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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1895 AD


January 1: Norway adopts Mid-European time
January 5: French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later declared innocent
January 5: Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
January 5: Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 years 64 days
January 13: Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London
January 15: Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
January 15: French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
January 15: Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St. Petersburg
January 17: Felix Faure installed as president of France
January 17: French president Casimir-Perier resigns
January 18: Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms
January 22: National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
January 29: King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
January 30: C. J. Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
January 30: SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
January 30: Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
January 31: Jose Marti and others leave New York City for invasion of Spanish Cuba


February 3: Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 seconds)
February 4: 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
February 8: Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake," premieres in Petersburg
February 9: 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
February 9: Volleyball invented by W. G. Morgan in Massachusetts
February 11: -17 degrees F (-27.2 degrees C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
February 11: Georgetown became part of Washington D.C.
February 13: Moving picture projector patented
February 14: Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
February 15: 23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans
February 20: Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Denver, Colorodo
February 21: North Carolina Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass
February 23: Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
February 23: William Heard, AME minister and educator, named minister to Liberia
February 24: Cuban war for independence begins
February 26: Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine


March 4: Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony, premieres in Berlin
March 6: England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
March 6: J. T. Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 minutes) England vs. Australia
March 9: Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1
March 11: Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed
March 13: Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die
March 18: 200 blacks leave Savannah, Georgia for Liberia
March 19: Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
March 22: Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
March 25: Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
March 26: King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
March 30: British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge


April 5: Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
April 5: Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students"
April 11: Anaheim completes it's new electric light system
April 13: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist"
April 14: 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
April 15: Josephine Blatt (U.S.) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
April 17: Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
April 24: Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat


May 6: 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37
May 8: China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
May 17: W G Grace completes his 100th 100 vs. Somerset at Bristol
May 20: 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, New York City)
May 24: Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
May 25: 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50
May 25: Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite
May 27: British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
May 30: W. G. Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days


June 11: Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
June 13: Emile Levassor wins 1st Paris-Bordeaux-Paris auto race (24 kph)
June 17: U.S. Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
June 20: 1st female PhD (science) earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin)
June 20: Canal of Smock official opens
June 20: Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation
June 21: British Roseberry government falls
June 28: El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union


July 3: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter"
July 4: Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
July 8: Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
July 11: Auguste and Louis Lumiere show film for scientists
July 16: Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs vs. Somerset at Taunton


August 10: 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagners "Rienzi")
August 20: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder"
August 26: Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
August 27: 15th U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (63 62 64)
August 30: Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
August 31: 1st pro football game (quarterback John Brallier paid $10 and won 12-0)


September 3: 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
September 5: George Washington Murray elected to Congress from South Carolina
September 9: American Bowling Congress forms (New York City)
September 11: FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
September 12: Defender (U.S.) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup
September 18: Booker T. Washington delivers "Atlanta Compromise" address
September 18: D D Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, becomes 1st chiropractor
September 21: 1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
September 23: French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
September 24: 1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months)
September 26: Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
September 30: France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar


October 1: Romanians in Costantinople massacred
October 2: 1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper
October 4: 1st U.S. Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport Golf Club Rhode Island
October 4: Horace Rawlins wins 1st U.S. Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
October 8: Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
October 11: Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
October 22: David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland," premieres in New York City


November 2: 29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11
November 5: 1st U.S. patent granted for auto, George B. Selden
November 5: George Selden patents 1st gasoline-driven car
November 5: King Edward VII says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
November 5: U.S. state Utah accepts female suffrage
November 8: Wilhelm Roentgen (Germany) discovers X-rays
November 11: Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
November 13: 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
November 19: Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
November 21: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans"
November 26: Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms
November 27: Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize
November 28: America's 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH


December 2: 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
December 7: Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
December 8: Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out
December 13: 1st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony
December 17: Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
December 17: George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
December 28: World's 1st movie theater opens in Paris
December 29: Dr. L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg
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