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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1873 AD


January 1: Origin of Japanese Era
January 6: Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
January 6: U.S. Congress begins investigating Credit Mobilier scandal
January 11: 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
January 13: P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
January 14: "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
January 14: P B S Pinchback elected to Senate
January 22: Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die


February 11: Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
February 12: Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins
February 20: University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
February 27: Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor


March 3: Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
March 3: U.S. Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively
March 9: Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
March 22: Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico
March 23: Slavery abolished in Puerto Rico


April 1: British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
April 1: Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
April 13: Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)


May 1: 1st U.S. postal card issued
May 1: Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Fair in Vienna
May 1: International Exhibition opens in Vienna
May 7: U.S. Marines attack Panama
May 23: 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
May 23: Canada's North West Mounted Police Force (RCMPF) forms
May 23: Postal cards sold in San Francisco for 1st time
May 24: Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit," premieres in Paris


June 2: Construction begins on Clay St. (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad
June 4: 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname
June 5: Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar
June 7: 7th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75
June 16: President Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians
June 18: Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President
June 22: Prince Edward Island joins Canada


July 1: Henry Flipper of Georgia is 2nd black to enter West Point
July 1: Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
July 4: Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens
July 10: French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol
July 21: Jesse James and James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)


August 1: San Francisco's 1st cable car begins service
August 2: 1st trial run of San Francisco cable car, Clay Street between Kearny and Jones
August 14: "Field and Stream" begins publishing
August 18: 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California, 14,494'
August 23: Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
August 26: 1st kindergarten public school opens in St. Louis


September 6: Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street
September 15: Last German troops leave France
September 16: German troops leave France
September 17: 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
September 18: Government bond agent Jay Cooke and Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St
September 19: Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Co fails, causing a securities panic
September 20: Panic sweeps New York Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) New York shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
September 23: Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title


October 4: Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
October 8: 1st women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
October 11: Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to University of Toronto
October 18: 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts and Hamilton Tigers
October 18: Columbia Princeton Rutgers and Yale set rules for collegiate football
October 20: P. T. Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (New York City)
October 30: P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth," debuts (New York City)


November 4: Dentist John Beers of San Francisco patents gold crown
November 12: Bay District Race Track opens
November 20: Rival cities of Buda and Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary


December 6: 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1
December 30: American Metrological Society forms (New York City) weights, measures and money
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