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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1937 AD


January 1: Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
January 1: Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
January 1: U.S. Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
January 5: Fingleton and Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt
January 5: Only unicameral state legislature in U.S. opens 1st session (Nebr)
January 6: Bradman scores 270 Australia vs. England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
January 8: -50 degrees F (-45.6 degrees C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
January 9: Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians
January 9: Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in New York City
January 12: Plow for laying submarine cable patented
January 19: Cy Young, Tris Speaker and Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
January 19: Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
January 20: 1st Inauguration day on Jan 20th, (held every 4th years there-after)
January 20: -45 degrees F (-43 degrees C), Boca, California (state record)
January 23: Karl Radek and 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
January 25: 1st broadcast of Soap Opera "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
January 25: Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
January 30: 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov and 16 others sentenced to death


February 1: Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
February 3: Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket vs. England
February 4: Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games
February 5: 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released
February 5: Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed
February 6: K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-U.S. female lawyer
February 8: Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings," premieres in New York City
February 10: Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
February 11: 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint, Michigan ends
February 12: Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
February 13: Bradman scores 123 SA vs. Queensland, 165 minutes, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
February 13: Maribel Vinson wins her 9th U.S. figure skating championship
February 13: NFL Boston Redskins move to Washington D.C.
February 13: "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
February 13: U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
February 13: U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
February 16: DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
February 16: Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
February 20: 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
February 24: 1st U.S. group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington, D.C.
February 26: C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
February 27: Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket vs. England in 223 minutes


March 1: 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Connecticut)
March 1: Governer Wouters inaugurates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
March 1: U.S. Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
March 2: Mexico nationalizes oil
March 3: Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
March 7: Bucharin, Jagoda and Rykov pushed out of CPSU in U.S.S.R.
March 14: Battle of the Century: Fred Allen and Jack Benny meet on radio
March 14: Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
March 15: 1st blood bank forms (Chicago, Illinois)
March 15: 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh North Carolina)
March 16: All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors and sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
March 18: Gas explosion in school in New London Texas: 294 die
March 19: Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
March 20: Franco-offensive at Guadalajara Spain
March 21: Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
March 23: Los Angeles Railway Co. starts using PCC streetcars
March 24: Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
March 24: National Gallery of Art established by Congress
March 25: It's revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads
March 25: Italy and Yugoslavia sign no-attack treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
March 25: Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
March 25: Washington Daily News is 1st U.S. newspaper with perfumed advertising page
March 26: Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice and replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
March 26: Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
March 26: William H. Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
March 27: Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam


April 1: Aden becomes British crown colony
April 4: 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
April 15: Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat New York Rangers, 3 games to 2
April 17: Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd and Petunia Pig, debut
April 19: 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
April 22: New York City college students stage 4th annual peace strike
April 26: German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
April 27: U.S. Social Security system makes its 1st benefit payment
April 28: 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (New York City)
April 28: 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
April 30: General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth


May 1: Franklin D. Roosevelt signs act of neutrality
May 3: Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
May 6: Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey (36 die)
May 8: 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
May 9: Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
May 10: Busmen strike in London
May 12: George VI crowned King of England
May 12: St. Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
May 15: 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
May 17: Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
May 19: John Murray/Allen Boretz' "Room Service," premieres in New York City
May 25: 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to New York
May 26: Dutch Rail NV at law forms
May 26: San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens
May 27: Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
May 27: Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, dedicated
May 28: Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic
May 28: Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of England
May 30: 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA
May 30: 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
May 30: Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
May 30: Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
May 30: Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
May 31: 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
May 31: Brooklyn Dodgers snap New York Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
May 31: German battleships bomb Almeria, Spain


June 1: Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St. Louis Browns, 8-0
June 1: Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
June 3: Duke of Windsor (Edward 8) weds Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson in France
June 3: Josh Gibson home run just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium, 580' drive
June 4: Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
June 5: 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
June 5: Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week
June 6: Phillies trailing 8-2 to St. Louis, forfeit game
June 8: World's largest flower blooms in New York Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
June 11: Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
June 12: 41st U.S. Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills, Michigan
June 12: U.S.S.R. executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues
June 13: Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive home runs against St. Louis Browns
June 13: Stalin executes Rus officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna and Uberevitch
June 16: Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
June 17: Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in New York
June 19: Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
June 21: French People's front government-Blum falls
June 22: Joe Louis KOs James J. Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title
June 25: Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit home runs in a game
June 26: Test cricket debut of Len Hutton vs. New Zealand at Lord's, scores 0 and 1


