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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1912 AD


January 1: 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" race, 7.63 miles / 12.3 km
January 1: Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
January 3: South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
January 4: Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
January 5: 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
January 6: New Mexico becomes 47th state
January 9: U.S. Marines invade Honduras
January 10: Caillaux government in France resigns
January 10: World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in New York)
January 12: -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
January 13: -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
January 14: Raymond Poincare becomes premier of France
January 17: Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
January 18: English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before
January 29: Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA


February 2: Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
February 7: 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
February 8: 1st eastbound U.S. transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
February 9: U.S. Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion
February 10: Hobbs and Rhodes make 323 cricket opening stand vs. Australia at MCG
February 12: China adopts Gregorian calendar
February 12: Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
February 13: England regains cricket's Ashes
February 14: 1st U.S. submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Connecticut
February 14: Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
February 15: Fram reaches latitude 78 degrees 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
February 16: VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
February 20: Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
February 22: J. Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph - 161.29 kph
February 26: Coal miners strike in England (settle on 03/01)
February 27: Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
February 28: Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50


March 1: Albert Berry makes 1st parachute jump from an airplane
March 1: Isabella Goodwin, 1st U.S. woman detective, appointed, New York City
March 5: Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
March 7: Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole
March 11: 1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-minute periods, formerly played in 30-minute halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep
March 12: Captain Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane
March 12: Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
March 12: Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St. New York City
March 13: Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
March 14: King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
March 15: Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins
March 16: Mrs. William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Washington D.C.
March 17: Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs. Luther Halsey Gulick
March 23: Dixie Cup invented
March 27: 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington D.C.
March 29: Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
March 30: French protectorate in Morocco established


April 2: Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China
April 2: Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
April 4: Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
April 4: Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
April 6: Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
April 8: Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
April 9: 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs. Harvard)
April 9: Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland for New York
April 10: RMS Titanic sets sail for its 1st and last voyage
April 11: Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
April 13: Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF)
April 14: Pan American Union forms
April 15: Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on
April 16: Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel
April 16: Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
April 17: 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
April 19: 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2
April 20: Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat New York Highlanders 7-6 in 11
April 20: Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleveland Indians 6-5
April 26: 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)
April 27: Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands
April 29: 108 degrees F (42 degrees C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
April 29: Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel," premieres in Berlin


May 1: Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
May 1: Beverly Hills Hotel opens
May 4: Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
May 5: 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
May 5: Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
May 7: Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer
May 11: 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4
May 13: Royal Flying Corps forms in England
May 15: 37th Preakness: Clarnence Turner on Colonel Holloway wins in 1:56.6
May 15: Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a New York Highlander game and is suspended
May 18: A's beat Tigers 24-2, who use amateurs protesting Ty Cobbs suspension
May 18: Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies
May 19: AL President Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball
May 28: Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Australia vs. South Africa
May 29: 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
May 30: U.S. Marines sent to Nicaragua
May 31: U.S. Marines land on Cuba


June 1: Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
June 4: Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
June 4: Massachusetts passes 1st U.S. minimum wage law
June 5: U.S. Marines invade Cuba, 3nd time
June 7: St. Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
June 7: U.S. Army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
June 13: Albert Berry made the 1st parachute jump from an airplane
June 13: New York Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
June 15: 26th U.S. Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Eleonora Sears (64 62)
June 19: Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A and L State College
June 20: New York Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd and 3rd twice)
June 20: New York Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
June 26: Gustav Mahlers 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna


July 3: New York Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak
July 4: Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St. Louis Browns, 7-0
July 4: Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
July 6: 5th Olympic games in Stockholm opens
July 6: Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
July 8: G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles vs. Cambridge
July 8: Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
July 10: Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
July 12: 1st foreign feature film exhibited in U.S. - "Queen Elizabeth" - New York City
July 14: Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
July 15: British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
July 16: Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B. A. Fiske
July 17: IAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
July 18: Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
July 20: Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
July 22: 5th Olympic games in Stockholm closes
July 25: Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
July 31: RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
July 31: U.S. government prohibits movies and photos of prize fights


August 2: 18th U.S. Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY
August 7: Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for president
August 14: 2,500 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua; U.S. remains until 1925
August 15: Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
August 19: Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key," premieres
August 20: Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
August 20: Washington Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings
August 21: Mr. Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
August 22: England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
August 22: Richard Catling, commissioner of police (Kenya)
August 24: New York City ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe and victorious U.S. olympians
August 24: Territory of Alaska organizes
August 24: U.S. passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
August 25: 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
August 25: Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
August 26: 32nd U.S. Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
August 26: Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends
August 27: Edgar Rice Burroughs' publishes "Tarzan of the Apes"
August 30: St. Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1


September 3: Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke," premieres
September 3: World's 1st cannery opens in England to supply food to the navy
September 4: 1st accident (collision) in Londoner Underground: 22 injured person
September 6: New York Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0
September 7: Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit
September 9: J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
September 11: Netherland Olympic Committee forms
September 11: Philadelphia A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
September 12: Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
September 15: Red Sox pitcher Joe Wood ties then record of 16 straight wins
September 15: War between Turkey and Montenegro breaks out in Albania
September 17: Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn and hits 4 singles
September 19: Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
September 19: Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
September 22: Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9/7/12)
September 23: 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released
September 23: Mark Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
September 27: W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912
September 28: "Kiche Maru" sinks off Japan, killing 1,000
September 28: SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
September 29: French/British troops lands on Samoa


October 1: Yankees lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
October 5: Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
October 5: Red Sox defeat A's 3-0 for then AL record 105th win
October 5: Yankees win final game at Hilltop stadium
October 6: Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
October 8: 1st Balkan War begins - Montenegro declares war on Turkey
October 8: Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
October 14: Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
October 15: Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield
October 16: Arnold Schonberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres
October 16: Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series
October 17: Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declares war on Turkey
October 18: Beginning of 1st Balkan War
October 18: Italo-Turkish war ends
October 19: Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
October 20: Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St. New York City
October 20: Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
October 26: Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
October 26: Woolwich Tunnel under Thames opens


November 5: Arizona, Kansas and Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
November 5: Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water
November 5: Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) and President Taft (R)
November 9: Ferenc Moln rs "Farkas," premieres in Budapest
November 12: Robert Scott's diary and dead body found in Antarctica
November 18: Albania declares independence from Turkey
November 23: Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
November 25: American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Ill
November 25: Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
November 27: Albanian National Flag adopted
November 27: Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
November 28: Albania declares it's Indepenence from Turkey
November 30: 4th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Alerts defeats Toronto Argonauts, 11-4


December 3: Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
December 3: Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria sign weapons pact
December 6: China votes for universal human rights
December 7: Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
December 12: R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly," premieres in New York City
December 16: 1st U.S. postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
December 16: Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
December 20: J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart," premieres in New York City
December 20: Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faote Maroe," premieres in Paris
December 21: Denmark, Norway and Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
December 23: 1st "Keystone Kops" film, titled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
December 23: Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
December 24: Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
December 28: National Council of Young Israel convenes
December 28: SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St. (MUNI)
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