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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1914 AD


January 1: 1st scheduled airline flight, St. Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
January 1: Klaas ter Laan becomes Netherlands 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
January 1: Northern and Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
January 2: Philips installs research department in Eindhoven
January 3: Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in New York City
January 5: Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hour day to $5.00/8-hour day
January 6: Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
January 7: 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal
January 10: 1st edition of Hague's Post under San Francisco van Oss, published
January 10: Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo
January 13: IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
January 14: Henry Ford introduces assembly line, for T-Fords
January 16: Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia
January 17: Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin
January 22: Paul Claudel's "L'echange," premieres in Paris
January 24: Opera "Madeleine," premieres in New York City
January 26: 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
January 26: Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
January 28: 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (New York City)
January 28: Beverly Hills, California, is incorporated


February 1: New York Giants and Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt
February 1: Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
February 1: Tanganyika Railway opens
February 2: James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu," premieres in New York City
February 4: U.S. Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law
February 7: Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"
February 7: Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, San Francisco
February 8: General Zamon becomes president of Haiti
February 13: American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers-ASCAP forms in New York City
February 14: High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
February 16: 1st airplane flight from Los Angeles to San Francisco
February 19: Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini," premieres in Turin
February 21: White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China
February 24: Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks," premieres in New York City
February 26: New York Museum of Science and Industry incorporated
February 28: Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (San Francisco)


March 1: Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
March 7: Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
March 9: Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co
March 9: U.S. Senator Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"
March 10: Suffragettes in London damages painter Rokeby's Venus of Velasquez
March 14: Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty
March 18: White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China
March 19: Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
March 20: 1st international figure-skating tournament held in U.S., New Haven
March 21: U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
March 21: U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
March 22: World's 1st airline, St. Petersburg Tampa Airboat Line, begins
March 27: 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)


April 1: UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
April 4: "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in Los Angeles
April 8: U.S. and Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
April 9: 1st full color film shown "World, Flesh and Devil" in London
April 9: Tampico incident - U.S. ship crew arrested in Mexico
April 9: "World, the Flesh and the Devil," 1st color film, shown in London
April 11: George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," premieres
April 13: 1st Federal League Game: Baltimore Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
April 14: Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
April 20: 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
April 20: 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colorado
April 21: U.S. Marines occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico, stay 6 months
April 22: Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win
April 22: Mexico ends diplomatic relations with U.S.
April 28: 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
April 28: W. H. Carrier patents air conditioner


May 1: China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
May 6: British House of Lords rejects women suffrage
May 7: U.S. Congress establishes mother's day
May 7: Woodrow Wilson's daughter Eleanor marries in White House
May 9: 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4
May 9: President Wilson proclaims Mother's Day
May 14: Chicago Jim Scott no-hits Cleveland, gives up 2 hits in 10th and loses 1-0
May 15: Henri Rabauds opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire," premieres in Paris
May 16: American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City
May 16: Ewing Field, near Masonic Street, opens
May 21: 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8
May 21: Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota
May 25: British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule
May 29: Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St. Lawrence R; 1024 die
May 31: Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleveland Indians, 6-1


June 1: Oscar Egg bicycles world record time (44,247 km)
June 2: Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
June 6: 1st air flight out of sight of land, Scotland to Norway
June 8: 34.7 degrees F (1.5 degrees C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
June 9: Honus Wagner, is 2nd to get 3,000 hits
June 13: 28th U.S. Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Marie Wagner (62 16 61)
June 18: Oscar Egg bicycles world record time (44,247 km)
June 19: 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
June 20: 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
June 24: King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
June 27: Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
June 27: U.S. signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
June 28: Austria invades Siberia, WW I
June 30: Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest, campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa


July 4: 1st U.S. motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
July 5: Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, and win World Series
July 5: Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
July 7: Baltimore Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore and Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty
July 9: 1st U.S. duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, New York
July 10: Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles
July 11: Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleveland 4-3
July 12: Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for Red Sox
July 14: 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted, Dr. Robert Goddard
July 14: NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
July 15: Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
July 16: Socialist conference in Brussel (Kautsky, Trotski and Rosa Luxemburg)
July 17: Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
July 18: U.S. Army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
July 19: Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
July 20: Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
July 23: Austria-Hungary issues ultimatum to Serbia leading to WW I
July 25: Germany soc-democrat "No German blood for Austrian tyrant"
July 25: Last day of club cricket for W G Grace at age 66 He made 69
July 26: Austrian-Hungary condemns Serbian ultimatum
July 26: German chief of staff/General von Moltke states ultimatum on Belgium
July 27: Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
July 28: Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
July 28: Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow
July 28: World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
July 29: 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and SF
July 29: Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
July 29: British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
July 29: Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
July 30: Austrian-Hungary and Russia proclaim general mobilization
July 30: French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
July 30: John French appointed British supreme commander
July 31: German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
July 31: Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo


