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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1875 AD

January

January 5: Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
January 5: President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
January 24: Camille Saint-Saens' "Danse Macabre," premieres
January 25: Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
January 26: Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green

February

February 4: Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
February 25: Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft. Sill

March

March 1: Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Court, 1883
March 3: 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
March 3: Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
March 3: Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
March 14: Smetana's "Vysehrad," premieres
March 15: 1st U.S. cardinal (John McCloskey) invested

April

April 17: "Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
April 25: Latest date for measurable snow in New York City (3")

May

May 1: 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-U.S. activities
May 7: German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
May 11: George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
May 12: 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St. Louis 0
May 16: Quake in Venezuela and Colombia kills 16,000
May 17: 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
May 20: International Bureau of Weights and Measures forms by treaty
May 28: 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43

June

June 2: James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
June 3: Alexander Graham Bell makes 1st voice transmission
June 4: Pacific Stock Exchange opens
June 5: Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens
June 6: Netherlands goes on the gold standard
June 12: 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42
June 19: Formal opening of U.S. Marine Hospital at Presidio
June 22: Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun and Toulouse, kills about 1,000

July

July 1: Universal Postal Union established
July 4: White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
July 7: Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
July 19: Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City

August

August 2: World 1st roller skating rink opens in London
August 14: Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
August 25: Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel, 21h 45m

September

September 9: Lotta's Fountain (Kearny and Market) dedicated
September 11: 1st newspaper cartoon strip
September 29: US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion

October

October 5: Palace Hotel on Market Street, San Francisco opens
October 16: 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins
October 22: Sons of American Revolution organizes
October 25: Peter Tsjaikofsky's "1st Pianoconcert up. 23" premieres in Boston

November

November 2: Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
November 4: "Pacific" collides with "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 dies
November 4: Tonga adopts constitution
November 7: Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
November 13: Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
November 13: National Bowling Association organized in New York City
November 16: Battle at Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
November 16: William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
November 17: Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky and Col Olcott
November 28: Verney Cameroon reaches East Africa

December

December 4: William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail
December 6: 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
December 7: Natives Sons of the West organized
December 8: Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty," premieres in St. Petersburg
December 17: Violent bread riots in Montreal
December 25: Lambs Club in New York forms
December 30: Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
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