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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1848 AD


January 1: Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
January 8: Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
January 9: 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
January 9: People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
January 24: James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
January 28: King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
January 29: Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)


February 2: 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
February 2: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; U.S. acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
February 12: Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
February 14: James K. Polk became 1st President photographed in office by Matthew Brady
February 15: Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
February 17: Toscane gets liberal Constitution
February 24: King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
February 26: 2nd French Republic proclaimed
February 26: Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
February 29: Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland


March 4: Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
March 7: In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
March 12: 2nd republic established in France
March 20: King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
March 24: State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
March 27: John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
March 29: Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam


April 3: Thomas Douglas becomes 1st San Francisco public teacher
April 6: Jews of Prussia granted equality
April 8: 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
April 8: Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
April 11: Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Austria
April 28: Free last slaves in French colonies


May 6: Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7: Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 17: Premier earl Schimmelpenninck resigns
May 19: 1st department store opens
May 19: Mexico gives Texas to U.S., ending the war
May 29: Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29: Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30: 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30: Mexico ratifies treaty giving U.S.; New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Colorado in return for $15 million
May 30: William G. Young patents ice cream freezer


June 5: Statue of prince Willem the Silent unveiled
June 10: 1st telegraph link between New York City and Chicago
June 10: Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
June 19: Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott open 1st women's rights convention
June 22: Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for president
June 23: Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
June 23: Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
June 26: 1st pure food law enacted in U.S.


July 3: Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands)
July 6: Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
July 11: Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent vs. England)
July 11: London's Waterloo Station opens
July 19: 1st U.S. women's rights convention (Seneca Falls New York)
July 19: German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
July 23: Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
July 25: 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
July 26: 1st Woman's Rights Convention, Senecca Falls, New York


August 9: Austria and Sardinia sign cease fire
August 9: Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominateing Martin Van Buren for president
August 14: Oregon Territory created
August 15: M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair


September 6: National Black Convention meets (Cleveland)
September 14: Alexander Stewart opens 1st U.S. department store
September 16: Slavery abolished in all French territories
September 18: Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
September 19: Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (U.S.) and Lassell (England)


October 16: 1st U.S. homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania


November 1: 1st U.S. woman's medical school opens (Boston)
November 3: Johan Thorbeckes revises Great Force
November 7: General Zachary Taylor elected as president of US
November 9: Post office at Clay and Pike opens
November 21: Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto," premieres in Paris
November 21: Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
November 23: Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston


December 2: Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria and King of Hungary
December 5: President Polk triggers Gold Rush of '49, confirms California gold discovery
December 25: New Haven Railroad opens
December 26: 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
December 26: William and Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
December 29: Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)
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