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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1923 AD


January 1: Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
January 4: 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Ft. Worth Texas)
January 4: Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin
January 7: Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
January 8: Typography strike in Amsterdam
January 9: 1st flight of autogiro by Juan de la Cierva, Madrid, Spain
January 10: Last U.S. troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
January 10: Lithuania seizes and annexes country of Memel
January 11: 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg and Kurt Schwitters)
January 11: French and Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
January 17: Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
January 17: Origin of Brown lunation numbers
January 18: 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
January 19: WMC-AM in Memphis Tennessee begins radio transmissions
January 23: Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
January 24: Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico established
January 28: 1st "Reichs Party" (NSDAP) forms in Munich
January 28: Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
January 28: NSDAP 1st election in Munich


February 1: Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel
February 1: Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Mussolini
February 1: Noel Coward's "Young Idea," premieres in London
February 2: Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
February 2: United States signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
February 5: General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
February 5: Mass arrests of socialists and communists in Italy
February 8: Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
February 8: German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
February 9: Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
February 10: Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company
February 10: Owen Davis' "Icebound," premieres in New York City
February 10: SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of Ruhrgebied
February 13: 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance," organizes
February 16: Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
February 16: Howard Carter finds Pharoah Tutankhamen
February 16: U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
February 16: U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
February 17: Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
February 18: Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
February 19: Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony, premieres
February 19: Philip Barry's "You and I," premieres in New York City
February 20: Christy Mathewson becomes President of Boston Braves
February 21: Andre Charlot's musical "Rats," premieres in London
February 22: 1st successful chinchilla farm in U.S. (Los Angeles California)
February 22: Transcontinental airmail service begins
February 23: German Republic day with laws against worker
February 23: Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
February 24: Flying Scotsman goes into service
February 24: Mass arrests in U.S. of mafia
February 25: Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 mark
February 26: Italian nationalist and fascists merge (blue-shirts and black-shirts)
February 28: Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands


March 1: Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
March 2: Time magazine debuts
March 3: U.S. Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague
March 4: Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Red bureaucracy)
March 5: 1st old age pension plans in U.S. established by Montana and Nevada
March 6: Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
March 9: Amsterdam taxi strike ended
March 9: Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine," premieres in New York City
March 9: NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
March 13: Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (New York City)
March 14: Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicie in Poland
March 14: German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP
March 14: President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st President to pay taxes
March 15: Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
March 16: Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche," premieres in Vienna
March 20: Bavarian minister of Interior refuses to forbid Nazi SA
March 20: Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
March 21: U.S. foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses U.S.S.R. recognition
March 23: Frank Silver and Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
March 25: British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
March 26: Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
March 30: Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates
March 31: 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hours
March 31: French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
March 31: Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games


April 3: 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
April 5: Firestone puts their inflatable tires into production
April 7: 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in New York City) by Dr. K Winfield Ney
April 7: Workers Party of America (New York City) becomes official Communist Party
April 9: Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman," premieres in Dublin
April 10: Hitler demands "hatred and more hatred" in Berlin
April 13: Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
April 14: Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
April 15: 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (New York City)
April 15: Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
April 17: Longest NL opening game, Phillies and Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
April 18: 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
April 18: Poland annexes Central Lithuania
April 19: 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
April 19: New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
April 24: Colonel Jacob Schick patents Schick shavers
April 24: General harbor strike begins in New York City
April 26: English prince Albert (George VI) marries lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
April 27: Mussolini government italian place in South Tirol/Alto Adige
April 28: Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)


May 2: Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yankees 3-0
May 3: 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (New York - San Diego) completed
May 4: Bloody street battles between Nazi's, socialist and police in Vienna
May 4: New York state revokes Prohibition law
May 7: Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
May 8: Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* vs. Somerset at Bath
May 11: 10 home runs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St. Louis Cardinals
May 12: 49th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
May 13: Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
May 15: Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
May 17: Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
May 19: 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
May 19: KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
May 20: Stanley Baldwin, becomes Prime Minister of UK
May 22: Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
May 23: 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain
May 25: Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
May 26: 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
May 26: Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
May 28: Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
May 28: U.S. unemployment has nearly ended
May 30: Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic," premieres
May 31: China and U.S.S.R. exchange diplomats


June 1: New York Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
June 9: 55th Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:19
June 9: Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
June 9: Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski and King Boris III overthrown
June 12: Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in New York City
June 14: Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
June 15: Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post and railroad strike
June 16: Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
June 19: Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
June 19: "Moon Mullins," Comic Strip, debuts
June 21: Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
June 24: Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
June 28: Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
June 28: Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry for state visit to London
June 30: New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica


July 1: 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF New York and WMAF Mass)
July 3: Harbor strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
July 4: Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
July 6: 36th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (62 62)
July 6: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics form
July 7: 43rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
July 7: Cleveland Indians beat Boston Red Sox 27-3 with 13 runs in 6th inning
July 7: University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
July 8: Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
July 8: Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
July 10: 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle, Rostov, Russia
July 10: All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
July 11: Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
July 13: Draft law passes
July 15: 27th U.S. Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in New York
July 15: Italian parliament accepts new constitution
July 17: Carl Mays gave up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
July 18: England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law
July 19: WRC-AM in Washington D.C. begins radio transmissions
July 20: Yankees hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
July 21: Phillies score 12 in 6th and beat Cubs 17-4
July 22: Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)
July 24: Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
July 25: German mark devalued to 600,000 Dmark=$1
July 29: Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin
July 29: KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
July 30: New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
July 31: Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University


