history fiend logo history fiend area
history fiend spacer

Find Events By Day


Follow History Fiend on Twitter

Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1881 AD


January 1: Dr. John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
January 2: Camille Saint-Saens' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
January 4: Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau
January 22: Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park
January 26: Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
January 28: Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British


February 1: U.S. Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri authorized
February 5: Phoenix Arizona incorporates
February 7: Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
February 10: Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman," premieres in Paris
February 19: Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
February 24: De Lesseps' Co begins work on Panama Canal
February 26: Natal: British troops under General-major Colley occupy Majuba Hill
February 26: SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
February 27: Battle at Amajuba, South Africa: Boers vs. British army under General Colley


March 4: California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
March 4: Holmes and Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet," 1st case together
March 4: James A. Garfield inaugurated as 20th president
March 4: South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
March 16: Barnum and Bailey Circus debuts
March 18: Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens (MSG)
March 23: Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
March 23: Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
March 28: Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum and James A Bailey


April 1: Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
April 1: Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
April 5: Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
April 11: River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
April 11: Spelman College founded
April 18: Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
April 23: Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
April 25: 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
April 25: French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia
April 27: Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad


May 5: Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
May 8: Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
May 10: Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
May 11: Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa," premieres in Prague
May 12: France sign treaty of protection with Tunisia colony
May 12: Treaty of Bardo, Tunis becomes a French protectorate
May 16: World's 1st elec tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
May 17: 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40
May 17: Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Washington D.C.
May 17: Revised version of New Testament
May 21: American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
May 21: U.S. Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms
May 24: Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
May 27: 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40


June 1: Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
June 2: Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
June 7: 15th Belmont: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47
June 14: Player piano patented by John McTammany, Jr. (Cambridge, Mass)
June 16: Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
June 19: Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
June 24: 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla Mexico
June 29: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud
June 30: Henry Highland Garnet, named minister to Liberia


July 1: 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St. Stephen, NB
July 1: U.S. Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri opens
July 2: President Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
July 4: Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
July 20: Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to federal troops
July 26: French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax


August 1: U.S. Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
August 3: Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
August 3: U.S. Nation Lawn Tennis Association removes "Nation" from name
August 4: 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Seville, Spain (European record)
August 13: Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
August 27: Hurricane hits Florida and Carolinas; about 700 die
August 31: 1st U.S. men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)


September 3: 1st U.S. Mens Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (60 63 62)
September 3: Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony
September 9: Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
September 11: Triple landslides bury Elm, Switzerland
September 13: Lewis Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
September 20: Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president
September 24: Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
September 27: Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12


October 4: Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
October 11: David Houston patents roll film for cameras
October 12: Henry M. Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
October 13: Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
October 15: 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
October 22: Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its 1st concert
October 24: Levi P. Morton, U.S. ambas to France drives 1st rivet in Stat of Liberty
October 25: Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday and Clanton engage in "Shootout at OK Corral"
October 26: Gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona
October 31: Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)


November 2: Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
November 5: French government-Ferry resigns
November 14: Charles J. Guiteau went on trial for President Garfield's assassination
November 14: Leon Gambetta forms French government
November 15: American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)


December 3: Henry M Stanley finds Leopoldville/Kinshasa
December 5: 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
December 8: Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
December 19: Opera "Herodiade" is produced (Brussels)
<< 18801882 >>

Copyright © 2009 - 2018 History-Fiend.com Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | Contact Us