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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1917 AD


January 2: Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
January 8: Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
January 11: Guy Bolton and PG Wodehouse's "Have a Heart," premieres in New York City
January 17: U.S. pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands
January 19: Silvertown Essex's ammunition factory explodes; 300 die
January 27: Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
January 29: English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch
January 30: 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
January 31: Germany notifies U.S. that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship


February 1: Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
February 3: U.S. liner Housatonic sunk by German sub and diplomatic relations severed
February 4: Belgium Council of Flanders established
February 5: Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
February 5: Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th St. New York City (demolished 1982)
February 5: Present Mexican constitution adopted
February 10: Johanna Westerdijk installed as Netherlands 1st female professor
February 15: SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
February 16: 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
February 20: Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
February 20: Kern, Bolton and Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in New York City
February 21: British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
February 21: Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire and explodes; 100s die
February 22: German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
February 23: February revolution begins in Russia
February 24: German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
February 24: Red Sox sell Smokey Joe Wood, his arm dead at 26, to Cleveland for $15,000
February 24: Russian revolution breaks out
February 26: 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
February 28: AP reports Mexico and Japan will allie with Germany if U.S. enters WW I
February 28: Russian Duma sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets


March 1: 1st federal land bank chartered
March 2: Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, U.S. citizenship granted
March 3: Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
March 3: Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
March 3: Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
March 5: 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released
March 7: 1st jazz record "Dixie Jazz Band One Step," recorded by Nick LaRocca Original Dixieland Jazz Band, released by RCA Victor in Camden NJ
March 8: Russian revolution breaks out in Petrograd
March 11: 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
March 11: British troops occupy Baghdad
March 12: Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
March 12: Stalin, Kamenev and Muranov arrives in St. Petersburg
March 15: Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, says he will abdicate
March 17: 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St. Louis
March 17: Tsar Nicolas II of Russia abdicates the throne
March 19: U.S. Supreme Court upheld 8-hour work day for railroad employees
March 21: 1st female U.S. Navy Petty Officer is Loretta Walsh
March 23: Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest U.S.
March 26: Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st U.S. team to win Stanley Cup
March 28: Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv and Jaffa by Turkish authorities
March 28: Puccini's "La Rondine," premieres in Monte Carlo
March 31: U.S. purchases Danish West Indies for $25M and renames them Virgin Islands


April 2: Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of U.S. House of Representatives
April 2: President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany
April 3: Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd
April 6: U.S. declares war on Germany, enters World War I
April 7: De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos," premieres in Madrid
April 7: James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her," premieres in London
April 9: Battle of Arras begins
April 9: Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
April 10: Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers
April 11: Babe Ruth beats New York Yankees, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox
April 12: Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St. New York City (Demolished 1982)
April 12: Domenico Scarlatti and Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
April 14: Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St. Louis Browns, 11-0
April 16: Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution
April 19: 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2
April 20: Pravda (Lenin names Russia "Free land of world")
April 24: Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway


May 2: Cincinnati Fred Tooney and Chicagos's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits and a run in 10th, so Cincinnati wins 1-0
May 3: 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
May 4: Arabs sack Tel Aviv
May 5: St. Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
May 6: St. Louis Brown Bob Groom no-hits Chicago White Sox, 3-0
May 7: Red Sox Babe Ruth beats Washington Senator Walter Johnson, 1-0
May 10: Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks
May 11: Britain grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand
May 12: 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4
May 12: 43rd Kentucky Derby: Charles Borel on Omar Khayyam wins in 2:04.6
May 13: 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
May 13: Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo," premieres
May 18: Satie/Massine/Picasso's ballet "Parade," premieres in Paris
May 18: U.S. passes Selective Service act
May 20: Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv and Jaffa
May 21: Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I
May 23: Dutch 2nd Chamber okays 1908 conscription draft
May 26: Walt Cruise hit 1st home run out of Braves Field
May 27: Race riot in East St. Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
May 31: 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)


June 1: Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
June 4: 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards and Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)
June 4: American men begin registering for the draft
June 4: Order of British Empire inaugurated
June 5: 10 million U.S. men begin registering for draft in WW I
June 8: Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
June 10: 60,000 people of Petrograd welcome Prince Kropotkin, banned 41 years
June 10: Limburgse mine workers strike
June 12: Secret Service extends protection of president to his family
June 13: Germany bombs London
June 14: 1e German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East-London
June 14: General Pershing and his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
June 16: 1st Congress of Soviets convene in Russia
June 16: 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
June 17: British king George V takes the name Windsor
June 19: After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames, they take the name Windsor
June 21: Hawaiian Red Cross forms
June 23: 31st U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)
June 23: Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
June 23: Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out and retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
June 24: Russian Black Sea fleet mutiny at Sebastopol
June 26: 1st U.S. Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
June 27: 1st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WW I military service
June 28: Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
June 28: Raggedy Ann doll invented


