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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1915 AD


January 1: DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
January 1: Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
January 4: 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
January 4: Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
January 9: Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
January 11: Col Jacob Ruppert and Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yankees for $460,000
January 12: House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
January 13: Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
January 13: Winston Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
January 15: Japan claims economic control of China
January 15: Sydney, Kern and Smith's musical "Love o' Mike," premieres in New York City
January 16: Congress authorizes $1 and $50 Panama-Pacific International Expo gold coin
January 17: Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
January 17: Russia occupies Bukovina and Western Ukraine
January 18: Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
January 19: 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
January 19: Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
January 21: Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
January 24: German-British sea battle at Doggersbank and Helgoland
January 25: Alexander Graham Bell in New York calls Thomas Watson in SF
January 25: Giordano, Sardou and Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gane" premieres in New York City
January 25: Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (New York to SF)
January 26: Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado established
January 27: U.S. Marines occupy Haiti
January 28: 1st U.S. ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
January 28: U.S. Coast Guard created from Life Saving and Revenue Cutter services
January 28: U.S. President Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
January 30: German submarine attack on Le Havre
January 30: No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic vs. Tas
January 31: 1st German poison gas attack, against Russians


February 3: Turkish and German army reach Suez Canal
February 4: Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
February 7: 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
February 7: 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
February 8: "Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in LA
February 12: Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.
February 16: Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
February 17: Edward Stone, 1st U.S. combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
February 18: Germany begins a blockade of England
February 19: British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast
February 20: Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
February 21: 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
February 21: World's Fair in San Francisco opens
February 22: Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
February 23: Germany sinks U.S. ships Carib and Evelyn and torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
February 23: Nevada enforces convenient divorce law


March 2: British vice adm Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
March 2: Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
March 3: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
March 6: Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
March 8: 1st U.S. Navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
March 10: British expedition Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
March 13: Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
March 14: German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
March 15: Netherlands merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed and sinks in North Sea
March 16: British battle cruisers Inflexible and Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle
March 16: Federal Trade Commission organizes
March 18: Failed British attack in Dardanelles
March 18: French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
March 19: Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
March 23: Zion Mule Corp forms
March 25: 1st submarine disaster; a U.S. F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
March 25: German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea
March 26: Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators


April 5: French begin Woevre-offensive
April 5: Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
April 14: A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
April 14: Dutch merchant Navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
April 15: Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo," premieres in Madrid
April 15: New York Giant Rube Marquard no-hits Bkln, 2-0
April 19: 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
April 22: 1st military use of chlorine poison gas by Germany in WW I
April 22: 2nd Battle of Ypres begins
April 22: New York Yankees don pinstripes and hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
April 23: ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
April 24: Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
April 24: Pittsburghs' Frank Allen no-hits St. Louis (Federal League), 2-0
April 25: 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli
April 26: Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France and Russia


May 1: British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool
May 1: German submarine sinks U.S. ship Gulflight
May 2: Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road
May 4: Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungaryb and Germany
May 5: German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
May 6: Allies attack Cape Helles, Hellespont
May 6: German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
May 6: Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut and 1st home run, loses to Yankees 4-3 in 15
May 7: Lusitania sunk by German submarine; 1198 lives lost
May 8: 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4
May 9: German and French fight Battle of Artois
May 10: Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea
May 12: Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
May 12: Franklin K Mathiews, presents idea of "Book Week"
May 17: 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58
May 17: Cubs George "Zip" Zabel relieves with 2 outs in 1st and winds up with 4-3 19-inning win over Brooklyn in longest relief job ever
May 17: Last liberal British government of Asquith falls
May 17: National Baptist Convention chartered
May 20: Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
May 22: Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland)
May 23: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary and Germany during WW I
May 24: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
May 24: Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations
May 25: 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
May 25: Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
May 26: H H Asquith forms a coalition government in England
May 28: John B. Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
May 31: An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London


June 1: 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
June 5: 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
June 8: 92 degrees F (33.3 degrees C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
June 8: William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State
June 10: British and French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
June 10: Girl Scouts founded
June 12: 29th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Hazel Wightman (46 62 60)
June 15: U.S. government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
June 17: League to Enforce Peace forms in Philadelphia
June 18: 21st U.S. Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
June 20: German offensive in Argonnes
June 21: Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
June 22: BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
June 23: Yankees get record 16 walks and 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
June 23: Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
June 24: 800 dies as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago
June 26: Germany suppresses its "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
June 27: 100 degrees F (38 degrees C), Fort Yukon Alaska (state record)
June 27: Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription


