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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1891 AD


January 1: French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
January 1: King Pakketvaart sails to Netherlands Indies
January 26: Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua," premieres in New York City
January 27: Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania


February 6: 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
February 7: Great Blizzard of 1891 begins
February 9: 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento
February 18: Captain Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
February 24: French troops under captain Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
February 26: 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
February 26: Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler," premieres in Oslo
February 28: Oscar Grunden skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)


March 3: Congress creates U.S. Courts of Appeal
March 3: Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Department) created
March 17: British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
March 18: Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
March 21: A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia it started with an accusation of pig-stealing and lasted 20 years
March 28: 1st world weightlifting championship held


April 1: London-Paris telephone connection opens
April 1: Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
April 7: Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
April 11: 8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
April 23: Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
April 24: Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"
April 25: President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco


May 1: Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3
May 5: Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in New York, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor
May 6: Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
May 7: Battle in Bunyoro: Captain F Lugard stops Moslem rebellion, 300 killed
May 12: Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo Suriname
May 13: 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52
May 15: British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
May 15: Jules Massenets opera "Griselde," premieres in Paris
May 15: Operations begin at Philips and Co in Holland
May 15: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum
May 16: George A Hormel and Co introduce Spam
May 19: Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered
May 21: Boxers Peter Jackson and Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds
May 22: 1st motion picture shown to National Federation of Women's Clubs
May 31: Work on trans-Siberian railway begins


June 9: Painter Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
June 10: 25th Belmont: Ed Garrison aboard Foxford wins in 2:08.75
June 11: Puerto Rican flag adopted
June 29: National Forest Service organized


July 5: Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
July 7: Travelers checks patents
July 8: 61 degrees F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
July 8: Future president Harding marries Florence K DeWolfe in Marion Ohio
July 9: Irene Coit is 1st woman admitted to Yale University
July 14: John T. Smith patents corkboard
July 26: Henry James' "American," premieres in London
July 27: Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as Governor of Suriname


August 5: 1st travelers checks issued, American Express
August 17: 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in New York City (People's Bath)
August 17: Electric self-starter for automobile patented
August 18: Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
August 19: William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
August 21: Dutch Mackay government resigns
August 24: Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera


September 3: 11th U.S. Mens Tennis: Oliver S Campbell beats C Hobart (26 75 79 61 62)
September 3: Cotton pickers organize union and staged strike in Texas
September 3: John Stephens Durham, named minister to Haiti
September 7: Captain Frederick Lugards army reaches Kavalli Equatoria
September 14: "Empire State Express" train goes from New York City to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
September 18: Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief


October 12: Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
October 18: 1st international 6-day bicycle race in U.S. (MSG, New York City) begins
October 20: 1st International 6 day bike race (New York MSG) begins
October 25: 1st International 6 day bike race (New York MSG) ends
October 28: Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300


November 10: 1st Woman's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
November 10: Granville T. Woods patents electric railway
November 30: Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published


December 1: James Naismith creates the game of basketball
December 2: 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
December 7: 52nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
December 15: James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
December 19: Canadian Rugby Union forms
December 20: Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses
December 21: 18 students play 1st basketball game (Springfield College)
December 29: Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)
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