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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1901 AD


January 1: Australia declares independence from federation of U.K. colonies
January 1: Commonwealth of Australia established
January 8: NSW score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
January 9: NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 and 156) by innings and 605
January 10: Oil discovered in Texas
January 18: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
January 21: Clyde Fitch's "Climbers," premieres in New York City
January 22: After 63 years England stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series and begins King Edward VII series
January 24: 1st games played in baseball's American League
January 24: Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein
January 31: Boer general John Smuts and De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
January 31: Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
January 31: Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup


February 2: Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
February 3: Dutch troops under General Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilie on Sumatra
February 5: Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
February 5: Pierpont Morgan forms U.S. Steel Corp
February 7: Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
February 12: Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
February 18: H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner
February 20: 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
February 25: George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son," premieres in New York City
February 25: U.S. Steel Corp organized under J. P. Morgan
February 27: NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes


March 2: Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
March 3: Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
March 4: 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
March 4: President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president
March 4: Term of George H. White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
March 11: Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
March 12: Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
March 14: 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
March 15: Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
March 17: Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands
March 23: Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
March 25: 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown Iowa


April 7: SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
April 15: 1st British motorized burial
April 19: 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
April 19: James J Caffrey wins Boston marathon (2:29:23.6)
April 24: 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
April 25: Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run
April 25: In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)
April 25: New York becomes 1st state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee)
April 28: 1st soccer game between Belgium (8) and Netherlands (0)
April 28: Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
April 29: 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
April 29: Anti semitic riot in Budapest


May 1: Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
May 1: Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
May 1: Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
May 3: Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
May 8: In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
May 9: Australia opens its 1st parliament in Melbourne
May 9: Cleveland's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
May 12: President McKinley visits San Francisco
May 16: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School"
May 23: 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
May 23: Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
May 23: Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
May 23: U.S. captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
May 28: 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
May 28: Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
May 30: Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
May 30: Memorial Day 1st observed in U.S.


June 2: Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday, New York
June 9: New York Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13
June 11: Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
June 14: 1st golf championship is played
June 15: 7th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 331 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
June 20: Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a U.S. college
June 24: 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris
June 24: Jewish National Fund starts


July 2: Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
July 12: Cy Young wins his 300th game
July 15: New York Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St. Louis, 5-0
July 22: Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
July 31: Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands


August 1: Burial within San Francisco City limits prohibited
August 5: Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4"
August 9: 34-35 degrees N/98-99 degrees W open for U.S. colonization
August 10: Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners
August 12: Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
August 14: SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska and sinks killing 70
August 15: Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
August 20: Fawcett committee visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
August 21: 21st U.S. Mens Tennis: William Larned beats Beals C Wright (62 68 64 64)
August 21: Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching and spitting on an ump
August 22: Cadillac Co forms
August 30: Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner


September 1: Construction begins on New York Stock Exchange
September 2: Vice President Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly and carry a big stick"
September 3: Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
September 5: National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues forms
September 6: President William McKinley, shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at Pan American Exposition in Buffalo NY, he dies 8th days later
September 7: Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
September 12: Arabs attack Gedara, Palestine
September 17: Battle at Blood River Port: Boer General Botha beats Major Goughs cavalry
September 17: Battle at Elands River Port: Boer General Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
September 19: 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of President William McKinley
September 26: Boer General Botha captures Fort Itala in Natal
September 26: Great Britain annexes Gold Coast (Ghana)
September 28: Guerrilla's assault unarmed U.S. soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed


October 2: 1st Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow
October 12: Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
October 14: Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King," premieres in New York City
October 18: Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
October 19: Edward Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool
October 19: Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
October 24: 1st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
October 26: 1st use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
October 27: 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
October 30: Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lt-colonel Bensons unit vs Boers


November 4: Clyde Fitch' "Way of the World," premieres in New York City
November 11: Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
November 15: James J. Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
November 16: 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
November 20: Opera "Griselidis" is produced (Paris)
November 21: Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot," premieres in Dresden
November 27: Army War College forms in Washington D.C.
November 27: Gerhart Hauptmanns "Der rote Hahn," premieres in Berlin
November 28: Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G, premieres
November 29: East 182nd Street in Bronx is paved and opened


December 2: Gillette patents 1st disposable razor
December 2: King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
December 3: Milwaukee is dropped from the AL and replaced by St. Louis Browns
December 4: Anne Russell's "Girl and the judge," premieres in New York City
December 10: 1st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)
December 11: Marconi sends 1st transatlantic radio signal, Cornwall to Nfld
December 12: Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US
December 13: Test debut of S F Barnes vs. Australia SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
December 14: 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
December 16: Boer general Kritzinger captured
December 25: Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits
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