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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1864 AD


January 11: Charing Cross Station opens in London
January 14: Battle of Cosby Creek, TN
January 14: General Sherman begins his march to the South
January 16: Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
January 17: General Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
January 27: Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
January 27: Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
January 28: Battle of New Bern, NC
January 29: Battle of Moorefield, WV (Rosser's Raid)


February 1: 2nd German-Danish war begins
February 1: Austrian/Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk/Holstein
February 3: Sherman's march through Mississippi
February 4: Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
February 5: Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
February 6: Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
February 7: Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
February 13: Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek and Wyatt, Mississippi
February 15: Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
February 17: Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
February 19: Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington D.C. (12 members)
February 20: Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
February 21: 1st U.S. Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
February 21: Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
February 22: 2nd/last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
February 22: Battle at Dalton Georgia
February 22: Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
February 27: 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
February 27: Near Andersonville Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"


March 1: Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
March 1: Rebecca Lee (U.S.) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
March 5: 1st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
March 9: Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
March 10: Grant is named commander of the Union armies
March 10: Red River campaign LA
March 11: Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee
March 14: Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle," premieres in Paris
March 14: Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
March 15: Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
March 18: Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
March 19: Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
March 21: Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
March 23: Encounter at Camden AR
March 25: Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
March 29: Great Britain gives Isotope Islands back to Greece
March 29: Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia Arkansas
March 30: Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas


April 2: Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
April 2: Skirmish at Spoonville/Antoine, Arkansas
April 3: Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
April 4: Skirmish at Elkin's Ford Little Missouri River, Arkansas
April 8: Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
April 9: Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, 2870 causalities
April 10: Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico
April 12: Battle of Blair's Landing Louisiana
April 12: Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee
April 15: General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
April 17: Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
April 17: Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
April 17: Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
April 18: Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
April 19: Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, FR: USS Kearsage vs. CSS Alabama
April 22: U.S. mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
April 23: Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
April 25: Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
April 29: Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
April 30: Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
April 30: New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee


May 1: Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
May 3: 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
May 4: General Grant's Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock
May 4: Ulysses S. Grant crosses Rapidan and begins his duel with Robert E. Lee
May 5: Atlanta Campaign-5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
May 5: Battle between Confederate and Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
May 5: Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
May 5: Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga Georgia to Atlanta GA
May 6: Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia
May 6: Battle of Wilderness, General Longstreet seriously injured
May 6: General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia
May 7: Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
May 7: Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
May 8: Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
May 8: Atlanta Campaign: Sever fighting near Dalton
May 8: Battle of Antietam, Virginia (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill)
May 9: Battle of Cloyd's Mt, and Swift Creek, Virginia (Drewery's Bluff, Ft. Darling)
May 9: Battle of Dalton, Geogia
May 9: Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
May 9: Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
May 10: Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
May 10: Skirmish at Ny River Virginia
May 11: Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)
May 11: General J E B Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern
May 12: Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (Ft. Darling)
May 12: Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
May 12: Battle of Todd's Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid)
May 12: Butler attacks Drewry's Bluff on James River
May 12: U.S. Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigade-general
May 13: Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Resaca Georgia
May 14: Battle of Reseca, Georgia -Atlanta-
May 15: Battle of New Market, Virginia
May 15: Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
May 16: Atlanta Campaign-battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
May 16: Battle of Bermuda Hundred, VA
May 16: Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
May 17: Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
May 18: Battle of Yellow Bayou, Louisiana (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
May 19: Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
May 19: Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
May 19: Skirmish at Cassville Georgia
May 20: Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
May 20: Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured person
May 21: General David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
May 22: Battle of N Anna River, Virginia (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
May 23: Battle of Dallas, Georgia
May 23: Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
May 25: Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
May 26: Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
May 26: Territory of Montana formed
May 27: Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
May 29: Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
May 30: Battle of Bethesda Church, Virginia
May 30: Cavalry fight at Old Church (Totopotomoy Creek) Virginia
May 31: Raid at Morgan's Kentucky


