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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1860 AD


January 1: Slavery ends of in Netherlands Indies
January 20: Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
January 28: Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
January 29: American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX


February 1: 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
February 3: Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st U.S. superintendent of agriculture
February 10: John Brahms' 2nd Serenade in A, premieres
February 13: King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
February 16: Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
February 22: Organized baseball played in San Francisco for 1st time
February 22: Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages


March 9: 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington
March 12: Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
March 17: Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh
March 21: U.S. extradition treaty with Sweden
March 24: Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
March 27: M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)
March 29: Dion Boucicault's "Colleen Bawn," premieres in New York City


April 2: 1st Italian Parliament met at Turin
April 3: Pony Express began between St. Joseph Missouri and Sacramento California
April 7: Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
April 13: 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
April 14: 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St. Joseph, Missouri
April 23: Dem convention in Charleston South Carolina divided over slavery
April 27: Thomas J. Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
April 30: Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)


May 6: San Francisco Olympic Club, 1st U.S. athletic club forms
May 18: Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president
May 26: Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy


June 3: Comanche, Iowa completely destroyed by 1 of a series of tornadoes
June 7: 1st U.S. "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter," by Mrs. Ann Stevens
June 7: Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, San Francisco
June 9: 1st "dime" novel issued "Malaesk The Indian Wife of the White Hunter"
June 15: 1st White settlement in Idaho, Franklin
June 23: Congress establishes Government Printing Office
June 23: U.S. Secret Service created


July 9: Temperature hits 115 degrees F in Ft. Scott and 112 degrees F in Topeka Kansas
July 19: 1st railroad reaches Kansas
July 25: 1st U.S. intercollegiate billiard match, Harvard vs. Yales


August 8: Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in New York City
August 11: Nation's 1st successful silver mill, Virginia City, Nevada
August 30: 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)


September 7: Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" drowns 340 in Lake Michigan
September 8: Loss of steamer, "Lady Elgin"
September 20: 1st British royalty to visit U.S., Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)


October 8: Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens
October 12: British and French troops capture Beijing
October 13: 1st aerial photo taken in U.S. (from a balloon), Boston
October 15: 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
October 17: 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club
October 17: 1st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins)


November 6: Abraham Lincoln, born in Kentucky, Representative-R-Illinois 1847 - 1849, elected 16th president 1861 - 1865


December 17: Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
December 20: South Carolina votes 169-0 for Ordinace of Secession, 1st state to secede
December 24: Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle," premieres in New York City
December 26: Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
December 26: Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft. Sumter
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