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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1894 AD


January 1: Denmark adopts Mid-European time
January 1: Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
January 4: France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
January 7: Motion picture experiment of comedian Fred Ott filmed sneezing
January 8: Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
January 9: "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters
January 9: Georges Feydeau's "Un la Patte," premieres in Paris
January 13: Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
January 21: Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
January 23: G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
January 25: James J. Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
January 27: 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
January 27: Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
January 30: Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
January 30: U.S. flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Admiral Benham


February 2: U.S. warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
February 3: 1st U.S. steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me
February 5: Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
February 8: Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
February 14: Venus is both a morning star and evening star
February 16: British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
February 23: Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
February 24: Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)


March 3: 1st Greek-language publication in U.S. begins, "NY Atlantis"
March 3: 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns
March 4: Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
March 5: Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in U.S.
March 8: New York passes 1st state dog license law
March 12: Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday and Friday
March 13: J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
March 16: Jules Massenet's opera "Thais," premieres in Paris
March 17: U.S. and China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering U.S.
March 22: Stanley Cup: Mont AAA beat Ottawa Generals, 3-1 (1st Cup game ever)
March 24: 37 miners killed at Franklin, Washington
March 25: Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon Oh for Wash


April 5: 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
April 5: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Empty House"
April 9: 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
April 12: British and Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa
April 14: 1st public showing of Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)
April 14: Thomas Edison presents "peep show" device
April 19: Jules Massenet's opera "Werther," premieres in New York City
April 20: 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
April 21: George Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," premieres in London
April 24: French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
April 24: Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Brooklyn Dodgers
April 29: Commonweal of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol


May 11: American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
May 12: Ludwig Englander's musical "Passing Show," premieres in New York City
May 14: Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
May 15: 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41
May 16: Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium and 170 other buildings
May 17: 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49
May 23: William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
May 26: Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
May 28: Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
May 30: Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 home runs in 1 baseball game
May 31: John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"


June 15: Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
June 17: 1st U.S. poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont
June 18: Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
June 19: 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56
June 21: Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
June 22: Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner
June 24: Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years
June 25: American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
June 26: Karl Benz of Germany receives U.S. patent for gasoline-driven auto
June 28: Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday
June 30: Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
June 30: London Tower Bridge opens


July 2: Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
July 4: Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st U.S. autos at 6 MPH
July 4: Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B. Dole as president
July 6: Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
July 16: Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan and England
July 20: 2000 federal troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike


August 2: Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
August 2: Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
August 16: Indian chiefs from the Sioux and Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity and return to their old Indian faith
August 17: Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
August 18: Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
August 25: Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
August 26: Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
August 27: Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
August 30: Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
August 31: Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases


September 2: Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
September 2: Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
September 4: In New York City, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
September 4: Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms
September 14: Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails
September 15: Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
September 27: Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
September 28: Simon Marks and Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester


October 1: Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
October 15: Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
October 17: Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
October 26: German emperor Wilhelm II fires Chancellor Leo von Caprivi and premier Botho zu Eulenburg
October 28: German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi and premier Botho zu Eulenburg
October 29: 1st election of Hawaiian Republic
October 30: Daniel Cooper patents time clock


November 1: Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr. Roux of Paris
November 5: Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
November 5: Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels," premieres
November 10: Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
November 14: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez"
November 16: 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
November 16: French Captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki West Africa
November 17: Daily Racing Form founded
November 18: 1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species," by Richard Outcault
November 18: 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (New York World)
November 19: 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 and 5 Ap)
November 19: Dutch troops occupy and plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
November 20: U.S. intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
November 25: Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
November 26: King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France


December 5: Georges Feydeaus' "L'hotel du lobre echange," premoeres on Paros
December 9: Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
December 14: Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren
December 20: England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket
December 22: Debussy's "Prelude l'apres-midi d'un faune," premieres
December 22: Dutch coast hit by hurricane
December 22: French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
December 22: United States Golf Association forms (New York City)
December 23: Debussy's ballet "L'apres-midi d'un faune," premieres in Paris
December 24: Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
December 24: Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
December 25: 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, California in football
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