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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1862 AD


January 1: 1st U.S. income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
January 1: Battle of Ft. McRee, Florida Battle of Port Royal, South Carolina (Port Royal Ferry)
January 3: Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
January 4: Battle of Helena, AK
January 4: Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
January 7: Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
January 7: Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
January 10: Battle of Big Sandy River, Kentucky (Middle Creek)
January 10: Battle of Romney, WV
January 17: BBT Ft. Henry, Tennessee by USS Lexington
January 18: Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
January 19: Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
January 22: Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
January 23: Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
January 24: Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
January 26: Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order
January 30: U.S. Navy's 1st ironclad warship, the Monitor, launched
January 31: Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius


February 1: Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
February 6: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee
February 6: Naval Engagement at Tennessee River - USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
February 6: Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
February 7: Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
February 8: Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
February 8: Opera "Lily of Killarney," premieres in London
February 10: Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
February 14: Galena, 1st U.S. iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
February 15: Grant's major assault on Ft. Donelson, Tennessee
February 16: Ft. Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
February 21: Confederate Constitution and presidency are declared permanent
February 21: Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico
February 25: Congress forms U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing
February 25: Paper currency introduced in U.S. by President Abraham Lincoln
February 26: Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
February 28: Opera "La Reine de Saba," premieres in Paris


March 3: Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces
March 3: General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid
March 5: Union troops under Brigadier-General Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
March 6: Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
March 7: Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch and McIntosh killed
March 8: Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
March 8: Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
March 8: Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, Virginia CSS Virginia, Jamestown and Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress and Monitor
March 9: "Monitor" (Union) and "Merrimack" (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads
March 10: Great Britain and France recognizes independence of Zanzibar
March 10: U.S. issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 and $1000)
March 11: General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac, General Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
March 14: Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
March 15: General John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
March 16: Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
March 22: San Marino and Italy conclude treaty of friendship and cooperation
March 23: Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
March 26: Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
March 28: Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
March 31: Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River


April 1: Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
April 4: Battle of Yorktown begins
April 4: U.S. begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond
April 5: Siege of Yorktown, Virginia
April 6: Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
April 7: Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, Island #10 falls
April 8: John D. Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
April 11: Rebels surrender Ft. Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
April 12: James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, Georgia
April 12: Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia
April 14: Battle of Ft. Pillow Tennessee
April 16: Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
April 16: U.S. Confederate Congress calls up all white males (18-35 years)
April 18: Battle of Ft. Jackson, Ft. St. Philip and New Orlean's, Louisiana
April 21: Congress establishes U.S. Mint in Denver, Colorado
April 21: Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne, premieres in Boston
April 25: Battle of New Orleans LA - U.S. Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans
April 29: 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Mississippi
April 29: New Orleans fell to Union forces during Civil War
April 30: Swift Run Gap, West Virginia skirmishes


May 1: Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans
May 4: Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
May 4: Yorktown, Virginia - McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
May 5: French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
May 5: Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia
May 7: Battle of West Point, Virginia (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
May 7: Much of Enschede Netherlands destroyed by fire
May 8: Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
May 9: Battle of Farmington, Mississippi
May 9: Battle of Ft. Pickens, Florida (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
May 9: U.S. Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis Maryland to Newport, Rhode Island
May 10: Battle of Plum Run Bend, Tennessee (Plum Point Bend)
May 11: Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, Virginia
May 12: Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge Louisiana
May 14: Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
May 15: Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft. Darling), Virginia
May 15: Confederate cruiser The Alabama runs aground near London
May 15: Department of Agriculture created
May 15: General Benjamin F Butler delegates "Woman Order" of NO to be his whores
May 15: Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
May 16: Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
May 17: Battle of Princeton, West Virginia, ends, about 128 casualities
May 19: Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West
May 23: Battle at Front Royal, Virginia
May 23: Valley Campaign-Stonewall Jackson takes Ft. Royal, Virginia
May 24: Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
May 24: Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
May 25: Battle of Winchester, Virginia
May 27: Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
May 30: Battle of Booneville, Mississippi - captured General Beauregard evacuates Corinth
May 30: Battle of Front Royal, Virginia
May 31: Battle of Seven Pines Virginia (Fair Oaks)


June 1: 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Virginia (11,165 casualties)
June 1: General Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines
June 1: Slavery abolished in all U.S. possessions
June 2: General Robert E Lee takes command of Confederate armies of E Virginia and NC
June 2: Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington D.C.
June 4: Confederates evacuate Ft. Pillow, Tennessee
June 6: Battle of Memphis-city is surrendered
June 6: Battle of Port Royal, South Carolina, Port Royal Ferry
June 6: Skirmish at Harrisonburg, Pennsylvania
June 7: General B. Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed and destroyed U.S. flag on display over New Orleans Mint
June 7: Skirmish at Union Church, Virginia (Peninsular)
June 8: Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
June 9: Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
June 15: General JEB Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"
June 19: Slavery outlawed in U.S. territories
June 25: Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
June 26: Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
June 26: Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville Virginia (Meadow Bridge)
June 26: U.S. Army of Virginia established under General John Pope
June 27: Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
June 27: Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
June 28: Day 4 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station/Garnett's Farm, Virginia
June 29: Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Virginia
June 30: Battle at Nelson's Farm, Virginia
June 30: Battle at Turkey Bridge Virginia: Confederate assault attack
June 30: Day 6 of 7 Days-Battle of White Oak Swamp Virginia (Frayser's Farm)
June 30: Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"


