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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1898 AD

January

January 1: d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
January 1: Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of San Francisco Bay
January 4: 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life and Letters" appears
January 6: 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
January 13: Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Dreyfus
January 14: Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
January 19: Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game

February

February 1: 1st auto insurance policy in U.S. issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
February 8: John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding and gumming mach (Mass)
February 11: Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named minister to Liberia
February 15: USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
February 23: In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus

March

March 2: Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
March 8: Richard Straus' "Don Quixote," premieres in Keulen
March 17: 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, New York City (for 1 hour 40 minutes)
March 24: 1st automobile sold
March 25: Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in New York City

April

April 8: Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
April 11: President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
April 12: Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay to Navy
April 19: 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
April 20: U.S. Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
April 21: Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
April 21: Spanish-American War begins
April 22: 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
April 22: Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
April 22: Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
April 22: Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
April 22: U.S. President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
April 24: Spain declares war on U.S. rejecting ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
April 24: U.S. fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
April 25: U.S. declares war on Spain over Cuba
April 30: Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl

May

May 3: Camp Merriman forms at Presidio
May 4: 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09
May 12: Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
May 17: Camp Merritt forms in Presidio
May 19: Post Office authorizes use of postcards
May 21: U.S. Assay Office in Seattle, Washington authorized
May 23: 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
May 25: 1st U.S. troop transport to Manila leaves San Francisco
May 26: 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
May 26: San Francisco approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
May 27: Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the 'Wells'," premieres in London

June

June 1: Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
June 7: Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chic
June 9: China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
June 10: U.S. Marines land in Cuba, during Spanish-American War
June 11: 1st U.S. Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
June 11: 23rd Preakness: Willie Simms aboard Sly Fox wins in 1:49.75
June 11: 600 U.S. Marines land at Guantanamo Cuba
June 11: Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
June 12: Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to U.S. control
June 13: Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
June 14: France signs Niger Convention
June 15: U.S. House of Representatives accept annexation of Hawaii
June 15: U.S. Marines attack Spanish off Guantanamo, Cuba
June 16: China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
June 17: U.S. Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
June 18: 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
June 18: 4th U.S. Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass
June 21: Guam becomes a territory of U.S.
June 24: American troops, drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas Cuba

July

July 1: Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
July 3: American troops captured deserted Wake Island
July 3: Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
July 3: Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
July 3: U.S. Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
July 4: French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
July 4: U.S. flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
July 7: U.S. annexes Hawaii
July 8: Phillies Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
July 8: U.S. battle fleet under Admiral Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
July 10: Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
July 12: Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
July 13: Guglielmo Marconi patents radio
July 13: San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St. opens
July 17: Spanish American War-Spaniards surrender to U.S. at Santiago Cuba
July 21: Spain cedes Guam to U.S.
July 22: Belgica crew see 1st sunrise in 1600 hours, 1st to endure Antarct winter
July 25: 1st U.S. troops land and occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
July 27: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men"
July 28: Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
July 28: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"
July 30: Will Kieth Kellogg invents Corn Flakes

August

August 12: Hawaii formally annexed to U.S.
August 12: Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
August 13: U.S. forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
August 16: Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
August 23: 18th U.S. Mens Tennis: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight Davis (36 62 62 61)

September

September 1: Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
September 1: Lord Kitcheners army bombs Omdurman Sudan
September 2: Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
September 2: Machine gun 1st used in battle
September 6: Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
September 9: Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
September 10: Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
September 13: 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
September 13: Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
September 15: National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
September 18: Lord Kitcheners ships reach Fashoda Sudan
September 21: China's empress-mother Ci Xi and emperor De Zong arrested
September 26: Victor Herbert/Harry Smith' musical premieres in New York City
September 29: French troops reach Guinea and Sudan, Samori caught
September 30: City of New York established

October

October 1: Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
October 1: Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
October 1: Jews are expelled from Kiev, Russia
October 6: Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
October 8: 1st Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
October 18: American flag raised in Puerto Rico
October 20: North Carolina Mutual and Provident Insurance Company forms

November

November 2: French government-Dupuy forms
November 2: Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
November 5: Gerhart Hauptmanns "Fuhrmann Henschel," premieres in Berlin
November 10: Race riot in Wilmington North Carolina (8 blacks killed)
November 22: Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
November 26: SS Portland leaves for Cape Cod, 157 killed
November 27: Side-wheeler "Portland" sinks off Cape Cod, 190 die

December

December 10: Spanish-American War ends; U.S. acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam
December 12: 1st 1st-class game between NSW and Tasmania
December 18: Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)
December 21: Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discovers radium
December 24: Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto," premieres in Amsterdam
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