July 1: Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
July 1: Reverend Martin Niemoller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
July 1: Spanish bishops support Franco and fascists
July 2: 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
July 2: Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
July 5: 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
July 5: Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game and 2 in 2nd game
July 5: Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
July 5: Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
July 7: 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
July 7: Japanese and Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), becomes WW II
July 10: Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
July 15: Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
July 15: Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
July 19: Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
July 19: Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
July 22: Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
July 22: Senate rejects Franklin D.. Roosevelt proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
July 23: Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
July 27: 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
July 28: Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
July 28: Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
July 29: Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
July 30: Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base and registers no put outs
July 31: Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians


August 5: Ranger (U.S.) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America's Cup
August 6: Franco-artillery fire on Madrid
August 6: Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
August 6: U.S. and U.S.S.R. sign trade treaty
August 8: Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
August 13: Japanese attack Shanghai
August 14: China declares war on Japan
August 14: Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St. Louis Browns
August 18: 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
August 24: Republican offensive near Belchite Spain
August 25: Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
August 26: Franco's troops conquer Santander
August 26: Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
August 27: Bkln Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
August 27: George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
August 29: Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
August 30: Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
August 31: Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for home runs of 18 home runs in August


September 1: 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
September 1: Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
September 2: U.S. Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
September 4: Doris Kopsky, becomes 1st NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4)
September 8: Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
September 8: Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6
September 10: 2nd American Football League plays 1st game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0)
September 10: Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0
September 11: 51st U.S. Womens Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (64 62)
September 11: 57th U.S. Mens Tennis: J D Budge beats G vs. Cramm (61 79 61 36 61)
September 15: WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to San Francisco Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)
September 17: 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat New York Giants 13-3
September 21: J R R Tolkien, publishes "Hobbit"
September 22: Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody Wyoming
September 23: Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
September 25: Battle of of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
September 25: "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
September 27: 1st Santa Claus Training School opens in Albion, New York
September 28: Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
September 28: Martha Raye divorces Bud Westmore
September 29: Frans Slaats bicycles world record time (45,563 km)
September 30: 6th Ryder Cup: U.S., 8-4 at Southport and Ainsdale, England


October 1: Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
October 2: Franklin D. Roosevelt visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
October 5: Minister Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
October 7: Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
October 10: New York Yankees beat Giants 4 games to 1 in 34th World Series
October 13: A recorded trace of snow in Central Park New York City
October 15: Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have and Have Not" published
October 15: Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yankees release Tony Lazzeri
October 21: Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres
October 21: Franco-troops occupies Gijon
October 25: Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
October 25: Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
October 31: Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona


November 2: AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP
November 3: Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km)
November 3: NHL Howie Morenz Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 6-5 in Mont
November 5: Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war
November 9: Japans army conquers Shanghai
November 9: St. Louis Cardinals Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP
November 10: Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"
November 11: Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
November 11: Nobel prize for physics awarded to C. J. Davisson and G. P. Thomson
November 13: NBC forms 1st full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio
November 15: 1st congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
November 17: Britains Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
November 21: Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad
November 23: Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy," premieres in New York City
November 23: Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier
November 23: John Steinbeck's "Of Mice and Men," premieres in New York City
November 25: World's fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
November 27: Pro-labor musical revue "Pins and Needles" opens, produced by ILGWU
November 29: Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
November 30: 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)


December 1: Japan recognizes Franco government
December 7: Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
December 7: Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams
December 7: Russian chess player Aljechin recaptures world title from Max Euwe
December 11: 25th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 30-7
December 11: Italy withdraws from League of Nations
December 12: Japanese aircraft shell and sink U.S. gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized and eventually paid U.S. $2.2M in reparations)
December 12: NBC and RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
December 12: Washington Redskins win NFL championship
December 14: Japanese troops conquer/plunder Nanjing
December 20: Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
December 21: 1st feature-length color and sound cartoon premieres (Snow White)
December 21: O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW vs. South Australia
December 22: Lincoln Tunnel, in New York City, opens to traffic
December 24: Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
December 25: Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
December 25: Queensland all out for 93 vs. SA in front of 10,436
December 27: Bradman scores 246 SA vs. Queensland, 364 minutes, 20 fours
December 27: German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany
December 27: Mae West performs Adam and Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio
December 28: Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania/begins spread of Judaism
December 29: 2nd Irish constitution goes into effect; Irish Free State renamed Erie
December 29: Ireland adopts constitution (Irish Free State becomes Eire)
December 29: Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St. Louis, to become wrestling champ
December 29: Pan Am starts San Francisco-to-Auckland, New Zealand service
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