August 1: British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
August 1: Emperor Wilhelm II declares war on his nephew tsar Nicolas II (WW I)
August 1: France and Germany mobilize
August 1: Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enter Luxembourg Germany declares war on Russia in WW I
August 2: Belgian government receives German ultimatum
August 2: German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
August 2: German troops overthrows Luxembourg
August 2: Germany and Turkey signs secret treaty
August 2: Great Britain mobilizes
August 2: Postdam Conference ended
August 2: Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
August 2: Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place
August 3: 1st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal
August 3: Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army
August 3: French fleet sails to North-Africa
August 3: German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
August 3: Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France in WW I
August 3: Great Britain declares war on Germany
August 3: Turkey signs military pact with Germany
August 3: World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
August 3: Yankee catcher Nunamaker throws out 3 would be stealers in 1 inning
August 4: German army shoots Belgian priests/burns down village of Battice
August 4: German fleet under Admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
August 4: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
August 4: King Albert I becomes supreme commander of Belgian army
August 4: Lord Kitchener becomes British minister of War
August 4: U.S. declares neutrality in WW I
August 5: 1st traffic light installed, Euclid Ave and E 105th St, Cleveland
August 5: Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
August 5: Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
August 5: Massive German assault on forts around Luik
August 5: Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
August 5: U.S. beats Australia, 3-2, to win Davis Cup
August 5: U.S., Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to U.S.
August 5: Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
August 6: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia
August 6: French cavalry enter Belgium
August 6: German Zeppelin bombs Liege City, 9 killed
August 6: Serbia declares war against Germany
August 7: British Gloucester vs German Breslau/Goeben off Greece
August 7: French government awards king Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
August 7: French troops under General Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
August 7: German army occupies city of Liege Belgium
August 7: Lord Kitchner says "Your country needs you," poster spreads over UK
August 8: 3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton "Endurance"
August 8: French troops under General Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas
August 8: Montenegro declares war on Germany
August 9: German submarine U-15 sinks British cruiser
August 10: At Luik, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary
August 10: German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany
August 10: German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas
August 10: Royal Nationally Steuncomite forms
August 11: France declares war on Austria-Hungary
August 11: Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland
August 11: John Wray patents animation
August 12: Cavalery battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle der Zilveren Helmen")
August 12: German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Luik
August 12: Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary
August 12: Russian troops take East-Prussia and occupy Marggrabowa
August 13: Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st U.S. bus line, in Minnesota
August 13: France declares war on Austria-Hungary, leading to WW I
August 13: German army occupies forts at Luik
August 14: British field marshal John French and General Wilson land in France
August 15: 13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2)
August 15: Dinant Belgium destroyed by German bombs
August 15: German assault at Dinant: Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured
August 15: Japan joins side of allies
August 15: Panama Canal opens (under cost)
August 16: German army occupies last fort at Luik, Belgian general Leman caught
August 16: Zapata and Pancho Villa over run Mexico
August 17: French troops under General de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
August 17: Lithuiana surrenders to Germans
August 18: Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
August 18: French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
August 18: President Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"
August 19: Elmer Rice' "On Trial," premieres in New York City
August 19: German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
August 19: German fleet bombs English coast
August 19: Harris Theater (Candler, Coan and Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St. New York City
August 20: Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russian beat Germans
August 20: Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing 1000s
August 20: Battle of Bounderies: Lorraine, Ardennen, Sambre and Meuse, Mons
August 20: Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny France
August 20: German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
August 21: 20th U.S. Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian CC Ill
August 21: Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
August 21: French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
August 22: 1st encounter between British and German troops (in Belgium)
August 22: Battle at Charleroi: General von Bulows troops beat French
August 22: Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny and Virton
August 22: Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
August 22: General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg East Prussia
August 22: German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines Belgium
August 22: Von Ludendorff and von Hindenburg move into E Prussia enroute to Russia
August 23: Battle at Mons: general von Klucks troops beat Britten
August 23: General von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium
August 23: German troops plunder Belgium
August 23: Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
August 24: Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
August 24: German troops occupy Namur Belgium
August 24: Jerome Kern and Michael E Rourles musical premieres in New York City
August 25: Belgian offensive at Antwerp
August 25: Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven Belgium
August 25: German troops march into France pushes French army to the Sedan
August 25: German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp Belgium, 10 die
August 26: Battle of Tannenberg - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
August 26: Russian army atacks Austrian army in Galicia
August 27: 2nd day of battle at Tannenberg: German bombs Usdau
August 27: U.S. war reporter Richard H. Davis visits Leuven
August 28: 3rd day of battle at Tannenberg: violent German/Russian battles
August 28: Battle at Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1100 killed
August 28: John French evacuate Amiens
August 29: 4th day of Tannenberg: Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
August 29: Arizonian is 1st vessel to arrive in San Francisco via Panama Canal
August 29: Battle at St. Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac
August 30: 1st German plane bombs above Paris, 2 killed
August 30: Battle at Tannenberg ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army
August 31: 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan, state record
August 31: General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
August 31: German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
August 31: Germany defeats Russia (battle at Tannenberg/30,000 Russians die)