July 1: Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
July 1: Battle of Holly Spring, MS
July 1: Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia (Harrison's Landing, Crew's Farm)
July 1: Congress outlaws polygamy (1st time); bad news for Utah
July 1: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Day 7 of Seven Days US15,249 CS17,583
July 1: Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
July 1: Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
July 2: Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
July 4: Battle at Green River Kentucky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
July 4: Battle of Port Royal, South Carolina (Port Royal Ferry)
July 4: Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P. Liddell
July 6: Skirmish at Devall's Bluff Arkansas (106 casualties)
July 7: Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
July 8: Odore R Timby patents revolving gun turret
July 9: General John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
July 10: U.S. begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
July 11: Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
July 12: Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
July 12: Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
July 13: Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150
July 15: CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet and Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
July 16: David G Farragut is 1st rear Admiral in U.S. Navy
July 17: Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River MS: USS Potomac Expedition
July 17: R John Hunt Morgan:Cynthiana, Kentucky CS24 US17 Skirmish at Columbia, Tennessee
July 17: U.S. Army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
July 17: United army officially divides corps
July 18: Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
July 19: Forrest's 1st raid
July 27: Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
July 27: Steamer "Golden Gate" burns and sinks off west coast of Mexico
July 28: Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo


August 4: U.S. government collects its 1st income tax
August 5: Battle of Baton Rouge, LA
August 6: Confederate Army ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
August 9: Battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
August 9: Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict," premieres in Baden-Baden
August 9: Prelude to 2nd Manassas, Jackson is victorious at Battle of Cedar Mt., however General Charles S. Winder is killed
August 10: Battle of Nueces River, Texas
August 12: General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
August 14: Lincoln receives 1st group of blacks to confer with U.S. president
August 17: Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
August 18: General Lee's adjutant major Stuart captured
August 18: Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota
August 22: Battle of Catlett's Station VA
August 22: Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
August 23: Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
August 25: Secretary of War authorizes General Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
August 28: Battle of Thoroughfare Gap VA
August 28: Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
August 29: 2nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) begins
August 29: Battle of Aspromonte-Italian royal forces defeat rebels
August 29: Battle of Bull Run, Virginia (Manassas, Gainesville, Bristoe Station)
August 29: U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing begins operation
August 30: 2nd Battle of Bull Run - Confederates beat Union
August 30: Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
August 30: Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee


September 1: Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
September 1: Federal tax levied on tobacco
September 4: General Lee invades North with 50,000 Confederate troops
September 4: North Beach and Mission Railway Company organized in SF
September 5: Lee crosses Potomac and enters Maryland
September 6: Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland
September 9: Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
September 12: Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
September 14: Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops chases away Confederates
September 14: Battle at South Mountain: Union troops chases away Confederates
September 14: Battle of Munfordsville, Kentucky
September 14: Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry West Virginia
September 14: Skirmish at Mountain MD (Boonesboro, Crampton's Gap, Fox's Gap)
September 15: Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry WV
September 16: Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md)
September 16: General Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, Kentucky
September 16: Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
September 17: Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
September 17: Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky-U.S. Col J Wilder surrenders city
September 17: Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)-bloodiest day of Civil War, 23,110 die
September 18: Confederate armies officially divide into corps
September 18: General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
September 19: Battle at Blackford's Ford Virginia
September 19: Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)
September 22: President Lincoln, says he will free slaves in all states on Jan 1
September 23: Lincoln's Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers
September 24: Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal
September 25: Skirmish at Davis' Bridge, Tennessee


October 3: Battle of Corinth, Mississippi
October 3: Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
October 4: Battle of Corinth ends
October 5: Battle of Big Hatchie River, MS
October 5: Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
October 8: Battle of Perryville, Kentucky-Confederate invasion halted
October 8: Otto von Bismarck becomes German republic chancellor
October 12: JEB Stuart completes his "2nd ride around McClellan"
October 12: Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Missisippi
October 12: Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
October 13: Bismarck's "Blood and Iron" speech
October 14: Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting home run, dies 10/18
October 14: Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
October 17: Battle of Leetown and Thoroughfare Gap, VA
October 18: Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, Kentucky
October 20: Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
October 22: Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
October 22: Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
October 30: Dr. Richard Gatling patents machine gun


November 3: Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
November 3: Dr. Richard Gatling patents machine gun (Indianapolis)
November 4: Richard Gatling patents Gatling gun
November 5: Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac
November 5: Battle at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties
November 6: NY-SF direct telegraphic link forms
November 9: U.S. Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him
November 11: Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St. Petersburg Russia)
November 13: Battle of Holly Spring, MS
November 17: Confederate Secretary of War George B. Randolph resigns
November 20: Armies of Mississippi/Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee
November 20: Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under General Braxton Bragg
November 24: M Levy publishes Gustave Flauberts "Salammbo"
November 28: Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas (475 casualties)
November 28: Battle of Hooly Spring, MS


December 5: Battle of Coffeeville, MS
December 6: President Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux indians
December 7: Battle of Hartsville, TN
December 7: Battle of Prairie Grove, AR
December 12: Battle of Dumfries, VA
December 12: Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia (Marye's Heights)
December 12: Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
December 16: Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
December 17: General U.S. Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
December 18: Battle at Lexington, Tennessee (Forrest's Second Raid)
December 19: Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tennessee (80 casualties)
December 20: Battle of Holly Spring, MS
December 20: Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky
December 23: Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw and common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis
December 25: 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC
December 26: 1st U.S. Navy hospital ship enters service
December 26: 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising
December 26: Battle of Dumfries, VA
December 27: Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
December 27: Battle of Elizabethtown, Kentucky
December 29: Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General Sherman
December 29: Bowling ball invented
December 31: Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee
December 31: Battle of Stone's River, Tennessee (Stone River, Monfreesboro)
December 31: President Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia to Union
December 31: Skirmish at Parker Cross Roads, Tennessee
December 31: Union ironclad ship "Monitor" sank off Cape Hatteras, NC
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