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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1931 AD


January 3: Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
January 5: 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League
January 8: Philadelphia Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
January 10: Philadelphia Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak
January 16: Bradman scores 223 Australia vs. WI, 297 minutes, 26 fours
January 22: French government of Steeg falls
January 22: VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
January 26: Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
January 26: Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs," premieres in New York City
January 28: Bradman scores 220 NSW vs. Victoria, 308 minutes, 13 fours
January 30: Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater
January 31: NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals
January 31: Philip Barry's "Tomorrow and Tomorrow," premieres in New York City


February 2: 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
February 2: 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail, Austria
February 3: Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"
February 4: National League adopts a deader baseball
February 5: Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st U.S. women to earn a glider pilot license
February 7: U.S. opera, "Peter Ibbetson," by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera New York City
February 8: Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
February 10: New Delhi becomes capital of India
February 10: Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Harts premieres in New York City
February 14: Bradman scores 152 Australia vs. WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
February 14: Spanish Government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
February 15: 1st Dracula movie released
February 15: Spring training site of New York Yankees in St. Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
February 16: Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
February 17: 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
February 17: Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
February 20: Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
February 21: Alka Seltzer introduced
February 21: Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play 1st exhibition night game
February 28: Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
February 28: Oswald Mosley founds his New Party


March 3: Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
March 3: "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes U.S. national anthem
March 4: Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
March 4: West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
March 5: Gandhi and British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
March 10: British Labour party removes fascist Sir Oswald Mosley
March 14: 1st theater built for rear movie projection (New York City)
March 16: Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)
March 17: Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee
March 18: 1st electric shavers go on sale in U.S. from Schick
March 18: Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
March 19: Nevada legalizes gambling
March 20: Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
March 21: KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
March 21: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
March 21: U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 25: Hal Kemp and his Orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
March 25: Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
March 26: Iraq and Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
March 26: Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
March 26: New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
March 27: Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
March 27: John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on


April 1: Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
April 1: Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
April 2: Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee
April 6: 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
April 7: Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
April 8: Dmitri Sjostakovitch' ballet "The Arrow," premieres
April 8: "White Horse Inn" opens in London
April 9: Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
April 12: Joe McCarthy debuts as New York Yankee manager
April 12: Spanish voters reject the monarchy
April 14: Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
April 14: Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
April 15: 1st walk across American backwards begins
April 20: 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
April 20: British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
April 22: Egypt and Iraq sign peace treaty
April 26: Lou Gehrig hits a home run but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he and Babe Ruth tie for season
April 27: 100 degrees F (38 degrees C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
April 28: Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field
April 29: Cleveland Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St. Louis Browns, 9-0


May 1: Empire State Building opens in New York City
May 1: Norway claims Peter I Island
May 1: Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
May 4: Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
May 8: Operette "Land of Smiles," premieres in London
May 9: 57th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
May 10: Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, New Jersey
May 11: Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
May 13: Paul Doumer elected president of France
May 15: Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
May 16: 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
May 19: Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel
May 21: Belgian government of Jaspar falls
May 22: Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
May 23: Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Beds England
May 24: 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
May 27: 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field, Virginia
May 27: Piccard and Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
May 30: Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH


June 1: Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
June 5: Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
June 6: "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
June 6: Yankees turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
June 8: Duke and Duchess of Kent wed
June 8: Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo
June 9: 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented, Robert Goddard
June 9: 1st showing of a Donald Duck cartoon
June 10: Norway occupies East-Greenland
June 12: Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury
June 13: 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
June 14: French "St. Philbert" overturns off St. Nazaire France, drowns 450
June 14: Reinhard Heydrichs 1st meeting with Himmler
June 15: Eddie Collins and Harry Heilmann, retire from baseball
June 15: Poland and U.S.S.R. sign friendship and trade treaty
June 16: Austrian government of Ender falls
June 19: 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
June 20: Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
June 22: RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
June 23: Wiley Post and Harold Catty took off for flight around world
June 24: U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
June 27: 3rd Ryder Cup: U.S., 9-3 at Scioto CC Ohio
June 29: 109 degrees F (43 degrees C), Monticello, Florida (state record)
June 29: Pope Pius XI encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno Mussolini


July 1: Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
July 1: Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
July 1: Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs. Chicago Cubs
July 1: Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
July 3: 51st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Sid Wood, Jr. beats F X Shields (walkover)
July 3: Max Schmeling TKOs Young Stribling in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
July 4: 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
July 4: 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
July 6: 35th U.S. Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
July 11: New York Giants beat Phillies 23-8
July 12: 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St. Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game and 21 in 2nd game for 32
July 18: 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
July 21: Reno race track, becomes 1st in U.S. to use daily double wagering
July 23: Ashmore and Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
July 23: France announces they can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
July 24: George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings
July 24: Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)
July 27: Chilean president Carlos Ibanez forced out
July 27: Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr and SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
July 28: Congress makes "Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd national anthem
July 28: White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12


