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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1850 AD


January 5: California Exchange opens
January 18: British blockade Piraeus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims
January 20: Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
January 22: Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
January 26: 1st German-language daily newspaper in U.S. published, New York City
January 29: Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to U.S. Senate


February 5: Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, New York
February 12: Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
February 18: California Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties


March 7: Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
March 11: Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
March 12: 1st U.S. $20 gold piece issued
March 16: Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Scarlet Letter" published
March 18: Henry Wells and William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
March 29: Ireland's SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
March 31: U.S. population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))


April 1: San Francisco County Government established
April 4: City of Los Angeles incorporated
April 15: City of San Francisco incorporated
April 25: Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices


May 1: John Geary becomes 1st San Francisco mayor
May 11: Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
May 27: Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois destroyed by tornado


June 4: Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
June 4: Self deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
June 6: Levi Strauss made his 1st blue jeans
June 10: Millard Fillmore sworn-in as president of U.S. (replacing Taylor)
June 14: Fire destroys part of San Francisco
June 17: Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio, 206 die
June 19: Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina
June 29: British ex-premier sir Robert Peel falls off his horse


July 1: At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
July 2: Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
July 7: Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
July 10: Vice President Fillmore becomes President following Zachary Taylor's death
July 12: Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
July 14: 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
July 15: John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North vs. South at Lord's
July 17: Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star, Vega
July 19: Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
July 23: 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of New York takes office
July 25: Gold discovered in Oregon, Rogue River


August 23: 1st national women's rights convention convenes in Worcester Mass
August 28: Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar Germany
August 30: Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city


September 9: California becomes 31st state
September 9: Territories of New Mexico and Utah created
September 11: "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st U.S. concert
September 17: Great fire in San Francisco
September 18: Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
September 20: Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
September 24: Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
September 28: U.S. Navy abolishes flogging as punishment


October 12: 1st women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
October 17: Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized


November 6: 1st Hawaiian fire engine
November 6: Yerba Buena and Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use
November 19: Lord Tennyson becomes British poet laureate


December 20: Hawaiian post office established
December 27: Hawaiian Fire Department established
December 28: Rangoon Burma, destroyed by fire
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