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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1903 AD


January 2: President T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black
January 5: San Francisco - Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
January 6: Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
January 7: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blanched Soldier"
January 7: Vincent d'Indy's opera "L'etranger," premieres in Brussel
January 9: 2 NYers buy Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 and moved it to NY
January 9: Baseball's National and American Leagues make peace
January 9: Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchase AL Baltimore franchise for $18,000 and move it to New York City (Yankees)
January 9: Wind Cave National Park, SD established
January 12: Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
January 19: 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between U.S. and England
January 19: New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
January 21: Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam
January 21: International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle New York City
January 21: "Wizard of Oz," premieres in New York City
January 29: Dutch railroad workers strike


February 3: Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
February 4: Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winn Victorias, 2 games to 1 and 1 tie
February 7: VVV '03 Soccer team forms in Venlo
February 11: Anton Bruckner's 9th Symfonie premieres in Vienna
February 14: U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor forms
February 15: 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris and Rose Michtom
February 16: -59 degrees F (-51 degrees C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
February 18: Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
February 20: Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
February 21: Cornerstone laid for U.S. Army war college, Washington, D.C.
February 22: Due to drought the U.S. side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
February 23: Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
February 24: U.S. signs agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay Cuba
February 28: Barney Dreyfuss and James Potter buys Philadelphia Phillies for $170,000


March 2: Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in New York City
March 3: North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
March 5: Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn
March 10: Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
March 10: Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
March 12: New York Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
March 14: 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
March 14: Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
March 14: WB Yeats and Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass," premieres in Dublin
March 15: Frederick Lugard occupies Sokoto West Africa
March 22: New York Highlanders (Yankees) tickets 1st go on sale
March 22: Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
March 23: Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
March 26: American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
March 31: Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (New Zealand)


April 6: General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
April 14: Dr. Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid in New York City
April 20: 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
April 20: New York Highlanders play their 1st game, with Jack Chesbro losing 3-1 to Al Orth and Washington
April 22: American Power Boat Association forms
April 22: New York Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game, Senators win 3-1 before 11,950
April 23: New York Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Washington Senators 7-2
April 27: 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
April 27: Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
April 29: Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)
April 30: New York Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St. and Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Washington Senators, 6-2


May 2: 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker aboard Judge Himes wins in 2:09
May 3: AVC Heracles (South Carolina Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
May 6: Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers
May 14: President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco
May 16: 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at San Francisco (George Wymann)
May 16: George Wyman makes 1st motorcycle trip across the US
May 17: Cleveland Indians beat New York Highlanders 9-2 in Columbus Ohio
May 23: 1st automobile trip across U.S. from San Francisco to New York, ended April 1
May 23: 1st direct primary election law in U.S. adopted, by Wisconsin
May 26: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Gables"
May 27: 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
May 27: Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
May 30: 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8


June 2: Netherlands Korfball League forms
June 2: Pirates win a triple header from Dodgers
June 12: Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
June 16: 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox
June 16: Ford Motors incorporates
June 16: Pepsi Cola company forms
June 18: 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in San Francisco; arrives New York 3-months later
June 21: Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place
June 24: Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
June 25: Boston Beaneater Wiley Piatt is only 20th-century pitcher to lose 2 complete games in one day, falling to Pittsburgh 1-0 and 5-3
June 25: Yankees and White Sox end deadlocked at 6-6 in 18
June 27: 9th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 307 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
June 29: British government protests against abuser in Belgian Congo


July 1: 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
July 2: AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
July 2: Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
July 4: Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, President TR sends message
July 6: George Wyman arrives in New York City by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
July 20: Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X
July 23: Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car
July 25: Castle on top of Telegraph Hill closes


August 1: 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed
August 2: Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
August 4: Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
August 8: 3rd Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Boston (4-1)
August 8: In 11th an old black ball is put into play against Cleveland, Tigers' Nap Lajoie protests ignored, he hurls ball out of park and forfeits game
August 14: James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavywgt boxing title
August 16: Tigers play a home game in Toledo, Ohio, Yankees win 12-8
August 17: Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia U and begins Pulitzer Prizes
August 19: Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game
August 23: 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
August 26: Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
August 27: 23rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Hugh L Doherty beats William A Larned (60 63 108)
August 31: Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month


September 6: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Creeping Man"
September 7: Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in NY
September 9: 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
September 14: New York Giant Red Ames no-hits St. Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
September 15: Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
September 17: Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
September 18: Phillie's Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0
September 19: King Leopold II deny Belgian cruelty in Congo
September 21: 1st cowboy film "Kit Carson," premieres in U.S.
September 22: Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
September 24: Alfred Deakin succeeds Edmund Baston as Australia premier
September 24: Bill Bradley becomes 1st Cleveland baseball player (Cleveland Naps) to hit for cycle


October 1: 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
October 8: J. M. Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen," premieres in Dublin
October 9: 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hours (New York City)
October 12: Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St. New York City
October 13: Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premieres in New York City
October 16: Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
October 20: U.S. wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska and Canada
October 24: 1st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
October 24: George Sutton becomes billard champ
October 25: Senate begins investigating Teapot Dome scandals of Harding admin
October 26: Yerba Buena is 1st Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay


November 2: Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St. New York City
November 2: New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St. New York City
November 3: Colombia grants Panama independence
November 6: USA recognizea independence of Panama
November 15: Eugen d'Alberts opera "Tiefland," premieres in Prague
November 16: V Herbert and H Smith' musical "Babette," premieres in New York City
November 18: Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives U.S. exclusive canal rights in Panama
November 19: Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
November 23: Enrico Caruso U.S. debut (Metropolitan Opera House, New York) in "Rigoletto"
November 24: Clyde Coleman of New York City patents automobile electric starter
November 24: George Ade's "County Chairman," premieres in New York City
November 27: Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)


December 1: "The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, released
December 3: Panglima Polim surrenders to Captain Colijn at Atjeh
December 6: Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
December 9: Norwegian parliament vote unanimiously for female suffrage
December 10: Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre/Marie Curie
December 11: British forces under MacDonald and Young march into Tibet
December 12: Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
December 13: Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone in New Jersey
December 13: Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
December 14: Reg Foster completes 287 England vs. Australia on Test Cricket debut
December 16: Majestic Theater, New York City, becomes 1st in U.S. to employ women ushers
December 17: At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
December 19: Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn and Manhattan
December 27: "Sweet Adaline," a barbershop quartet favorite, is 1st sung
December 28: Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It," premieres in New York City
December 28: Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die
December 29: French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
December 30: American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
December 30: Fire at Chicago's Iriquois Theater kills 602
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