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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1918 AD


January 1: Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
January 2: Dodgers trade Casey Stengel and Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes and Mamaux
January 2: NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
January 3: U.S. employment service opens as a unit of Department of Labor
January 5: British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
January 8: Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)
January 8: President Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after WW I
January 12: Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4
January 14: Finland and U.S.S.R. adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar
January 19: Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly
January 22: Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
January 25: Russia declared a republic of Soviets
January 26: President Hoover calls for "wheatless" and "meatless" days for war effort
January 27: "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
January 28: Strike on Berlin ammunition's factory
January 28: Trotsky becomes leader of Reds


February 1: Franz Lehars opera "Wo die Lerche singt," premieres in Budapest
February 1: Kern, Bolton and Wodehouse's musical premieres in New York City
February 1: Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
February 3: Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920') streetcar tunnel begins service
February 5: 1st U.S. pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W. Thompson
February 5: Separation of church and state begins in U.S.S.R.
February 6: Britain grants women (30 and over) vote
February 8: "Stars and Stripes," weekly U.S. Armed Forces newspaper, 1st published
February 9: Army chaplain school organizes at Ft. Monroe Va
February 9: Sacha Guitry's "Deburan," premieres in Paris
February 14: H Atteridge and S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in New York City
February 14: U.S.S.R. adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
February 15: 1st WW I U.S. Army troop ship torpedoed and sunk by Germany, off Ireland
February 15: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
February 16: Lithuania declares independence from Russia and Germany (National Day)
February 21: Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
February 22: Germany claims Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia
February 24: Estonia declares independence from Russia
February 26: Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604


March 2: New York Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers and immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's
March 3: Richard Goring's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
March 3: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria and Russia sign
March 4: Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
March 6: U.S. naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
March 7: H. Carroll and J. McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!," premieres in New York City
March 7: President Wilson authorizes U.S. Army's Distinguished Service Medal
March 9: Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
March 9: Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
March 9: Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens
March 11: Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
March 11: Save the Redwoods League founded
March 13: 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
March 13: American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
March 14: 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
March 16: Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
March 17: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
March 17: U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
March 18: Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
March 18: Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
March 19: Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
March 19: S. Potter becomes 1st U.S. pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
March 21: During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
March 23: Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
March 23: Crepy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
March 23: Lithuania proclaims independence
March 23: Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
March 30: Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
March 31: 1st daylight savings time in U.S. goes into effect


April 1: England's Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force
April 1: Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St. New York City
April 3: House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
April 4: Battle of Somme, ends
April 4: Food riot in Amsterdam
April 9: Latvia proclaims independence
April 13: Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
April 14: Douglas Campbell is 1st U.S. ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
April 15: Clemenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents
April 18: Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
April 23: Battle of Zeebrugge ends
April 23: Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
April 23: National Urban League forms
April 27: Giants' 9-0 winning start and Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
April 29: Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
April 30: Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen


May 4: Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
May 10: HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
May 11: 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
May 13: 1st U.S. airmail stamps issued (24 cents )
May 14: Indians' Stan Coveleski sets club record for most innings pitched (19)
May 14: Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington D.C.
May 15: 1st airmail postal service (New York, Philadelphia and Washington D.C.)
May 15: 1st regular airmail service (between New York and Washington) inaugurated
May 15: 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6
May 15: 44th Preakness: Charles Peak aboard Jack Hare, Jr. wins in 1:53.4
May 15: Greeks troops lands at Smyrna
May 15: Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game
May 18: Netherlands Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
May 18: TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania kills 200
May 19: Washington 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
May 20: 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
May 21: House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
May 23: King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
May 24: Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19 inning
May 26: Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
May 28: Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent


June 1: Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
June 1: White Sox losing 5-4 against New York Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
June 3: Supreme Court rules child labor laws unconstitutional
June 6: Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st U.S. victory of WW I
June 8: Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
June 12: 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
June 13: Phillies and Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
June 15: 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
June 22: 32nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats E E Goss (64 63)
June 22: Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68, Ivanhoe, Illinois
June 23: Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
June 25: Baku-Turkish Communist Party forms
June 28: 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands


July 3: SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
July 4: Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
July 8: Babe Ruth's blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleveland, prevailing rules reduce Babe's Hhome runR to a triple
July 9: 101 killed and 171 injured in worst U.S. train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
July 9: Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal
July 10: Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
July 12: Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
July 14: Dutch government reclaims South seas
July 15: 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I
July 17: Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings
July 18: U.S. and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
July 19: German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)
July 19: Washington catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Secretary of War Newton D. Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
July 22: Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
July 25: Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of U.S., California
July 25: Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
July 26: Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites and 1 black killed)
July 27: Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in U.S., launched to carry oil, New York


