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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1877 AD


January 1: England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
January 15: U.S. Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
January 16: Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
January 25: Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
January 30: Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces


February 7: 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (New York City)
February 12: 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Mass
February 12: U.S. railroad builders strike against wage reduction
February 20: 1st cantilever bridge in U.S. completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
February 20: International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
February 27: U.S. Electoral College declares R. Hayes winner presidential election


March 2: Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
March 3: Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
March 4: Tsjaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer," premieres in Moscow
March 5: Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th U.S. president
March 12: British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
March 12: Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
March 15: Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia vs. England at MCG
March 16: Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 vs. Eng
March 17: Bill Midwinter completes Test Crickets' 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 vs. Eng
March 18: President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington D.C.
March 19: Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
March 24: University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
March 31: British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
March 31: Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Australia vs. England MCG


April 2: 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
April 10: 1st human cannonball act performed in London
April 10: Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
April 12: British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
April 12: Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
April 15: 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
April 19: Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
April 24: Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south in New Orleans
April 24: Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
April 27: Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
April 27: President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends


May 8: 1st Westminster Dog Show held
May 12: Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
May 13: Cesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides," premieres
May 17: Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
May 22: 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
May 24: 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45


June 1: Society of American Artists forms
June 1: U.S. troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
June 9: 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46
June 15: Henry O. Flipper becomes 1st black graduate at West Point


July 1: 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
July 9: 1st Wimbledon tennis championship is held
July 14: General strike brings U.S. railroad to a stand still
July 19: 1st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
July 20: Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
July 21: U.S. Army breaks railroad strike
July 23: 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
July 23: 1st U.S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
July 24: 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers


August 2: San Francisco Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
August 5: Henry Morton Stanley's letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo
August 10: Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
August 11: Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
August 12: Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
August 17: Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
August 17: Phobos (Martian satellite) discovered (A Hall)
August 22: Nez Perce-indians flee into to Yellowstone National Park


September 5: Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
September 11: Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
September 20: Chase National Bank opens in New York City (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
September 23: Hurricane strikes Curaeao and Bonaire kills 200
September 27: John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
September 30: 1st U.S. amateur swim meet (New York Athletic Club)


October 5: Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
October 9: American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
October 15: 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
October 17: Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
October 20: Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres


November 1: Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
November 9: American Chemical Society chartered in New York
November 17: Gilbert/Sullivans operette "Sorcerer," premieres in London
November 21: Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph)
November 27: Burkina adopts its constitution
November 29: Thomas Edison demonstrates hand-cranked phonograph


December 2: Camille Saint-Saens' opera "Samson et Dalila," premieres in Weimar
December 6: 1st sound recording made (Thomas Edison)
December 6: Washington Post publishes 1st edition
December 7: Thomas A Edison demonstrates the gramophone
December 15: Thomas Edison patents phonograph
December 16: Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
December 22: "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
December 26: Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
December 28: John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
December 30: Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna
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