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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1920 AD


January 2: 10,000 U.S. union and socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids)
January 3: Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
January 3: New York Yankees purchase Babe Ruth from Red Sox for $125,000
January 4: Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
January 5: Boston Red Sox sell Babe Ruth to New York Yankees
January 5: New York Yankees announce purchase of Babe Ruth
January 10: League of Nations established
January 10: Mont Canadiens (14) and Tor St. Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
January 10: Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
January 11: French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
January 12: Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
January 13: New York Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
January 16: 18th Amendment, prohibition, goes into effect; repealed in 1933
January 16: 1st assembly of League of Nations in Paris
January 16: Georgia declares independence
January 17: Paul Deschanel elected president of France
January 19: Alexandre Millerand forms French government
January 19: U.S. Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
January 20: Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
January 23: Dutch refuse to turn over ex-kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany to allies
January 26: Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
January 29: Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with Kansas City Slide Co.
January 30: Quebec's Joe Malone sets NHL record of 7 goals in a game
January 31: 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in U.S. (New York City) begins publication
January 31: Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
January 31: Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates


February 1: 1st commercial armored car introduced in St. Paul Minn
February 1: Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
February 1: Soccer team Quick Boys forms
February 2: Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
February 2: France occupies (German) Memel territory
February 2: Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: U.S.S.R. recognizes Estonian independence
February 4: 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off
February 6: Saarland administrated by League of Nations
February 8: Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
February 9: International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
February 9: Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances and alterations to baseballs
February 10: Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
February 12: NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
February 13: League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
February 13: Switzerland rejoin League of Nations
February 14: League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
February 19: Netherlands joins League of Nations
February 21: Darius Milhaud and Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
February 22: 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track in Emeryville, California
February 24: NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
February 24: Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
February 28: Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin," premieres


March 1: Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
March 2: Karel Capek's "Loupeznik," premieres in Prague
March 3: Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
March 4: Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
March 8: Denmark and Cuba join the League of Nations
March 10: NHL's Quebec Bulldog Jim Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
March 13: Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
March 16: 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
March 18: Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
March 19: U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
March 20: 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (1 month)
March 20: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
March 20: U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
March 23: Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
March 24: 1st U.S. coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
March 25: Greek Independence Day
March 27: Film stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks wed
March 27: Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
March 28: Actor Douglas Fairbanks marries actress Mary Pickford
March 28: Thomas Masaryk elected president of Czechoslovakia
March 31: British parliament accept Irish "Home Rule"-law


April 1: Church disforms in Wales
April 1: Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
April 4: Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
April 6: French troop attacks Main/Darmstadt/Hanau
April 8: LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
April 13: 1st woman U.S. Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
April 14: Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama and Mississippi
April 15: New Canadian small cent coin is released
April 17: American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
April 19: 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
April 20: 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
April 20: Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
April 20: Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
April 20: Phillies manager Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats New York Giants 3-0
April 20: Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama and Mississippi
April 21: John Galsworthy's "Skin Game," premieres in London
April 23: Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
April 24: British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect, lasts 28 years
April 24: Polish troops attack Ukraine
April 26: H Shapley and H D Curtis hold "great debate" on nature of nebulae
April 27: Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
April 28: Azerbaijan SSR joins U.S.S.R. (1st time)


May 1: Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee home run and 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds
May 1: Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
May 1: Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
May 5: German-Latvian peace treaty signed
May 5: Polish troops occupy Kiev
May 5: U.S. President Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
May 7: U.S.S.R. recognizes Georgia's independence
May 8: 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09
May 14: Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
May 14: Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit
May 15: Soccer team ADO '20 forms in Heemskerk
May 16: Joan of Arc (Jean D'arc) canonized a saint
May 16: Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
May 17: 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
May 17: 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
May 18: 46th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6
May 20: Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers and arrest 24 fans for gambling
May 23: Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
May 27: Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR


June 1: RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
June 2: Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill, Beyond the Horizon
June 4: Peace of Trianon between Allies and Hungary
June 5: 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell
June 5: A's Vice President Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
June 6: General Wrangel opens offensive against red Army
June 8: Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game
June 11: Republicans nominate Warren G Harding for president
June 12: 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
June 12: Farmer Labor Party organized, Chicago
June 15: De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
June 17: Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
June 20: Yankees win protest of 1-0 White Sox win and game is replayed
June 24: Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
June 25: League of Nations places International head of Justice in Hague


July 1: Washington Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
July 3: 40th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (26 63 62 64)
July 3: Java Technical School Bandung opens
July 3: Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
July 6: Yankees score 14 in 5th inning and beat Washington Senators, 17-0
July 10: Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
July 12: Lithuania and U.S.S.R. sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent rep
July 15: Ruth ties his record of 29 home runs in a season
July 16: 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
July 16: China joins the League of Nations
July 16: General Amos Fries appointed 1st U.S. Army chemical warfare chief
July 16: Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
July 20: Heerenveen soccer team forms
July 23: British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
July 25: Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th home run leads Yankees to 8-2 win
July 27: Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
July 27: Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
July 29: 1st transcontinental airmail flight from New York to SF
July 29: Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders


