuania, exterminated
June 24: Germans advanced into Russia and took Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
June 25: Fair Employment Practices Commission established
June 25: Finland declares war on Soviet Union
June 25: Franklin D. Roosevelt issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination
June 25: Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
June 25: Russian counter attack at Rovno
June 26: Finland enters WW II against Russia
June 26: Lithuanian fascist massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
June 27: Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
June 27: Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
June 28: German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
June 28: German troops occupy Galicia Poland
June 29: DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record
June 30: 61 U-boats (310,000 ton) sunk this month
June 30: Pro-nazi group declares Ukraine independence

July

July 1: 1st coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) and WCBW (CBS), New York City
July 1: Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
July 1: Joe Dimaggio on way to 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game hit streak
July 1: WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, New York (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 1: WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in New York City (NBC) begins broadcasting
July 2: DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
July 2: Earthquake hits Palestine
July 2: Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
July 2: Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit," premieres in London
July 4: Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin
July 4: Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
July 4: Politburo of Yugoslav Communist Party reorganizes
July 5: German occupiers disband political parties
July 6: New York Yankees unveil a monument to Lou Gehrig in centerfield
July 7: Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
July 7: U.S. forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
July 8: 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
July 8: All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
July 11: German troops attack Dnjepr
July 13: 24th PGA Championship: Vic Ghezzi at Cherry Hills CC Denver
July 13: Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of ump Ray Snyder
July 14: 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
July 14: Cease fire of Joan of Arc, ends combat in Lebanon and Syria
July 14: Jam rationed in Holland
July 15: Florey and Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures, Penicillin
July 16: 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash
July 16: Joe Dimaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
July 17: New York Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland
July 18: SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
July 19: 1st U.S. Army flying school for black cadets dedicated
July 19: BBC World Service begins playing V(ictory) (...-) 5th of Beethoven
July 19: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his "V for Victory" campaign
July 19: President Roosevelt appointed FEP Committee
July 20: Yankees beat Tigers 12-6 in 17
July 21: 200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine
July 21: Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp
July 24: Franklin D. Roosevelt demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China
July 24: Nazi execute entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
July 24: Red Sox Lefty Grove, 41, wins his 300th game
July 25: Franklin D. Roosevelt bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan
July 25: Red Sox Lefty Grove becomes 12th to win 300 games (his last victory)
July 26: 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
July 26: "Camp Amersfoort" opened by Germany occupiers
July 26: U.S. embargo on oil-export to Japan
July 27: 103 degrees F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
July 27: German army enters Ukraine
July 27: Japanese forces land in Indo-China
July 30: German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU and SGP in Netherlands
July 31: U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton

August

August 1: Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
August 1: New York Yankee Lefty Gomez walks most (11) in a shutout (Yankees 9, St. L 0)
August 2: German 11st Army surrounds 20 Russian divisions at Oeman
August 2: Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
August 3: Benzine sales limited in U.S.
August 3: Browns pitcher Johnny Niggling gets Joe DiMaggio in 4 at bats to stop DiMaggio's streak of 74 games in reaching base
August 3: Gas sales limited in U.S.
August 3: German troops conquer Roslavl U.S.S.R.
August 4: Dodger Mickey Owens is 1st to catch 3 foul flies in an inning (3rd)
August 4: Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to U.S.
August 6: Detroit pitcher Al Benton is 1st to collect 2 sacrifices in an inning
August 7: 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
August 8: 20 divisions of Russian 6th/12th Army surrender at Oeman
August 9: Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for 1st talk with FDR
August 10: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia Newfoundland
August 11: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill sign Atlantic Charter
August 12: French Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany
August 13: Red army evacuates Smolensk
August 14: Atlantic Charter signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill
August 15: Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
August 17: German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan
August 18: Concentration camp Amersfoort opens
August 18: Phillies commit 8 errors in a game
August 19: Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
August 20: Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
August 22: Nazi troops reach Lenningrad
August 25: English and Russian troops attack pro-German Iran
August 25: German troops conquer Nowgorod, Leningrad
August 27: Shah of Iran abdicates throne to his son Reza Pahlawi
August 28: 8th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 37, All-Stars 13 (98,203)
August 28: Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
August 29: German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children
August 30: Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
August 30: St. Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 2-0
August 31: 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
August 31: Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC

September

September 1: Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow Jewish star
September 2: Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
September 3: 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
September 3: KYW TV channel 3 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 4: New York Yankees, win earliest AL pennent (full season)
September 4: U.S. destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
September 4: Yankees beat Red Sox 6-3 and clinch their 12th and earliest pennant
September 6: 55th U.S. Womens Tennis: Sarah H Cooke beats Pauline Betz Addie (75 62)
September 6: 61st U.S. Mens Tennis: Robert L Riggs beats F Kovacs (2d 57 61 63 63)
September 6: All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
September 6: Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto
September 7: 61st U.S. Mens Tennis: R L Riggs beats Francis Kovacs (2d 57 61 63 63)
September 8: Blockade of Leningrad (St. Petersburg) by Germany begins
September 8: Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania is exterminated
September 11: Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels
September 11: Charles Lindbergh, charges "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get U.S. into WW II
September 11: Franklin D. Roosevelt orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot on sight
September 12: 1st German ship in WW II captured by U.S. ship (Busko)
September 15: Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil Lithuania
September 16: German armour troops surround Kiev Ukraine
September 16: Hitler orders for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavian be killed
September 16: Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
September 17: Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4
September 19: 1st meeting of partizans Tito and Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
September 19: German army conquerors Kiev
September 19: Nazi's force German Jews, 6 and over to wear Jewish stars
September 21: U.S. launches its 1st Liberty-ship, "Patrick Henry"
September 22: British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
September 23: General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
September 23: German air raid on Russian naval base Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
September 24: 9 Allied governments pledged adherence to Atlantic Charter
September 24: Bomb explosion in German headquarter in Hotel Continental in Kiev
September 25: Brooklyn Dodgers win their 1st pennant in 21 years
September 26: Nazi's slaughter about 34,000 Jews of Kiev
September 27: 1st WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
September 28: Phillies lose club record 111th game
September 28: Ted Williams ended the baseball season with .406 batting avg
September 29: Joe Louis TKOs Lou Nova in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
September 29: Million jam downtown Brooklyn to cheer NL champ Dodgers in a parade
September 29: Nazi mass murder at Babi Jar, Soviet Union
September 30: 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yarravine (near Kiev) Ukraine
September 30: 53 U-boats sunk this month (202,000 tons)
September 30: German assault on Moscow: operation-Taifun, begins

October

October 1: D Sjostakovitch plane evacuated in Moscow
October 1: H Martin/R Blanes musical "Best Foot Forward," premieres in New York City
October 1: Yankees beat Dodgers 3-2 at Yankee Stadium in opener of World Series
October 2: 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
October 2: Germans launch attack on Moscow
October 3: Adolf Hitler says Russia is "broken" and would "never rise again"
October 3: All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
October 3: Nazi's blow up 6 synagoges in Paris
October 5: Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike, Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely - would have been last out, instead Yankees score 4 and win 7-4
October 6: German army occupies Briansk, U.S.S.R.
October 6: New York Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1, in 38th World Series
October 7: German army occupies Viarma, U.S.S.R.
October 8: Concentration camp Birkenau begins being built
October 10: German U-boat torpedoes U.S. destroyer Kearney
October 11: 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
October 12: Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
October 14: 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk and Riga
October 15: 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe
October 15: Japan Tojo regime forms
October 15: Jews caught outside Polish Ghetto walls could be put to death
October 16: Germany advances within 60 miles of Moscow
October 16: "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
October 16: Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa Russia
October 17: 1st U.S. destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
October 18: Spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
October 19: 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
October 20: Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
October 22: Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind," premieres in New York City
October 23: Walt Disney's "Dumbo" released
October 25: 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa, Ukraine
October 25: Germany attacks Moscow
October 25: Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia
October 26: 2nd meeting partisans Tito and Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
October 26: U.S. savings bonds go on sale
October 27: Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
October 27: Nazi's directs gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
October 29: Cole Porters musical "Let's Face It," premieres in New York City
October 30: USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though U.S. is not in war
October 31: 13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton)
October 31: Mount Rushmore is completed
October 31: Prior to U.S. in WW II, Germany torpedoes U.S. destroyer Reuben James

November

November 1: Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia
November 1: Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima arrive in Pearl Harbor
November 2: German troops occupy Rostov
November 3: Hirohiti's accord on Yamamoto's attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails
November 5: Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima leave Pearl Harbor
November 6: Einsatz group kills 15,000 Jews of Rovno Ukraine
November 6: Japanese fleet readies assault on Pearl Harbor
November 6: USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
November 7: British air attack on Berlin, Mannheim and Ruhrgebied
November 9: Hitler threatens bishop Clemens earl von Galen of Munster
November 11: Czechoslovakian premier general Eliasj arrested by nazis
November 12: Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
November 12: WOV-AM and WNEW-AM in New York City swaps call letters
November 13: British aircraft carrier "Ark Royal" sank in Mediterranean
November 13: German Abweht consults with Chetnikleider Draza Mihailovic
November 14: Governor-General Wouters of Dutch Antilles refuses Jews refugees
November 15: Cow Palace opens in San Francisco
November 15: Yugoslav government in exile names Draza Mihailovic premier
November 16: German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)
November 17: Virgil Thomson's 2nd Symphony, premieres
November 18: British troops open attack on Tobruk, North-Africa
November 18: Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss," premieres in New York City
November 18: Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia
November 20: Admiral Nomura and Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
November 20: German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia
November 22: British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Atlantis
November 22: New Zealand troops conquer Ft. Capuzzo Libya
November 23: German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
November 24: Indian infantry attacks German tanks at Sidi Omar
November 24: "Life Certificates" issued to some Jews of Vilna, rest exterminated
November 24: U.S. troops land on Suriname to protect bauxite mine
November 25: German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)
November 25: Lou Boudreau, 24, becomes Cleveland Indians player/manager
November 26: Amateur tennis champ Bobby Riggs turns pro
November 26: British North African commandant General Cunningham lay-offs
November 26: British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh and El Duda
November 26: Japanese carrier force left its base and moves east toward Pearl Harbor
November 26: Lebanon gains independence from France
November 27: British 13th Army corp reaches Tobruk
November 27: Joe DiMaggio is named AL MVP
November 27: U.S.S.R. begins a counter offensive causes Germany to retreat
November 28: German troops vacate Rostov
November 29: 29th CFL Grey Cup: Winn Blue Bombers defeat Ottawa Rough Riders, 18-16
November 29: Passenger ship Lurline sends radio signal of sighting Japanese war fleet
November 30: 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes it's last run
November 30: 13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton)
November 30: Japanese Emperor Hirohito consults with admirals Shimada and Nagano