August 1: British troops enter Vladivostok
August 1: Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
August 6: Ferdinand Foch becomes marshal of France
August 6: In WW I 2nd battle of the Marne ends
August 8: Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks at Amiens
August 9: Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
August 11: Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans
August 15: 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
August 15: Russia severs diplomatic ties with U.S.
August 16: U.S. troops overthrows Archangelsk
August 17: British troops attack Baku Azerbaijan
August 17: Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
August 17: Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
August 19: Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank," premieres in New York City
August 20: Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I
August 24: Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
August 24: Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
August 26: W Smith and F Bacons "Lightnin'," premieres in New York City
August 27: Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
August 27: Dr. Joseph L Johnson named minister to Liberia
August 28: Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
August 30: Czechoslovakia forms independence republic
August 30: Fanya Kaplan shoots at Lenin
August 30: Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia, shot and wounded after speech
August 31: Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)


September 1: Baseball season ends due to WW I
September 1: Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
September 1: U.S. troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
September 3: 38th U.S. Mens Tennis: R L Murray beats William T Tilden (63 61 75)
September 3: 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot of 1917
September 3: Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
September 4: Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
September 4: U.S. troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
September 5: Due to WW I, 15th World Series begins a month early
September 9: Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
September 10: Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners and $1,000 each for the losers
September 11: Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 15th World Series
September 12: During WW I, U.S. forces launch an attack on German-occupied St. Mihiel
September 13: Train accident at Weesp, Netherlands, kills 42
September 15: CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to English state
September 18: Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
September 20: Royal Dutch Blast furnace and Steel factory opens in Hague
September 26: Battle of the Argonne, final major battle of WW I
September 29: Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line


October 3: Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
October 3: Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
October 3: Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St. New York City
October 4: Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in New York City
October 6: U.S. ship Otranto sinks between Scotland and Ireland, 425 die
October 8: 7 U.S. soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command and shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
October 8: Sergeant Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
October 10: Baden's Geisz forms government
October 12: 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
October 12: Cloquet Minnesota and 25 other communities destroyed by forest fire, 559 die
October 12: Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
October 15: British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
October 17: De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
October 17: Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
October 18: Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
October 18: NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P J Quinn
October 18: Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
October 20: Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
October 21: Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
October 23: Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
October 25: Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
October 26: Soldier revolt at Harskamp Veluwe
October 28: Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
October 30: Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
October 31: Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in U.S. in 1 week


November 1: 102 die in a New York City BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
November 1: Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
November 3: Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves
November 3: Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
November 4: Kiel in hands of revolutionary sailors
November 6: Republic of Poland proclaimed
November 6: Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
November 7: Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets
November 7: United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
November 7: Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff," premieres in Petrograd
November 8: Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
November 9: Bavaria proclaims itself a republic
November 9: Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I
November 9: Republic Germany proclaimed
November 10: German emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherland
November 10: Independence of Poland proclaimed by Jozef Pilsudski
November 11: Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
November 11: Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
November 11: Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
November 11: Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies and Germany sign armistice
November 11: Poland declares independence
November 12: Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
November 13: Monarch Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont abdicates throne
November 13: Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
November 13: Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
November 14: Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as president
November 16: Hungarian People's Republic declared
November 17: Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
November 18: Brussels free Stofnar
November 18: Latvia declares independence from Russia
November 21: 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
November 21: Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
November 22: Bathe: grand duke Frederik II resigns
November 22: King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
November 22: Marshal J Pilsudski becomes 1st president (dictator) of Poland
November 22: Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
November 24: Bela Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
November 28: Emperor Wilhelm of Prussia and Germany, abdicates
November 29: Serbia annexes Montenegro


December 1: Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence
December 1: Iceland becomes independent state under Danish crown
December 1: Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
December 1: Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
December 4: President Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside U.S. while in office
December 5: Oil refinery on Curacao opens
December 9: French troops occupies Mainz
December 10: John A Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League
December 13: U.S. Army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
December 13: Wilson, becomes 1st to make a foreign visit as president (France)
December 14: Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico," premieres in New York City
December 15: American Jewish Congress holds it's 1st meeting
December 16: Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds
December 19: Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (New York Globe)
December 20: Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees," premieres in New York City
December 21: Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore and Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell and Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters and $15,000
December 26: 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Australia after WW I (Vic vs. NSW)
December 30: John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover
December 31: Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as White Sox manager
<< 19171919 >>

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