June 1: Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
June 1: Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English
June 2: Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2
June 3: General Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor
June 5: Battle of Piedmont, Virginia, Augusta City
June 6: Battle of Lake Chicot, AR, Dutch Bayou
June 7: Abe Lincoln renominated for President by Republican Party
June 9: Battle of Big Shanty, Georgia
June 9: Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha
June 10: Battle of Kellar's Bridge Kentucky, Licking River
June 10: Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia
June 11: 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf washed away in storm
June 11: Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
June 11: Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
June 11: Battle of Trevillian Station, Virginia, Central Railroad
June 11: Battle of Trevillian Station, Virginia, Central Railroad
June 11: Confederate warship CSS Alabama runs into harbor of Cherbourg
June 12: Lee sends Early into Shenandoah Valley
June 12: Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road Georgia, about 57 dies in battle
June 14: Congress rules Black soldiers must receive equal pay
June 14: U.S. Union warship USS Kearsarge appears at Cherbourg
June 15: Battle for Petersburg begins as General Grant assaults Confederate line
June 15: Captain Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
June 15: Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
June 15: Robert E. Lee's home area, Arlington, Virginia, becomes a military cemetery
June 15: Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
June 16: Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
June 16: Skirmish at Golgotha Georgia
June 16: Union General Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Virginia
June 17: 640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished
June 17: Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
June 17: General John B Hood replaces General Johnston
June 17: Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
June 18: At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
June 19: CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
June 19: Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia
June 20: Battle of Kinston North Carolina and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
June 20: Battle of Petersburgs Virginia - in trenches
June 20: Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
June 22: Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia, Wilson's Raid
June 22: Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
June 25: Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
June 25: Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
June 27: Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia
June 29: Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed


July 2: General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington D.C.
July 2: Statuary Hall in U.S. Capitol forms
July 3: Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
July 4: Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia
July 5: Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
July 7: S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
July 9: Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400
July 11: Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
July 11: Confederate forces led by General J Early begin invasion of Washington D.C.
July 13: Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
July 14: Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
July 15: Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
July 17: CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
July 18: President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
July 20: Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
July 20: Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
July 22: Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8449 Confederate, 3641 U.S. die
July 23: Battle of Woodstock, Virginia
July 24: Battle of Winchester, Virginia US1200 CS600
July 26: Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
July 26: Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
July 26: Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
July 27: Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
July 28: 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
July 28: Battle of Atlanta Georgia (Ezra Church)-second sortie US700 CS4642
July 29: 3rd and last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
July 29: Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
July 30: Battle of the Crater: General Burnsides fails on attack of Petersburg
July 30: Confederate troops attack Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in fire
July 31: Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers


August 1: Battle of Petersburg, Virginia
August 4: Land and naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
August 5: Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of Vice-Admiral
August 5: Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
August 6: Rebels evacuate Ft. Powell, Mobile Bayd
August 8: Comet C/1864 N1 (Tempel) approaches within 0.0964 AUs of Earth
August 8: Red Cross forms in Geneva
August 8: Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Gaines, Alabama
August 9: Battle of Ft. Morgan AL
August 13: Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia (Strawberry Plains) and Fussell's Mill VA
August 14: 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
August 14: Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
August 15: Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
August 16: 4th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia, Federal assault
August 16: Battle of Front Royal Virginia (Guard Hill)
August 16: Palace for People's industry official opens in Amsterdam
August 18: 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
August 18: Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
August 19: 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
August 20: 8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia (about 3900 casualties)
August 21: Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
August 21: Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, KY
August 21: Battle of Summit Point, VA
August 21: General-major Nathan Bedford Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
August 22: Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations
August 22: International Red Cross forms
August 23: Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
August 25: Combination rail and ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda
August 25: Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Ream's Station
August 29: William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
August 31: Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties


