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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1878 AD


January 8: Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent and Henry Morton Stanley
January 10: U.S. Senate proposes female suffrage
January 14: U.S. Supreme Court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
January 28: 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
January 28: George W. Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
January 28: Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper


February 2: Greece declares war on Turkey
February 10: Peace of Zanjon
February 10: Peter Tsjaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F, premieres
February 11: 1st U.S. bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
February 11: 1st weekly Weather report published in UK
February 12: Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
February 16: Silver dollar became U.S. legal tender
February 17: 1st telephone exchange in San Francisco opens with 18 phones
February 19: Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
February 21: 1st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
February 22: Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
February 28: U.S. congress authorizes large-size silver certificate


March 3: Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
March 13: Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
March 24: British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
March 26: Hastings College of Law founded
March 26: Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
March 31: Jack Johnson is 1st black to hold a heavyweight boxing title


April 2: 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
April 9: 1st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
April 10: California St. Cable Car RR Co starts service
April 15: Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
April 21: New York installs 1st firehouse pole
April 21: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
April 21: Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
April 23: 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram


May 2: U.S. stops minting 20 cent coin
May 4: Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
May 8: 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
May 14: Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)
May 19: Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
May 21: 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37
May 23: Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
May 24: CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
May 25: Gilbert/Sullivans opera "HMS Pinafore," premieres in London
May 27: 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
May 27: Australians Cricket 41 and 12-1 defeat MCC 33 and 19
May 31: German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed
May 31: U.S. Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation


June 4: Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
June 8: 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43
June 11: DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
June 13: Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization
June 15: 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground


July 1: Treaty of Berlin divide Africa up for colonization
July 7: Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
July 9: An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
July 12: Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
July 13: Congress of Berlin discusses division of African colonization ends
July 13: Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
July 20: 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
July 30: German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
July 30: Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties


August 21: American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, New York
August 21: Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match


September 1: 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
September 3: England's Princess Alice sinks; 645 die
September 12: Cleopatra Needle installed in London
September 30: 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii


October 15: Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
October 18: Edison makes electricity available for household usage
October 21: German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"


November 1: Edward Scripps and John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
November 6: Henrik Ibsens "Samfundets Stotter," premieres in Oslo
November 10: Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa," premieres in Moscow


December 1: 1st White House telephone installed
December 3: Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah Israel
December 9: Joseph Pulitzer buys St. Louis Dispatch for $2,500
December 12: Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St. Louis Dispatch"
December 18: French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanellen, 210 killed
December 26: 1st U.S. store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
December 28: Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
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