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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1849 AD


January 13: Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
January 23: Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
January 23: Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
January 31: Corn Laws abolished in Britain


February 4: University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
February 9: Roman Republic declared
February 18: 1st regular steamboat service to California starts
February 28: 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in San Francisco from east coast


March 3: Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
March 3: Home Department (Interior Department), forms
March 3: Minnesota Territory is organizes
March 3: Territory of Minnesota organizes
March 3: U.S. Department of the Interior established by Congress
March 4: U.S. had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Senator David Atchison (President pro tem) term ended March 3rd
March 5: Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th president
March 9: Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor," premieres
March 10: Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only U.S. president to do so
March 12: 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
March 23: Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
March 27: Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
March 28: Dutch princess Marianne and Prince Albert of Prussia separate
March 29: Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
March 31: Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF


April 6: Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le Prophete," premieres in Paris
April 10: Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (New York City); sold rights for $100
April 13: Hungarian Republic proclaimed
April 16: Opera "Il Profeta," premieres in Paris


May 10: Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in New York City (22 killed)
May 12: Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
May 15: Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
May 17: Fire destroy Centrum in St. Louis Missouri
May 22: Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
May 28: Princess WFLC Marianne and Albrecht of Prussia separate
May 29: Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and of people some of time, but you can't fool all of the people all of time"
May 29: Patent for lifting vessels granted to Abraham Lincoln
May 31: Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"


June 5: Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
June 12: Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett, Louisville, Kentucky
June 21: Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
June 22: Stephen C. Massett opens courthouse using only piano in California


July 2: Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
July 8: St. Paul's Place in the Bronx named
July 20: Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
July 28: Memmon is 1st clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of New York
July 31: Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon


August 9: Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria and Russia
August 19: New York Herald reports gold discovery in California
August 28: Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, after been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence


September 1: California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
September 3: California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
September 10: 1st performance by U.S. actor Edwin Booth (Richard III)
September 13: 1st U.S. prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
September 18: De Kempenaer's Dutch government resigns
September 29: 1st passenger train service to Peekskill New York (New Haven Railroad)


October 16: Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
October 16: British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
October 19: Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in U.S. to receive medical degree


November 1: Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
November 13: Peter Burnett elected 1st governor of California
November 15: 1st U.S. poultry show opens in Boston
November 21: Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin," premieres in Vienna


December 6: Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland
December 8: Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller," premieres in Naples
December 14: 1st chamber music group in U.S. gives their 1st concert (Boston)
December 18: William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope
December 21: 1st U.S. skating club formed in Philadelphia
December 28: M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine and oil on his clothing and sees cleaning effect
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