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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1874 AD


January 1: New York City annexes the Bronx
January 13: Battle between jobless and police in New York City, 100s injuried
January 13: U.S. troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
January 14: I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
January 17: Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
January 21: Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa," premieres in Vienna
January 24: General J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000's die
January 24: Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov," premieres in St. Petersburg
January 31: Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri


February 12: King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit U.S.
February 21: Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English premier
February 21: Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
February 23: Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
February 27: Baseball 1st played in England, at Lord's Cricket Grounds


March 2: Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
March 10: Purdue University (Indiana) admits it's 1st student
March 21: U.S. Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House
March 22: Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in New York City


April 5: "Die Fledermaus" 1st performed, in Vienna
April 5: Johann Strauss Sr's opera "Die Fledermaus," premieres in Vienna
April 15: New York legislature passes compulsory education law
April 16: Dr. David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
April 19: Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
April 27: White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms


May 5: Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
May 9: Victoria Embankment, in London opens
May 12: U.S. Assay Office in Helena, Montana authorized
May 13: Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
May 14: 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats McGill 3-0
May 14: Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) in football, 3-0
May 16: 1st recorded dam disaster in U.S. (Williamsburg Mass)
May 20: Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
May 26: 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56
May 29: Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect


June 13: 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39
June 20: 1st U.S. Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
June 22: Dr. Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy
June 22: Game of lawn tennis introduced
June 28: Freedmen's Bank closes


July 1: 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
July 1: 1st U.S. kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
July 1: 1st U.S. zoo opens in Philadelphia
July 4: Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
July 7: 27th Postmaster General: James W. Marshall of New Jersey takes office
July 12: Ontario Agricultural College founded
July 12: Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott"
July 29: Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
July 30: 1st baseball teams to play outside U.S., Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
July 31: Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U


August 11: Harry S. Parmelee patents sprinkler head


September 1: 28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
September 1: Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
September 26: 1st Grand International Rifle match held


October 1: Rotterdam opens drink water pipes
October 9: World Postal Union forms in Bern, Switzerland
October 10: Fiji becomes a British possession
October 15: Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
October 19: Mary Walsh and Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon


November 3: James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
November 4: Samuel J. Tilden elected governor of New York
November 7: 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast
November 17: Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire and sinks off Auckland, New Zealand
November 18: National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
November 19: William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (New York City) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment
November 24: Joseph F. Glidden patents barbed wire


December 8: Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie, Kansas
December 15: 1st reigning king to visit U.S. (of Hawaii) received by President Grant
December 24: Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875
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