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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1870 AD


January 2: Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins
January 3: Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
January 8: U.S. mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
January 10: Georgia legislature reconvenes
January 10: John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
January 15: Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
January 16: Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to U.S. after Civil War
January 20: "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
January 20: Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
January 23: 173 Blackfoot (140 women and children) killed in Montana by U.S. Army
January 25: Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
January 26: Virginia rejoins US
January 27: 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
January 27: After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
January 27: Manitoba and Northwest Territories incorporated


February 2: Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
February 2: Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York
February 3: 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
February 5: 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
February 9: U.S. Army establishes U.S. National Weather Service
February 10: City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
February 10: YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (New York City)
February 12: Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for U.S. silver coins to circulate in Canada
February 15: Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
February 17: Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
February 17: Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to U.S. after Civil War
February 23: Mississippi is readmitted to U.S.
February 25: Hiram Rhodes Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress, Senator-R-Mississippi 1870 - 1871
February 26: 1st New York City subway line opens (pneumatic powered)


March 7: Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest and East
March 14: California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
March 17: Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
March 18: 1st U.S. National Wildlife Preserve, Lake Meritt in Oakland California
March 19: The opera "Guarany," premieres in Milan
March 30: 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
March 30: Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
March 31: 1st black to vote in U.S. (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy New Jersey)


April 2: Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for U.S. president
April 4: Golden Gate Park forms by City Order number 800
April 9: American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
April 13: Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in New York City
April 15: Last day U.S. silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
April 16: Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
April 27: Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi


May 10: Jem Mace and defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hour and 17 minutes, and neither is struck by a punch
May 12: Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
May 20: Second Chamber abolishes capital punishment
May 24: Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
May 25: Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
May 31: Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
May 31: E. J. DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement


June 4: 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59
June 5: Constantinople in fire; 900 die
June 9: Washington: President Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
June 11: 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
June 14: All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
June 22: 1st Boardwalk in America invented
June 22: Congress creates Department of Justice
June 25: Opera "Die Walkure" is produced (Munich)
June 26: 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
June 26: Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
June 30: Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate


July 1: James W Smith of South Carolina is 1st black to enter West Point
July 8: Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
July 8: Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
July 13: King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depache" on Bismarck
July 15: Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to U.S.
July 15: Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
July 15: Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
July 18: Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
July 19: France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
July 23: Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
July 24: 1st trans-U.S. rail service begins
July 30: Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100


August 4: British Red Cross Society forms
August 6: Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
August 6: White conservatives suppresed black vote and captured Tennessee legislature
August 8: Magic (U.S.) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
August 15: Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
August 16: Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
August 17: 1st ascent of Mount Rainier, Washington
August 18: Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties


September 1: Napoleon III captured at Sedan
September 2: Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
September 4: 3rd French republic proclaimed as they overthrow their king
September 6: Ship sinks in Gulf of Biskaje; 483 die
September 10: Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
September 15: Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
September 19: Siege of Paris begins
September 20: Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
September 20: Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing New York treasury
September 20: Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel


October 2: Italy annexes Rome and Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
October 7: Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
October 9: Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
October 13: Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
October 19: 1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
October 19: British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed
October 25: Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
October 25: Postcards 1st used in U.S.


November 1: U.S. Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
November 8: Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
November 15: Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
November 16: Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
November 27: New York Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
November 29: Compulsory education proclaimed in England


December 6: Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Representatives (SC)
December 12: Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
December 22: Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
December 31: J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)
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