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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1857 AD


January 6: Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
January 8: Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY," premieres in New York City
January 9: 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon California
January 15: 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
January 22: National Association of Baseball Players founded, New York


February 16: Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington D.C.)
February 18: Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
February 21: Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in U.S.
February 21: U.S. issues flying eagle cents
February 24: 1st perforated U.S. postage stamps delivered to government
February 24: Los Angeles Vineyard Society organized


March 6: Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
March 7: Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
March 12: Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra," premieres in Venice
March 21: Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die
March 23: Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, New York City)
March 25: Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse


April 12: Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
April 21: Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
April 27: Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
April 29: U.S. Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio
April 30: San Jose State University forms


May 1: William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to U.S. Navy
May 10: Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys of Meerut
May 10: Sepoy-revolt in Meerutkazerne, Delhi
May 19: William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm


June 2: James Gibbs, Va, patents chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
June 5: Walter Woodbury and James Page open photo studio in Batavia, Djakarta
June 10: England passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
June 15: San Francisco Water Works organized
June 26: 62 receive Victoria Cross
June 26: Cawnpore England massacre
June 29: Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)


July 16: Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore


September 12: 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
September 15: Timothy Alder patents typesetting machine
September 16: Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
September 23: Russian warship Leffort disappears in Finland Gulf in storm; 826 die
September 25: Relief of Lucknow by Havelock and Outram begins
September 30: U.S. occupies Sand, Baker, Howland and Jarvis Is south of Hawaii


October 6: American Chess Association organized; 1st major U.S. chess tournament (New York City)
October 10: American Chess Association formed (New York City)
October 24: World's 1st soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in England


November 9: Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published


December 8: 1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY"
December 16: Earthquake in Naples, Italy
December 29: Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht," premieres in Weimar
December 31: Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada
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