July 1: 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
July 1: Race riots in East St. Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
July 1: Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
July 1: Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
July 2: Riots in East St. Louis Mo
July 3: Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
July 6: T. E. Lawrence captures Port of Agaba from Turkey
July 9: British warship "Vanguard" explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804
July 10: Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
July 13: Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
July 17: British Royal family changes its name from Hanover to Windsor
July 20: Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats and Slovenes form Yugoslavia
July 20: WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
July 22: Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian PM
July 22: British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
July 23: Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
July 26: J. Edgar Hoover gets job on ministry of Justice
July 28: Silent Parade in New York City to protest murders of blacks in race riots
July 30: Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
July 31: 3rd battle of Ypres begins


August 4: Pravda calls for killing all capitalists, priests and officers
August 5: British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium
August 13: Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
August 14: China declares war on Germany and Austria at start of WW I
August 14: Leeuwen soccer team forms
August 17: Italy declares war on Germany and Turkey
August 18: Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
August 19: Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw and Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
August 22: Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
August 23: Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks and 11 whites killed)
August 25: 37th U.S. Mens Tennis: R Lindley Murray beats N W Niles (57 86 63 63)
August 27: Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
August 28: 10 suffragists arrested as they picket White House


September 2: Deutsche Vaterlands Party forms (by Admiral Tirpitz)
September 3: 1st night bombing of London by German fighter planes
September 3: German troops over run Riga Latvia
September 3: Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
September 3: Utrecht soccer team Holland forms
September 6: French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
September 14: Kerenski regime declares Russian republic
September 14: Provisional government of Russia forms, Republic proclaimed
September 15: Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky
September 20: British assault on Polygon-forest, France
September 26: British assault on Menin-street, France
September 27: Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St. New York City
September 27: EHC soccer team forms in Hoensbroek, Netherlands


October 4: British assault on Broodseinde, France
October 8: Trotski named chairman of Petrograd Soviet
October 10: Giants Rube Benton is 1st lefty to pitch a World Series no hitter
October 10: Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St. New York City
October 13: Soviet accept establishment of Petrograd Military
October 15: Chicago White Sox beat New York Giants, 4 games to 2 in 14th World Series
October 17: 1st British bombing of Germany
October 21: 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I
October 21: Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
October 23: 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st U.S. shot in WW I
October 23: Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin and Trotsky
October 24: Battle at Caporetto: German and Austria smash Italian army
October 25: In Russia, Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seizes power
October 25: Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
October 26: Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
October 30: British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration
October 31: Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone," premieres in New York City


November 1: In WW I, the 1st U.S. soldiers are killed in combat
November 2: 1st U.S. soldiers killed in combat in WW I
November 2: Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
November 2: Lansing-Ishii Agreement; U.S. recognizes Japan's privileges in China
November 3: 1st class mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
November 5: General Pershing and U.S. troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
November 5: Supreme Court decision (Buchanan vs. Warley) strikes down Lousiville Kentucky ordiance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas
November 6: Bolshevik revolution begins with capture of Winter Palace
November 6: New York state allows women to vote
November 7: British capture Gaza Palestine from Turks
November 7: October Revolution (Oct 26 OS) in Russia, Lenin seizes power
November 8: People's Commissars gives authority to Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin
November 8: Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants
November 10: 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
November 10: Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate, premieres
November 10: New soviet government suspends freedom of press (temporary)
November 16: British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
November 17: Lenin defended "temporary" removal of freedom of the press
November 20: 1st tank battle (Britain breaks through German lines)
November 20: Ukrainian Republic declared
November 21: M Gorki calls Lenin a blind fanatic/unthinking adventurer
November 22: NHL forms with Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Maroons, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs; National Hockey Association disbands
November 28: Sigmund Rombergs revue "Over the Top," premieres in New York City


December 1: Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
December 2: Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
December 6: Finland declares independence from Russia (National Day)
December 6: French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, kills 1,700
December 7: U.S. becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
December 9: British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
December 11: 13 black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot
December 11: German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
December 12: French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
December 12: Reverend Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Neb
December 14: UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
December 15: Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
December 18: Soviet regiment (Stalin/Lenin) declares Finland Independent
December 19: 1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto)
December 19: Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
December 20: Russian secret police in Czechoslovakia forms under Felix Dzerzjinski
December 22: Flanders declares it's independence, under Pieter Tack
December 23: 3 British warships come close to Holland
December 25: Hirsch/Harbach's musical "Going Up," premieres in New York City
December 25: "Why Marry," 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in New York City
December 26: 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
December 26: Federal government took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I
December 30: -32 degrees F (-36 degrees C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
December 30: -37 degrees F (-38 degrees C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)
December 31: Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members
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