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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1853 AD


January 1: 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in U.S. enters service
January 8: 1st U.S. bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Wash
January 10: Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
January 19: Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo
January 19: Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," premieres in Rome
January 21: Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
January 30: Emperor Napoleon III marries Eugenie Maria de Montijo y de Guzman


February 21: U.S. authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces


March 2: Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
March 3: Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
March 3: U.S. Assay Office in New York City authorized
March 4: Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
March 4: William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th U.S. Vice President
March 6: Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata," premieres in Venice


April 1: Cincinnati became 1st U.S. city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
April 14: Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
April 15: Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
April 17: Thorbecke government resigns
April 17: U.S. Marine Hospital at Presidio San Francisco forms
April 18: 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
April 19: Netherlands Van Hall government forms
April 20: Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad
April 26: Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
April 29: Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth


May 1: Argentina adopts it's constitution
May 2: Franconi's Hippodrome opens (New York City)
May 6: 1st major U.S. rail disaster kills 46 in Norwalk, Connecticut
May 17: Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
May 19: Dutch prince Henry marries princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
May 23: Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
May 31: Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves New York aboard Advance


July 3: Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
July 6: National Black convention meets, Rochester New York
July 6: William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel," 1st novel by black American
July 8: Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
July 9: Admiral Perry and U.S. Navy visit Japan
July 14: 1st U.S. World's fair opens, Crystal Palace New York
July 14: Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
July 18: Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal


August 8: Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
August 24: 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs New York)


September 6: Women's Right's Convention met (New York City)
September 11: 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
September 15: 1st U.S. woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
September 24: 1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
September 24: France annexes Caledonia
September 24: Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
September 29: Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348


October 2: Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
October 12: John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
October 19: 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
October 23: Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens


November 9: Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
November 17: Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
November 28: Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory


December 30: Gadsden Purchase 45,000 mi (120,000 km) by Gila River from Mexico for $10 million, area is now southern Arizona and New Mexico
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