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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1858 AD


January 1: Canada begins using decimal currency system
January 14: French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
January 25: Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" 1st played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia
January 28: John Brown organized raid on Arsenal at Harper's Ferry
January 30: Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester
January 30: William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"


February 11: 1st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France
February 13: Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
February 21: Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
February 22: Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown," premieres in New York City


March 2: Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
March 8: Opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples)
March 9: Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
March 18: Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
March 23: Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
March 30: Pencil with attached eraser patented by Hyman L. Lipman


April 12: 1st U.S. billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)


May 4: War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
May 8: John Brown holds antislavery convention
May 11: Minnesota admitted as 32nd U.S. state
May 15: Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
May 22: Confederacion Granadina (now Colombia) forms
May 28: Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play," premieres in London
May 30: Hudson's Bay Co rights to Vancouver Island revoked


June 2: Donati Comet 1st seen named after it's discoverer
June 16: Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand"
June 21: Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
June 29: Great fire in London harbor
June 29: Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia


July 2: Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
July 6: Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
July 20: Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents ) (New York beats Brooklyn 22-18)
July 20: Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
July 23: Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
July 26: Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
July 28: Nadar takes 1st airborne photo, in a balloon
July 28: William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
July 29: 1st commercial treaty between U.S. and Japan signed
July 29: U.S. citizens allowed to live anywhere in Japan


August 2: 1st mailboxes installed in Boston and New York City streets
August 2: Government of India transferred from East India Company to Crown
August 5: Cyrus W. Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
August 15: Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
August 16: Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs President James Buchanan
August 17: 1st bank in Hawaii opens
August 18: Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement
August 21: 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
August 24: Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning


September 1: 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
September 8: Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people
September 10: John Holden hits 1st recorded home run (Brooklyn vs New York)
September 13: Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire and sinks, 471 die
September 16: 1st overland mail for California
September 28: Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed


October 21: In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
October 21: Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphee aux Enfers," premieres in Paris
October 26: Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
October 27: RH Macy and Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106
October 28: Macy's Department store opens in New York City


November 9: 1st performance of New York Symphony Orchestra
November 17: Origin of Modified Julian Period


December 12: 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent and 20 cent)
December 16: Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
December 18: Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini
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