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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1868 AD


January 3: Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
January 7: Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
January 7: Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
January 14: North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
January 14: South Carolina constitutional convention, meets with a black majority
January 16: Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
January 20: Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee


February 10: Conservatives and military, seize Convention Hall in Florida
February 16: Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms (New York)
February 24: 1st U.S. parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)
February 24: House of Representatives vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson
February 29: 1st British government of Disraeli forms


March 2: University of Illinois opens
March 5: Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele," premieres in Milan
March 5: Stapler patented in England by C. H. Gould
March 5: U.S. Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
March 9: The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
March 12: Britain annexed Basutoland in Africa
March 12: Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
March 12: Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
March 13: Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
March 17: Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
March 20: Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
March 21: 1st U.S. professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in New York City
March 23: University of California founded (Oakland California)
March 24: Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
March 31: Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China


April 1: Hampton Institute opens
April 3: An Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever, he rides a 50' tidal wave
April 6: Brigham Young marries his 27th and final wife
April 10: 1st performance of John Brahms' "Ein german Requiem"
April 10: Brits defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
April 14: South Carolina voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
April 16: Louisiana voters approve new constitution
April 18: San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed


May 9: Anton Bruckner's 1st Symphony in C, premieres
May 15: Dutch Government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls
May 16: Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor," premieres in Prague
May 16: By one vote, Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson
May 20: Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
May 22: Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash
May 25: Australia Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins vs. Surrey Gentlemen
May 26: President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
May 30: Memorial Day 1st observed when 2 women in Columbus Mississippi placed flowers on both Confederate and Union graves
May 31: 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
May 31: Dr. James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St. Cloud, Paris


June 1: Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
June 4: Van Bosse/Fock government begins
June 9: 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
June 10: 2nd Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard General Duke wins in 3:02
June 13: Oscar J. Dunn, is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
June 19: Major General E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
June 21: Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg," premieres in Munich
June 22: Arkansas re-enters U.S.
June 23: Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
June 25: FL, AL, LA, GA, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US
June 25: President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hour day


July 4: Battle at Ueno: last Tokugawa armies defeated
July 7: Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey vs. Sussex
July 9: 1st black cabinet member in South Carolina (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
July 13: Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
July 14: Alvin J. Fellows patents tape measure
July 20: 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
July 25: U.S. Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah and Idaho)
July 28: 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves


August 8: Quake destroyes Arica, Chile
August 13: Earthquakes kill 25,000 and causes $300 million damages (Peru and Ecuador)
August 18: Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse


September 8: New York Athletic Club forms
September 14: Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole)
September 23: Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
September 28: Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella 2 of Spain to flee to France
September 28: Opelousas Massacre at St. Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
September 30: Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France


October 1: 1st edition of Maasbode published
October 7: Cornell University (Ithaca New York) opens
October 10: 1st written account of a Canadian football game
October 10: Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
October 11: Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
October 17: Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
October 21: Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
October 22: Jacques Offenbach's opera "Genevieve de Brabant," premieres in New York City
October 30: John Menard of Louisiana is 1st black elected to Congress
October 31: Standard uniform approved for postal carriers


November 3: 1st black elected to Congress (John W Menard, Louisiana)
November 3: Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)
November 11: 1st American amateur track and field meet (New York City)
November 13: American Philological Association organized in NY
November 23: Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
November 26: 1st baseball game played in enclosed field in SF, at 25th and Folsom
November 27: Battle at Washita, General Custer defeats Cheyennes


December 1: John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war
December 2: 1st British government of Disraeli resigns
December 3: Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on U.S. trial jury
December 5: 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
December 7: Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin, Missouri, kills 1
December 9: 1st British government of Gladstone forms
December 25: Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)
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