July 1: Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
July 1: Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
July 3: U.S. military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
July 9: Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
July 10: British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
July 11: Germany cruiser Konigsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
July 17: Italian offensive at Isonzo
July 18: 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
July 18: Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
July 19: Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
July 19: Washington Nationals steal record 8 bases vs. Cleveland Indians in the 1st inning
July 24: Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die
July 26: International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
July 28: 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (New York City) protesting lynchings
July 28: U.S. forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924
July 29: Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam home run


August 5: German troops over run Warsaw
August 5: Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
August 7: Assault up Russell's Top at Gallipolis, 232 Australians die
August 7: St. Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Brooklyn rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, and Card runner scores
August 9: British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipolis
August 12: "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, published
August 14: British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
August 15: Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
August 16: KC's Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
August 17: German troops over run Kovno Lithuiana
August 17: Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
August 17: Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
August 18: Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
August 19: Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
August 20: Italy declares war on Turkey
August 20: White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleveland in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, and $31,500
August 23: Czar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
August 25: Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
August 26: German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
August 31: Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits New York Giants, 2-0


September 5: 35th U.S. Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
September 5: Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland
September 7: 35th U.S. Mens Tennis: Wm Johnston beats M E McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
September 7: John Gruelle patents his Raggedy Ann doll
September 7: St. Louis Dave Davenport no-hits Chicago (Federal League), 3-0
September 15: Boston Braves beat St. Louis Cardinals 20-1
September 16: Czar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma
September 16: U.S. takes control of customs and finances of Haiti for 10 years
September 18: Boston Braves trounce St. Louis Cardinals 20-1
September 21: CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for 6,600 pounds
September 21: Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
September 22: Red Sox ask Braves for use of their larger park for World Series
September 22: Southern Methodist University (Dallas Texas) holds its 1st class
September 22: Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in U.S., opens in NO LA
September 25: Battle at Loos: 8,246 British and 0 German casualties
September 28: Battle of Kut-el-Amara: Brits defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
September 29: 1st transcontinental radio telephone message is sent
September 29: British army conquerors Chilly al Imara, Mesopotamie
September 29: Dutch Opera's 1st performance
September 29: Herbert/Blossoms musical "Princess Pat," premieres in New York City
September 29: Hurricane claims 275 in Mississippi Delta
September 29: Philadelphia Phillies clinch their 1st pennant
September 30: Red Sox clinch AL pennant by beating Detroit


October 2: 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley Nevada
October 4: Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established
October 8: Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British and Germans killed
October 8: Phillies win their 1st and only World Series game before 1980, beating
October 8: Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
October 9: Belgrade Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
October 9: Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York
October 9: Louis Kaufmans "Unchastened Woman," premieres in New York City
October 9: Woodrow Wilson becomes 1st President to attend a World Series game
October 11: Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
October 12: Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
October 12: Theodore Roosevelt criticizes U.S. citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
October 13: Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 1 in 12th World Series
October 16: Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
October 18: 3rd Italians offensive at Isonzo
October 19: Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria
October 21: 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Virginia to Paris
October 23: 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)
October 23: 25,000 women march in New York City, demanding right to vote
October 25: Atty James L. Curtis named minister of Liberia
October 28: Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
October 29: Aristide Briand becomes premier of France
October 29: Thomas Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia


November 2: 1st U.S. election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
November 6: 1st military flight in Netherlands East Indies (Tandjong Priok)
November 6: Sophokles Skouloudis forms Greek government
November 7: Austrian submarine torpedoes Italian passenger ship (272 killed)
November 9: Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272
November 12: Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
November 12: Theodore W. Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
November 14: Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
November 20: 7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7
November 24: Serbian leader flees to Albania
November 30: St. John Ervine's "John Ferguson," premieres in Dublin


December 4: F F Fletcher is 1st Admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
December 4: Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County Ga
December 4: Panama Pacific International Exposition opens
December 8: Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premieres
December 10: 1,000,000th model T Ford assembled
December 10: President Woodrow Wilson marries Edith Galt
December 12: 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau Germany
December 12: Aristide Briand forms French war government
December 12: Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
December 14: Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
December 16: Albert Einstein publishes the General Theory of Relativity
December 18: President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt
December 20: Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
December 21: 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
December 22: Federal Baseball League disolved
December 22: Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati
December 23: J Kern/S Greene's musical "Very Good Eddie," premieres in New York City
December 25: Irving Berlin and Harry B Smith's musical premieres in New York City
December 28: SF City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
December 30: Cromarty Harbour, Scot-British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
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