August 2: Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
August 5: Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
August 8: Washington Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
August 12: Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
August 13: Cincinnati Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
August 15: Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
August 15: Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as Assistant Secretary
August 15: Spakenburg soccer team forms
August 18: Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
August 19: Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
August 20: 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen Whitingstall (64 61)
August 21: Babe Ruth hits his 600th home run, off George Blaeholder of Browns
August 23: 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen B Whitingstall (64 61)
August 23: Count Gyula Karolyi becomes premier of Hungary
August 23: Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
August 24: France and U.S.S.R. sign neutrality/no attack treaty


September 1: Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days and his 6th home run in consec games
September 10: Lord Cecil of British Government says War was never so improbable
September 12: 51st U.S. Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott, Jr. (79 63 97 75)
September 13: Captain G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
September 13: Right-radical coup of Dr. Pfrimer fails in Austria
September 15: British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
September 15: Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
September 16: Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (New York City)
September 16: St. Louis Cardinals repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
September 17: 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, New York City), venture failed
September 17: Operetta "Victoria and Her Husband," premieres in London
September 17: Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
September 18: Japan takes Manchuria, renames it Manchukuo
September 19: 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
September 19: Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
September 19: Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
September 20: Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
September 21: Britain abandons gold standard/pound devalues 20%
September 24: Round-robin playoff among New York City's 3 major league teams, to raise money for unemployed, concludes with Brooklyn losing to both Giants and Yankees
September 26: Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld
September 27: Closest NL batting race ends Chick Hafey (.3488) beats Bill Terry's
September 27: Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game (.3486) Jim Bottomley (.3481)
September 28: Peking (200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan)


October 1: Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
October 1: World Series is a rematch as A's seek 3rd straight title vs Cards
October 2: Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis
October 4: Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
October 4: Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
October 5: 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Washington (Herndon and Pangborn)
October 5: Paul Green's "House of Connelly," premieres in New York City
October 6: Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
October 7: 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, New York
October 10: A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
October 10: St. Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia A's, 4 games to 3 in 28th World Series
October 10: William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast," premieres in Leeds
October 11: 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
October 12: 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
October 13: Musical "Everybody's Welcome" with T/J Dorsey premieres in New York City
October 13: Noel Cowards "Cavalcade," premieres in London
October 14: 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
October 14: Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church and State
October 16: Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st
October 20: Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
October 24: Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
October 24: George Washington Bridge connecting New York to New Jersey opens
October 26: Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra," premieres in New York City
October 27: Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2"
October 29: Lefty Grove, A's pitcher who won 31 games, is named the AL's MVP
October 30: W2XB TV channel 1 in New York City, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting


November 1: Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
November 2: Warren, Dixon and Young's musical "Laugh Parade," premieres in New York City
November 3: 1st commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured
November 4: Jean Genet's "Judith," premieres in Paris
November 7: Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Tse Tung
November 11: Cornerstones laid for Opera House and Veteran's Building
November 12: Maple Leaf Gardens opens in Toronto - Chicago Blackhawks beat Leafs, 2-1
November 12: Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott," premieres in London
November 13: Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed 1st U.S. woman senator
November 14: Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in England
November 17: Bradman scores 135 NSW vs. South Africa, 128 minutes, 15 fours
November 20: Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
November 22: Ferde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite," premieres
November 23: Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
November 27: 1st Test Cricket match at the Gabba Bradman scores 200 on 1st day
November 28: Bradman scores 226, the 1st Test Cricket century at Gabba, vs. South Africa
November 30: Crystal Palace in Hyde Park London destroyed by fire
November 30: His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI


December 1: Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
December 3: Alka Seltzer goes on sale
December 4: "Frankenstein" opens at Mayfair
December 5: CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
December 7: Bradman scores 219 NSW vs. South Africa, 234 minutes, 15 fours
December 8: Coaxial cable patented
December 9: Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players and NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers
December 9: Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry," premieres in New York City
December 9: Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
December 9: Spain becomes a republic
December 10: Jane Addams (1st U.S. woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize
December 10: Manuel Azana becomes premier/Niceto Zamora president of Spain
December 11: British Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, Newfndlnd
December 11: Japan leaves the Golden Standard
December 12: Japanese Government of Imukai forms
December 14: 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
December 16: German SPD begins Eiserne Front against fascism
December 19: Bradman scores 112 Australia vs. South Africa at cricket SCG
December 19: Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
December 25: Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA vs. Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
December 25: Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria vs. Tas at Hobart
December 25: New Yorks's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio
December 26: George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in New York City
December 26: Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy
December 26: SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten
December 28: Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as president of Nanjing-China
December 29: Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
December 29: Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW
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