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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1871 AD


January 1: Belgium disbands salt tax
January 2: King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
January 3: Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, New York
January 16: Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
January 17: 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
January 18: 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Bismarck
January 26: British Rugby Union forms
January 26: U.S. income tax repealed
January 28: Paris surrenders to Prussians
January 31: Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky


February 1: Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
February 9: Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
February 27: Meeting of Alabama claims commission
February 28: 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections


March 1: J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
March 3: Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
March 3: Congress establishes the civil service system
March 16: 1st fertilizer law enacted
March 17: National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
March 18: Communards revolt in Paris
March 21: Journalist Henry M. Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
March 21: Otto von Bismarck elevated Furst
March 22: William Holden of North Carolina becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
March 26: Paris Commune founded
March 27: 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
March 28: San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
March 29: Albert Hall opens by Queen Victoria in London


April 10: William Hammond Hall's maps and surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
April 14: Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, and mills
April 16: German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
April 20: 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
April 23: Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up
April 24: Opera "Aida" is produced (Cairo)
April 30: Apaches in Arizona surrender to white and Mexican adventurers; 144 die


May 4: 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft. Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
May 8: English - U.S. treaty ends Alabama dispute
May 10: German-French peace treaty signed: France cedes Elzas
May 10: Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France and Germany
May 12: Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Kentucky
May 17: Indians fighter General Sherman escapes in ambulance vs Comanches
May 28: Paris communards revolt put down


June 3: Jesse James and his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000
June 10: 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
June 13: Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
June 15: Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a U.S. collegiate law school
June 16: Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, New York City
June 30: Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms


July 1: The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
July 3: Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
July 5: Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins
July 20: British Columbia becomes 6th Canadian province
July 25: Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa


September 17: Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens


October 1: General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
October 2: Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrest for bigamy
October 6: Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
October 7: 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
October 8: Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
October 8: Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4miles (10 km) of Chicago buildings, and original Emancipation Proclamation
October 11: Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
October 12: President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
October 17: Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
October 17: President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
October 21: 1st U.S. amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
October 23: Columbia and Sappho (U.S.) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
October 24: Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
October 27: Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after New York Times exposed his corruption
October 30: Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
October 31: Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum


November 3: Henry M. Stanley in Tanganyka say "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"
November 6: Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa
November 6: President Grant re-elected
November 10: Stanley presumes to meet Livingston in Ujiji, Central Africa
November 21: Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (New York City)
November 21: The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
November 23: Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
November 24: National Rifle Association organized in New York City
November 28: Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in SC


December 12: Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
December 19: Albert L Jones (New York City), patents corrugated paper
December 24: Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at Suez canal opening
December 27: World's 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London)
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