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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1856 AD

January

January 8: Dr. John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
January 23: Steamer Pacific lost
January 25: Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers and Indians
January 29: Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery

February

February 18: American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
February 19: Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
February 20: John Rutledge, Liverpool - New York steamer, hits iceberg; many die
February 22: 1st national meeting of Republican Party in Pittsburgh
February 29: Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease

March

March 5: Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
March 5: Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
March 25: A. E. Burnside patents Burnside carbine
March 26: NSW's 1st 1st-class game, vs. Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
March 30: Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War

April

April 3: Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
April 11: Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats Wm Walker's invading Nicaraguans
April 18: Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
April 29: Peace between England and Russia

May

May 7: Argentine and Brazilian sign a navigation pact
May 15: 2nd San Francisco Vigilance Committee organized
May 19: Senator Charles Sumner, Massachusetts, spoke out against slavery
May 21: Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
May 22: Violence in Senate, South Carolina Representative Brooks used a cane on Massachusetts Senator Sumner
May 24: Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
May 27: Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning

June

June 3: Cullen Whipple patents screw machine
June 8: Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
June 17: Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia

July

July 15: Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
July 16: Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem

August

August 10: Hurricane washes away 2-300 revelers at Last Island, Louisiana
August 12: Anthony Fass patents accordion
August 20: Wilberforce University forms in Ohio

September

September 14: Battle of San Jacinto, Nicaragua defeats invaders

October

October 7: Cyrus Chambers, Jr. patents folding machine that folds book and newspapers
October 8: Chinese police board British vessel Arrow, arrest 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lower British flag, begins 2nd Anglo-Chinese War
October 19: James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
October 20: Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
October 24: Constitution of South Australia adopted

November

November 4: James Buchanan elected U.S. president
November 16: Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens
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