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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1896 AD


January 1: Wilhelm Rontgen announces his discovery of x-rays
January 2: Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr. Jamesons troops)
January 3: Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid
January 4: AFL charters Actors' National Protective Union, New York City
January 4: Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
January 5: German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen's discovers x-rays
January 5: Isaac Albeniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez," premieres in Barcelona
January 6: 1st U.S. women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden
January 6: Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony
January 7: Fanny Farmer publishes her 1st cookbook
January 12: 1st X-ray photo in U.S. (Dr. Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
January 15: Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael and his Lost Angel," premieres in London
January 18: 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in U.S. (New York City)
January 18: British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
January 23: Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E, premieres
January 27: Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
January 29: Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer


February 1: Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin
February 8: Georges Feydeaus' "Le Dindon," premieres in Paris
February 8: Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf
February 11: Oscar Wildes "Salom" premieres in Paris
February 14: George Lohmann takes a hat-trick vs. South Africa, 8-7 for inning
February 14: South Africa all out for 30 vs. England - their lowest ever
February 14: Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
February 14: Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
February 17: London Country Councils' Muzzling Order becomes effective
February 18: Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
February 23: Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
February 24: Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15 Jarvis 4-27
February 25: Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
February 28: France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar


March 1: Battle of Adua: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians
March 2: Battle of Aduwa, Abyssinia (Ethiopia) defeats invading Italians
March 2: George Lohmann takes 9-28 vs. South Africa at Johannesburg
March 5: Italian premier Crispi resigns
March 5: Italians governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
March 6: 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"
March 7: Gilbert and Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke," premieres in London
March 8: Volunteers of America forms (New York City)
March 10: Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
March 10: Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18
March 12: 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
March 14: Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
March 16: Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
March 20: Marines land in Nicaragua to protect U.S. citizens
March 20: Uprising in Matabeleland
March 22: Charilaos Vasilakos wins 1st marathon (3:18)
March 23: Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chenier," premieres in Milan
March 25: Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece
March 28: The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
March 31: Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening, also known as the zipper


April 4: Announcement of Gold in Yukon
April 5: 1st modern Olympic Games officially opens in Athens
April 6: 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece, American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history
April 10: Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
April 12: Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)
April 14: John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres (New York City)
April 15: 1st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece
April 19: Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
April 20: 1st public film showing in U.S. John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres in New York City
April 23: Premier of motion pictures (Koster and Bial's Music Hall, New York City)
April 23: Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (New York City)
April 25: Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
April 25: Sidney Jones and Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London


May 4: 1st edition of London Daily Mail ( penny)
May 4: Grease fire ignites ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado
May 6: 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75
May 8: Yorkshire Cricket all out for 887 against Warwickshire
May 9: 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
May 14: Lowest U.S. temperature in May recorded -10 degrees F - Climax, Colorado
May 15: Tornado kills 78 in Texas
May 18: U.S. Supreme Court affirms race separation (Plessy vs. Ferguson)
May 19: 1st auto (Benz) to arrive in Netherlands
May 26: 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY
May 26: Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
May 26: Last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
May 27: Bay District Race Track closes
May 27: Tornado hit St. Louis, killing 255 and leaving thousands homeless
May 30: 1st car accident occurs, Henry Wells hit a bicyclist (New York City)


June 2: 30th Belmont: Henry Griffin aboard Hastings wins in 2:24
June 2: Guglielmo Marconi patents the radio
June 4: Henry takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit
June 6: 21st Preakness: Henry Griffin aboard Margrave wins in 1:51
June 6: George Samuelson leaves New York harbor to row across Atlantic
June 7: G Harpo and F Samuelson leave New York to row the Atlantic (takes 54 days)
June 11: U.S. Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
June 15: Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku Japan 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured, with 13,000 houses destroyed
June 16: Temperature hits 127 degrees F at Fort Mojave, California
June 26: 1st movie theater in U.S. opens, charging 10 cents for admission
June 30: W. S. Hadaway patents electric stove


July 1: Harbor of Ymuiden opens
July 1: Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister
July 8: William Jennings Bryan "cross of gold" speech at Dem convention
July 13: Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 home runs in a game
July 18: 2nd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
July 18: George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
July 18: Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut vs. Australia, Old Trafford
July 21: National Federation of Afro-American Women and Colored Women's
July 28: City of Miami incorporated


August 1: George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (New York to England)
August 6: France annexes Madagascar
August 11: Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
August 12: Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson
August 12: Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
August 16: Gold discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala
August 17: George Washington Carmack discoveres gold in Klondike region of Yukon
August 18: Adolph Ochs (39) buys New York Times
August 20: Dial telephone patented
August 26: Armenian revolutionairy assault on Ottoman Bank Constantinople
August 27: England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
August 29: Chop suey invented in New York City by chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador
August 31: Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary," premieres in New York City


September 7: 1st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, RI
September 7: A. H. Whiting wins 1st automobile race held on a track in Cranston, Rhode Island
September 20: John Mcdermott wins 1st U.S. marathon (New York City)
September 21: General Kitcheners army occupies Dongola Sudan


October 1: Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place
October 1: Yosemite becomes a National Park
October 5: William Gillette's "Secret Service," premieres in New York City
October 8: Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
October 17: Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St. Petersburg
October 26: Abyssinia and Italy sign peace treaty
October 27: 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
October 30: Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator


November 1: 1st bare women breast (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Mag
November 3: J. H. Hunter patents portable weighing scales
November 3: Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator
November 3: William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president
November 11: Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
November 14: Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
November 19: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire"
November 24: 1st U.S. absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
November 26: 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats University of Michigan 7-6
November 26: A. A. Stagg of U Chicago creates football huddle
November 27: "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt


December 1: 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
December 2: Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke," premieres in Berlin
December 5: Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer," premieres in Leipzig
December 6: D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
December 8: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter"
December 10: 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
December 10: Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi," premieres in Paris
December 25: "Stars and Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
December 30: Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
December 31: 25th auto built in US
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