August 3: Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding
August 3: V.P. Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th president
August 5: 1st American to swim English Channel, Henry Sullivan
August 9: New York State Golf Association formed
August 11: Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
August 12: Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
August 12: Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
August 13: Germany: Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of coalition government
August 13: Turkish National Congress selects Moestafa Kemal Pasja as president
August 13: U.S. Steel Corp initiates 8th-hour work day
August 15: Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
August 15: Mexico and U.S. reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
August 18: 37th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (62 61)
August 20: London harbor strike ends
August 22: Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)
August 24: Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
August 31: League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
August 31: Mussolini's troops occupy Korfu


September 1: 18th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
September 1: 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama, kills 142,000
September 1: U.S. beats Australia in tennis, for their 4th straight Davis Cup
September 3: Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy," premieres in New York City
September 4: A Charlot and N Cowards revue "London Calling," premieres in London
September 4: New York Yankee Sad Sam Jones no-hits Philadelphia A's, 2-0
September 5: Flyweights Gene LaRue and Kid Pancho KO each other simultaneously
September 6: Queen Wilhelmina celebrates 25 year jubilee
September 7: Boston Red Sox Howard Ehmke no-hits Philadelphia A's, 4-0
September 7: Interpol forms in Vienna
September 7: Mary Katherine Campbell (Ohio), 16, crowned 2nd Miss America 1922-23
September 9: Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
September 10: Irish Free state joins League of Nations
September 11: After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yankees
September 11: Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
September 11: ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over New York's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
September 12: Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
September 13: With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
September 14: Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
September 14: Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
September 14: Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play
September 15: 43rd U.S. Mens Tennis: William T Tilden beats W M Johnston (64 61 64)
September 15: Bill Tilden wins U.S. Lawn Tennis Open
September 17: Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
September 19: Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
September 23: 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
September 24: Premiere of 1st celluloid film "Das Leben auf dem Dorfe" (Berlin)
September 26: Stresemann Government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
September 27: Italian troops leave occupied Korfu
September 27: New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits 1st of his 493 home runs
September 28: Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
September 28: Radio Times 1st published
September 28: Yankees slaughter Red Sox 24-4
September 29: 6th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Pelham CC Pelham NY
September 29: Steinhart Aquarium in Golden Gate Park opens to public
September 30: Canton Bulldogs win 1st on way to 17-0 season


October 2: British occuping army leaves Constantinople
October 2: Harry Heilmann goes 2-for-2, sit out rest of season, except for a pinch single on final day, hitting .403
October 3: Germany's Stresemann resigns
October 4: Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for shortest amount of time (3 hours). Referee overturns decision
October 5: Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star
October 6: 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
October 6: 2nd government of Stresemann in Germany forms
October 6: U.S. lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
October 6: U.S.S.R. adopts experimental calendar
October 7: Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
October 10: New York Giants and New York Yankees become 1st teams to play each other for 3 consecutive World Series, also 1st played at Yankee Stadium
October 10: Saxony gets Social Democratic and Communist coalition government
October 11: Babe Ruth hits 2 home runs in a World Series game
October 12: New York Giant's Casey Stengel home run beats Yankees 1-0 in World Series
October 13: Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
October 15: New York Yankees 1st World Series win beating New York Giants, 4 games to 2
October 16: Disney company founded
October 16: John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
October 17: Catholic University of Nijmegen Netherlands opens
October 19: Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
October 19: Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Volkischer Beobachter
October 21: 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
October 23: Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform
October 23: Giants defeat Baltimore Orioles 9-0 to benefit former Giants owner John Day
October 24: General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
October 25: Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal
October 26: Dutch 2nd Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
October 26: Govt-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
October 29: Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
October 29: Gibbs/Grey/Wood's revue "Runnin' Wild," premieres in New York City
October 29: "Runnin' Wild" (introducing Charleston) opens on Broadway
October 29: Textile strike in Enschede, Netherlands, against lower wages, begins
October 29: Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)


November 1: Bruno E. Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
November 2: Bloody street battles in Aken: pro-French separatists
November 2: Bloody street fights in Aken (pro-French separatists driven)
November 2: Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
November 6: Col Jacob Schick patents 1st electric shaver
November 6: U.S.S.R. adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"
November 8: Hitler stages unsuccessful "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munchen (Munich)
November 9: Beer Hall Putsch-Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die/Hitler flees
November 10: German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
November 11: Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
November 12: In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power
November 19: Bela Bartok's "Tancsuite," premieres
November 20: Garrett Morgan invents and patents traffic signal
November 22: Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death
November 23: German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP and KPD
November 23: Germany's Stresemann government falls to SPD
November 24: Radio Belgium's 1st transmission
November 30: Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms


December 1: CFL Grey Cup: Queen's U beats Regina, 54-0 at Toronto
December 3: 1st Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington D.C.)
December 4: Cecil B DeMille's 1st version of "Ten Commandments" premieres
December 4: WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
December 8: German - U.S friendship treaty signed
December 8: Labour/Liberals win British parliament
December 8: Salary and price freeze in Germany
December 10: Polish government of Grabski, forms
December 14: Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings)
December 17: Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
December 18: International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
December 21: Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
December 22: Bill Ponsford and Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Vict
December 23: Yankees pitcher Carl Mays sold to Reds for $85,000
December 25: Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St. New York City
December 27: Unsuccessful attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan
December 28: George Bernard Shaw's "St. Joan," premieres in New York City
December 31: 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
December 31: BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID
December 31: H Tierney/J McCarthy's musical "Kid Boots," premieres in New York City
<< 19221924 >>

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