August 1: Papendrecht soccer team forms
August 1: Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
August 2: Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in New York City
August 8: Tigers beat Yankees 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
August 9: Bulgarian and allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
August 10: Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania
August 10: Treaty of Sevres (Allies and Turkey)
August 10: Turkish Government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
August 11: 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
August 13: 24th U.S. Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
August 14: Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
August 14: Olympic Games open in Antwerp
August 16: Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yankees' Carl Mays pitch; he dies next day, only major league fatality
August 17: In memory of Ray Chapman (died Aug 16), Yankees cancel game with Indians
August 18: 1st class debut of Walter Hammond
August 18: Tennessee ratifies 19th Amendment, guarantees women voting right
August 20: 1st U.S. coml radio, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit began daily broadcasting
August 20: Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
August 20: Israel publishes it's 1st medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
August 20: Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League
August 20: Red Sox-Indians game postponed in Boston to allow Indian players to attend Ray Chapman's funeral in Cleveland
August 21: 3rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor CC Flossmoor Ill
August 23: M R Rinehart and A Hopwood's "Bat," premieres in New York City
August 25: 1st U.S. woman to win in Olympics (Ethelda Bleibtrey)
August 26: 19th amendment passes - women's suffrage granted
August 26: Percy Fender (Surrey vs. Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
August 28: 19th amendment acknowledges women's rights
August 31: Belgium starts paying old age pensions
August 31: Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air


September 1: France creates Lebanon
September 1: New townhall of Rotterdam opens
September 2: W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez," premieres in London
September 4: Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
September 5: Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
September 6: 40th U.S. Mens Tennis: Wm Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (61 16 75 57 63)
September 6: Jack Dempsey KOs Billy Miske in 3 for heavyweight boxing title 1st radio broadcast of a prizefight
September 8: U.S. Air Mail service begins (New York City to San Francisco)
September 12: 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
September 16: Bomb explosion in Wall Street, kills 30
September 17: Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) and 5th (2) innings
September 17: National Football League organizes in Canton Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Professional Football Association
September 22: Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series
September 23: Alexander Millerand elected president of France
September 25: 34th U.S. Womens Tennis: M B Mallory beats M Zinderstein (63 61)
September 25: Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
September 28: 8 White Sox indicted, threw 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal)
September 28: Dirk Fock appointed as Governor-General of Netherlands Indies
September 29: Babe Ruth sets then home run season record at 54
September 29: Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmedy
September 29: Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
September 30: Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St. New York City


October 1: Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
October 2: Only tripleheader of century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
October 3: Browns 1st baseman George Sisler gets his record 257th hit of season
October 3: NFL (then American Pro Football Association) plays 1st games
October 6: 1st brothers oppose each other in World Series, Cleveland's Wheeler Johnston pinch-hits as brother Jimmy plays 3rd base for Bkln
October 9: 1st World Series game in Cleveland, Indians win 2-1
October 10: 1st Grandslam in WS (Smith) and 1st unassisted triple play (Wambsganss)
October 10: Indian Bill Wambsganns makes 1st unassisted World Series triple play
October 10: Indian's Elmer Smith hits 1st World Series grand slam
October 10: Indians' Elmer Smith hits baseball's 1st post-season grand slam
October 10: Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
October 10: Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
October 12: Cleveland Indians beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
October 12: Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting New Jersey and New York City
October 12: Man O'War's last race and win
October 12: Soccer team Quick '20 forms
October 13: World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
October 14: Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
October 17: Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
October 20: "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in New York City
October 23: Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, and Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
October 27: League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
October 27: Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
October 29: Ed Barrow appointed General Manager of New York Yankees
October 31: Romania annexes Bessarabia


November 1: Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones," premieres in New York City
November 1: Warren Harding elected 29th president
November 2: KDKA (Pittsburgh) goes on air as 1st commercial radio station
November 2: Warren G. Harding elected president
November 3: "Emperor Jones" opens at Provincetown Theater
November 8: Actress Edna Lewis Thomas debuts at Putnam Theatre Brooklyn
November 8: Baseball meeting to depose Ban Johnson is set for Nov 12th
November 10: George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House," premieres in New York City
November 12: Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
November 13: Hudson River frozen at Albany
November 14: American Pro Football League's Chicago Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
November 15: Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen," premieres in Neurenberg
November 15: Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
November 15: League of Nations holds 1st meeting, in Geneva
November 16: 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Connecticut
November 18: Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St. New York City
November 20: Nobel Peace Prize awarded to U.S. president Woodrow Wilson
November 21: Karel Capek's "Vec Makropulos," premieres in Prague
November 21: Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna Italy
November 25: 1st Thanksgiving Parade in Philadelphia
November 25: WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play


December 3: Turkey and Armenia agree to peace treaty
December 4: 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
December 4: 8th CFL Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Argonauts, 16-3
December 5: Pro football playoff game Akron and Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
December 7: NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
December 7: USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
December 12: Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse," premieres in Paris
December 13: F Pease's interferometer measures 1st stellar diameter (Betelgeuse)
December 13: League of nations establishes International Court of Justice in The Hague
December 13: Netherland breaks contact with kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia
December 14: Heavyweight Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in New York City
December 14: Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
December 16: 8.6 earthquake destroys 15,000 miles (Kansu China); Over 180,000 die
December 17: AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
December 17: British Empire receives League of Nations mandate to Nauru
December 17: Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
December 17: South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
December 18: 1st U.S. postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
December 19: 1st U.S. indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
December 20: Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut vs. England SCG
December 20: Bob Hope became an American citizen
December 21: Jerome Kern/BG DeSylva's musical "Sally," premieres in New York City
December 23: Ireland divided into 2 parts, each with its own parliament
December 23: King George V signs Home Rule Act
December 24: Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (New York City)
December 29: The netherlands/Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
December 29: Yugoslav government bans Communist Party
December 31: Roy Park makes 1st-ball duck in only Test Cricket India, vs. England at MCG
<< 19191921 >>

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