December

December 1: British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
December 1: Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
December 1: Last day of first-class cricket in Australia for 4 years
December 1: U.S. Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
December 2: Largest roller skating rink (outside of New York City) opens in Peekskill NY
December 2: Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul
December 2: New York Giants name Mel Ott as player-manager, replacing Bill Terry
December 2: Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor
December 3: Hitler views Poltava Ukraine
December 4: Nazi ordinances places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
December 5: Football Writers Association of America organized
December 5: Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street," premieres in New York City
December 5: Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army
December 5: Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
December 5: U.S. aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
December 6: Dutch and British pilots see Japanese invasion fleet at Singapore
December 6: King Leopold of Belgium marries Lilian Baels
December 6: New York City Council agrees to build Idlewild (Kennedy) Airport in Queens
December 7: 1st Japanese submarine sunk by a U.S. ship (USS Ward)
December 7: Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
December 7: Futshida's air fleet passes coastline of Oahu
December 7: German siege of Tobruk after 8 months ends
December 7: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor, a date that will live in infamy
December 7: Nacht and Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
December 8: Destruction Camp Chelmo opens
December 8: London: Dutch government declares Japan the war
December 8: Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
December 8: SF 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
December 8: U.S. and Britain declare war on Japan, U.S. enters WW II
December 9: 1st U.S. WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines
December 9: 300 Montgomery, San Francisco opens as new Bank of America HQ
December 9: 7th Heisman Trophy Award: Bruce Smith, Minnesota (HB)
December 9: China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy
December 9: Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"
December 9: Hitler orders U.S. ships torpedoed
December 10: British battleship Prince of Wales sinks off Singapore
December 10: Japanese troops landed on northern Luzon in the Philippines
December 10: Japanese troops overrun Guam
December 11: Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
December 11: Germany and Italy declare war on US
December 11: Giants acquire Johnny Mize from Cards for 3 players and $50,000
December 11: Japanese attack Wake Island (only failed WW II-landing)
December 11: Japanese occupy Guam
December 12: European reservists on Java mobilizes
December 12: German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
December 12: Russian 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
December 13: German occupiers forbid National Front and Netherland Union
December 13: Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
December 13: U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier Ark Royal
December 14: 1st NFL division playoff, Bears beat Packers 33-14
December 14: Premier Winston Churchill travels to U.S. on board HMS Duke of York
December 14: U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
December 15: Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland
December 15: German submarine U-127 sinks
December 15: North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing
December 15: USS Swordfish becomes 1st U.S. submarine to sink a Japanese ship
December 16: Sarawak occupied by Japanese
December 17: Dutch and Australian troops lands on Portuguese-Timor
December 17: German submarine U-31 sunk
December 17: German troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa
December 18: German submarine U-434 sinks
December 18: Japanse troops land on Hong Kong
December 19: German submarine U-574 sinks
December 19: Hitler takes complete command of German Army
December 19: U.S. Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II
December 20: Free France under Admiral Muselier occupies St-Pierre et Miquelon
December 20: Japanese troops lands on Mindanao
December 21: Chicago Bears Ray McLean makes last NFL drop kick for an extra point
December 21: Chicago bears win the NFL championship
December 21: David Diamond's 1st Symphony, premieres
December 21: German submarine U-567 sinks
December 21: Last NFL drop kick for an extra point (Ray McLean, Chicago Bears)
December 22: Japans invasion leader lands on Luzon, Philippines
December 22: Tito establishes 1st Proletarian Brigade in Yugoslavia
December 22: Winston Churchill arrives in Washington for a wartime conference
December 23: American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
December 23: British troops overrun Benghazi Libya
December 23: Japan begins assault on Rangoon Burma
December 24: 1st ships of Admiral Nagumo's Pearl Harbor fleet return to Japan
December 25: Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
December 25: Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan
December 26: Winston Churchill becomes 1st British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"
December 27: Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"
December 27: Siberia: Dmitri Sjostakovitsj completes his 7th Symphony
December 28: State of siege goes into effect in Bohemia/Moravia
December 30: Al Capone's son Sonny marries in Miami Beach
December 30: Nazibezetters oblige artsen member to become of Artsenkamer
December 30: Nazis require Dutch physicians to join Nazi organization
December 30: Winston Churchill addresses Canadian parliament
December 31: Young Park (2) in the Bronx named in honor of Samuel Young
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