September 1: 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
September 1: Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
September 2: Union General William T Sherman captures Atlanta
September 3: U.S., British, French and Dutch naval officer sails Staits of Simonoseki
September 4: Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
September 5: British, French and Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
September 16: Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
September 17: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
September 19: 3rd Battle of Winchester Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
September 22: Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia, General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
September 22: Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg VA
September 27: Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft. Davidson), Missouri: 1700 killed/injured
September 27: Jesse James' gang surprise attack train: 150 killed
September 29: Battle of Waynesboro and New Market Heights VA
September 30: Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church)
September 30: Black Soldiers given Medal of Honor


October 1: Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
October 1: John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
October 4: National black convention meets (Syracuse New York)
October 4: New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
October 5: Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
October 5: Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone (approx 60,000 die)
October 7: Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor Brazil-CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
October 9: Battle of Tom's Brook-Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is wipped by Custer and Merrit's cavalry divisions
October 11: Slavery abolished in Maryland
October 13: Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
October 13: Battle of Dalton, Georgia - surrendered
October 13: Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid)
October 13: Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
October 15: Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
October 19: Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St. Albans, Vermont
October 19: Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
October 19: U.S. Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to general-major
October 20: Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
October 21: Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
October 23: Battle of Westport, Missouri
October 23: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
October 25: Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
October 25: Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS and Turkeytown, AL
October 26: Union troops ambush and kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson in Richmond MI
October 27: Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Virginia (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
October 27: Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia near Richmont
October 27: Battle of Newtonia, MI
October 27: Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed/sinks
October 27: Siege of Petersburg, VA
October 28: Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends after 1554 casualties
October 28: Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
October 29: Greek parliament accept new Constitution
October 30: Helena, Montana's capital, founded
October 31: Nevada admitted as 36th state


November 4: Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
November 4: Naval Engagement at Reynoldsburg Island
November 6: Battle of Droop Mountain, WV (Averell's Raid)
November 7: 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
November 8: Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as president
November 9: 1st export of goods from Burrard Inlet, BC to a foreign country
November 9: Sherman issues preliminary plans for his "March to the Sea"
November 10: Austrian Archduke Maximilian became emperor of Mexico
November 10: Kingston, Georgia burned during Sherman's March to Sea
November 11: Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
November 11: Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
November 15: 1st U.S. mines school opens in basement of Columbia University, New York
November 15: Union Major General Sherman burns Atlanta
November 16: Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
November 16: Union General William T Sherman begins march to sea during Civil War
November 22: Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
November 22: Union General O Howard orders plunderers, shot to death
November 23: Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
November 25: Confederate plot to burn New York City, fails
November 25: Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia
November 26: Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia
November 26: Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia
November 27: 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia
November 28: 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones's Plantation, Georgia
November 28: Battle of New Creek, WV (Rosser's Raid, Ft. Kelly)
November 29: 4th and last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia
November 29: Battle of Spring Hill, Tennessee (Thomason's Station)
November 29: Colorado militia kills 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians
November 30: Battle of Franklin, Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualities
November 30: Battle of Honey Hill South Carolina (Broad River) 96 dead/665 wounded


December 1: Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, Tennessee to Saltville, VA
December 1: Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
December 2: Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
December 3: Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
December 4: Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) GA
December 4: Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
December 6: Battle of Deveaux's Neck, SC
December 7: Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia
December 8: Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
December 10: General Shermans armies reach Savannah and 12 day siege begins
December 13: Battle of Ft. McAllister, GA
December 15: Battle of Nashville, TN
December 15: Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon and Glade Springs, VA
December 16: Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities
December 17: Battle of Franklin, TN
December 21: General Sherman conquers Savannah
December 24: Battle of Gordonsville, Virginia
December 28: Battle of Egypt Station, MS
December 29: Fire Department celebrates 1st annual ball
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