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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1885 AD


January 2: General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
January 4: Dr. W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
January 11: Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo
January 17: British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
January 19: Battle at Abu Klea Sudan, 800-1000 killed
January 25: Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie," premieres
January 26: Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum


February 5: News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
February 9: 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
February 12: Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
February 17: Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
February 18: Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," published
February 21: Washington Monument dedicated in Washington D.C.
February 25: U.S. Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
February 26: Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England


March 3: 1st U.S. state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
March 3: American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
March 3: Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
March 3: U.S. Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
March 4: Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premieres in London
March 4: Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War
March 14: Gilbert and Sullivan's "Mikado," premieres in London
March 14: "Mikado" opera premieres in London
March 15: 1st performance of Cesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
March 19: Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
March 20: John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
March 20: Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
March 21: 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
March 26: Eastman Film Co. manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
March 26: Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
March 28: U.S. Salvation Army officially organized
March 31: Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate


April 30: Boston Pops Orchestra forms


May 1: Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
May 2: Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
May 2: "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
May 7: John E. W. Thompson, named minister to Haiti
May 8: Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
May 14: 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37
May 15: Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
May 19: 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
May 19: German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
May 19: Jan Matzeliger begins 1st mass production of shoes
May 22: 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49


June 6: 19th Belmont: Paul Duffy aboard Tyrant wins in 2:43
June 6: Opera "Lakme" is produced, Paris
June 12: Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
June 17: Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City
June 24: British government of Salisbury forms
June 24: Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st U.S. black bishop


July 2: Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
July 6: Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine


August 7: 5 German warships anchor at Zanzibar
August 10: Leo Daft opens America's 1st coml operated electric streetcar (Balt)
August 11: $100,000 raised in U.S. for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
August 29: Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves and 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan and Dominick McCaffrey
August 29: Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
August 29: Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0
August 30: 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda


September 4: 1st cafeteria opens (New York City)
September 5: 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft. Wayne, Ind)
September 11: Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
September 12: Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
September 16: Puritan (U.S.) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
September 21: Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
September 24: 5 German warships depart to Zanzibar
September 30: Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate


October 1: Special delivery mail service begins in US
October 15: Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
October 17: Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
October 22: John Ward and several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Professional Baseball Players, 1st baseball union
October 24: Johann Strauss' opera "Zigeunerbaron," premieres in Vienna
October 25: John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E, premieres


November 1: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
November 3: Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes and businesses
November 6: U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada directed to close
November 7: Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
November 9: Opera "Ermine," premieres in London
November 10: Gottlieb Daimler's motorcycle, world's 1st, unveiled
November 12: Montreal and Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
November 13: Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
November 23: Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
November 26: 1st meteor photograph
November 30: Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)


December 2: Opera "Regina di Saba," premieres in Vienna
December 7: 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
December 17: France declares Madagascar a protectorate
December 22: Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
December 29: Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany)
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