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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1884 AD


January 4: Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
January 8: Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
January 18: General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
January 19: Jules Massenet's opera "Manon," premieres in Paris
January 26: 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria


February 1: 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
February 7: Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
February 18: General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
February 18: Police seize all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In"
February 19: Tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill 800 people
February 26: British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II


March 8: 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite
March 12: Mississippi establishes 1st U.S. state college for women
March 13: Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
March 13: U.S. adopts Standard Time
March 17: John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
March 27: 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston - New York


April 2: London prison for debtors closed
April 10: U.S. Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
April 20: Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
April 21: Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
April 22: Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 years 9 mos)
April 22: U.S. recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
April 24: National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta


May 1: Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
May 1: Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
May 13: Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
May 14: Anti-Monopoly party forms in U.S.
May 16: 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40
May 17: Alaska becomes a U.S. territory
May 19: Ringling Brothers circus premieres
May 22: 1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
May 23: 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39
May 24: Anti-Monopoly party and Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
May 26: Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
May 29: 1st steam cable trams start in highgate


June 3: John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
June 4: 18th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Panique wins in 2:42
June 5: William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected"
June 16: On Coney Island, the 1st roller coaster begins operating
June 24: John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention


July 3: Dow Jones published it's 1st stock avg
July 4: 1st U.S. bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
July 4: Statue of Liberty presented to U.S. in Paris
July 5: German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
July 5: U.S. Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
July 10: 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
July 21: 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's


August 2: Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent
August 5: Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (New York City)
August 7: Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
August 11: 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Australia
August 12: Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
August 28: 1st known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota
August 28: Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces


September 10: Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
September 20: 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
September 20: Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for President and Vice President
September 24: Dixey, Rice and Gill's musical "Adonis," premieres in New York City
September 26: Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed


October 6: Naval War College forms in Newport RI
October 13: Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
October 14: George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film
October 22: General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
October 22: Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds New York City to determine baseball champion
October 23: 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats New York Mets (AA) 6-0
October 25: 1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps New York Mets (AA) in 3
October 27: Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in New York City


November 4: Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for 1st President term
November 6: British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
November 6: Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
November 8: German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
November 15: Colonization of Africa orgainized at International conference in Berlin
November 17: Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
November 22: T Thomas Fortune starts New York Freeman (New York Age) newspaper
November 25: John B Meyenberg of St. Louis patents evaporated milk


December 6: Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC
December 9: Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
December 12: 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
December 16: Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 19: Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 24: Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 27: Netherlands recognizes king Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 30: Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig
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