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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1851 AD

January

January 1: City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
January 15: GGeneralen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
January 25: Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)
January 28: Northwestern University in Chicago chartered
January 31: Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
January 31: SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded

February

February 6: Robert Schumann's 3rd Symphony "Rhenisch," premieres in Dusseldorf
February 11: 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania vs. Vic, Launceston
February 15: Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave

March

March 3: Congress authorizes smallest U.S. silver coin (3 cent piece)
March 6: Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze," premieres in London
March 7: Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
March 11: Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto," premieres in Venice
March 21: Yosemite Valley discovered in California

April

April 15: Earl G. Andrassy sentenced to death in Hungary
April 23: Canada issues its 1st postage stamps

May

May 1: Great Exhibition opens in Chrystal Palace London
May 3: Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
May 4: 1st major San Francisco fire
May 6: Dr. John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
May 6: Linus Yale patents Yale-lock
May 6: San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
May 15: Rama IV, Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua, king of Thailand 1851 - 1868, crowned
May 18: Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
May 28: Sojourner Truth attends Women's Rights Convention

June

June 2: 1st U.S. alcohol prohibition law enacted, Maine
June 3: 1st baseball uniforms worn, New York Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt and blue long trousers
June 15: Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
June 22: Fire destroys part of San Francisco

July

July 13: John F. Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
July 23: Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and U.S.
July 24: Window tax abolished in Britain
July 28: Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph

August

August 12: 1st America's Cup-U.S. schooner America beats British yacht Aurora
August 12: Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
August 22: Gold fields discovered in Australia
August 22: Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)

September

September 18: New York Times starts publishing at 2 cents a copy

October

October 1: 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
October 24: William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
October 30: Alfred de Mussets "Bettine," premieres in Paris

November

November 2: Louis Napoleon takes power in France
November 11: Alvan Clark patents telescope
November 13: 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands and Orange"
November 13: Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
November 14: "Moby Dick," by Herman Melville, published
November 22: Opera "La Perle Du Bresil" is produced (Paris)

December

December 4: President Louis Napolean Boaparte forces crush a coup d'etat in France
December 9: 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
December 24: Fire devastates Library of Congress in Wash, destroys 35,000 volumes
December 24: U.S. Library of Congress catches fire; 35,000 books burn
December 29: 1st Young Men's Christian Association chapter opened (Boston)
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