September 1: 34th U.S. Mens Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (63 86 10-8)
September 1: Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
September 1: St. Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
September 1: Von Glucks army meets up with British expeditionary army
September 2: General von Hausen and countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
September 3: British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attacks the Marne
September 3: Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
September 3: French troops vacate Reims
September 3: Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
September 4: British, French and Russian government sign Pact of London, against Germany
September 4: General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
September 5: Battle of Marne (WW I) begins: Germans chase out Russians
September 5: French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
September 5: Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London
September 5: Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins
September 6: Battle of Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris
September 7: New York Post Office Building opens to public
September 8: British trader Oceanic sinks off Scotland
September 9: Battle of Marne (German advance stalls, Paris saved)
September 9: Belgian offensive from Antwerp
September 9: Boston Brave George Davis no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 7-0
September 11: T Handy publishes "St. Louis Blues"
September 12: Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
September 14: German staff-chief von Moltke replaces von Falkenhayn
September 14: German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches
September 15: Battle of Aisne begins between Germans and French during WW I
September 15: U.S. Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
September 18: Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I
September 18: General von Hindenburgs named commander of German armies on Eastern Front
September 18: Irish home rule bill receive Royal assent
September 18: South African troops land in German South West Africa
September 19: Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits Kansas City (Federal League), 6-2
September 22: 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
September 23: Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
September 26: Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
September 26: Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
September 27: Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
September 28: German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I)
September 29: Boston Braves, who were in last place in mid-July, clinch NL pennant


October 4: Dardanellen (French and English) fleet bombs Turkish forts
October 9: German troops take Antwerp in World War I
October 10: German forces route Belgians in Antwerp Belgium (WW I)
October 11: German troops occupy Gent
October 12: 1st battle at Ypres, begins
October 13: Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre
October 13: Boston Braves sweep Philadelphia A's, 1st sweep in World Series history
October 13: Garrett Morgan invents and patents gas mask
October 13: Pro-German Boers begin opposition of British authority in South Africa
October 14: German troops occupy Brug
October 15: ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) founded
October 15: Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
October 15: Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union and strike rights)
October 19: U.S. Post Office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail
October 21: Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
October 27: British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
October 28: German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
October 28: Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
October 29: Russia declares war on Turkey
October 29: Turkish warships storm Black Sea
October 30: Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins
October 31: Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey


November 1: Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank and Chief Colby
November 1: German-British fleet battle at Coronel, Chile
November 1: Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity
November 1: Von Hindenburg named marshal of Eastern front
November 2: Great Britain annexes Cyprus
November 2: Russia declares war on Turkey
November 2: V Herbert and H Blossoms "Only Girl," premieres in New York City
November 4: Russia declares Turkey the war
November 4: Vogue holds 1st model show ("Fashion Fete," New York City)
November 5: Great Britain and France and Russia declares war on Turkey
November 7: Japan attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
November 12: Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
November 14: Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
November 15: Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il populo d'italia
November 16: Federal Reserve System formally opens
November 16: Pope Benedict XV calls for peace
November 17: U.S. declares Panama Canal Zone neutral
November 20: U.S. State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
November 21: Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
November 21: British army conquerors Bazra
November 22: Ypres Belgium burned by German bombing
November 24: Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party
November 24: Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms
November 26: Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbor England, 788 die
November 27: 1st women elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire UK)


December 2: Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia
December 3: Netherlands army shoots up geinterneerde Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
December 4: Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court
December 5: 6th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats University of Toronto, 14-2
December 6: German troops over run Lodz
December 8: British and German fleets battle at Falkland Island
December 8: Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox
December 8: Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step," premieres in New York City
December 10: French government returns to Paris
December 11: Stockton Street Tunnel (SF) completed
December 15: Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
December 15: British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
December 15: Swedish troops over run Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
December 16: French offensive in Artois (Petain)
December 17: Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
December 17: Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
December 17: Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
December 21: 1st feature-length silent film comedy, "Tillie's Punctured Romance" released. (Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand and Charles Chaplin)
December 21: "Tillie's Punctured Romance," 1st six-reel feature comedy debuts
December 24: German plane drops bombs on Dover England
December 25: Legendary/unofficial "Christmas Truce" takes place (Brits and Germans)
December 31: Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Cap Huston purchase New York Yankees for $460,000
<< 19131915 >>

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