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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1897 AD


January 1: 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
January 1: Brooklyn merges with New York to form present City of New York
January 8: Michael Eagan wins 1st U.S. national amateur handball championship
January 10: Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
January 10: Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam and Brussels
January 11: M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in U.S. (Utah)
January 14: 6,960-m (22,834') Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
January 16: John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal
January 23: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange"
January 26: Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
January 27: British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)


February 5: Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
February 10: N.Y. Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
February 11: White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, New York City
February 17: National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)


March 4: William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US
March 9: Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
March 9: Indian, fans start calling the team Indians (in 1915 becomes official)
March 9: Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
March 12: Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal," premieres in Brussel
March 15: 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
March 16: Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot"
March 17: After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world HW championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
March 19: Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
March 20: 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
March 20: 1st U.S. orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in New York
March 20: France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
March 29: Japan adopts Gold Standard


April 19: 1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)
April 19: 1st Boston Marathon won by John McDermott of New York in 2:55:10
April 19: 1st performance of Debussy's "Pelleas et Melisande"
April 22: New York City Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
April 24: 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
April 27: Grant's Tomb (famed of song and legend) dedicated


May 4: 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12
May 4: Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
May 8: 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51
May 11: Washington Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers
May 12: 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
May 12: Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
May 14: Great Britain signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
May 18: Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
May 18: New York Giant William Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game
May 18: Paul Dukas "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market," premieres
May 21: Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time
May 29: 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23


June 12: Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (negligible death toll)
June 15: Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
June 17: William Frank Powell, New Jersey educator, named minister to Haiti
June 24: Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
June 28: Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
June 29: Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball)


July 1: Bronx acquires Hutton Square
July 8: Harbor Hospital formally opens
July 11: Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
July 17: 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
July 18: 3rd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis wins
July 18: Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
July 21: Tate Gallery opens in England
July 26: 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
July 27: 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hhourr record)
July 27: Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns


August 3: John McNally's musical "Good Mr. Best," premieres in New York City
August 4: Henry A. Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
August 10: Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Auto Club)
August 17: W B Purvis patents electric railway switch
August 19: 1st electric taxi's drive in London
August 21: Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
August 27: Roger Bresnahan debuts as Washington Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)
August 31: General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum


September 7: George Davis (Giants) home run off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH
September 10: Police shoot at striking mine workers in Penns, kills 20
September 17: 3rd U.S. Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois
September 18: Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of New York City," premieres in New York City
September 21: New York Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus," editorial
September 23: 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
September 25: 1st British bus service opens


October 4: George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple," premieres in New York City
October 5: Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
October 8: Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
October 15: Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
October 15: King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
October 21: Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
October 22: World's 1st car dealer opens in London


November 6: Peter Pan opens in New York at Empire Theater
November 23: Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler," to connect railroad cars
November 23: Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
November 24: Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
November 25: Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
November 29: 1st motorcycle race (Surrey England)


December 12: Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania
December 12: Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in New York Journal
December 16: 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
December 27: Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
December 28: Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac," premieres in Paris
December 30: Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
December 31: Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into New York City (1/1/1898)
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