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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1846 AD


January 1: Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
January 21: 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"
January 28: Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)


February 1: Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
February 4: Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west
February 5: "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
February 10: Beginning of Mormon march to west US
February 10: British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
February 16: Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
February 19: Texas state government formally installed in Austin
February 20: British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
February 21: 1st U.S. woman telegrapher, Sarah G. Bagley, Lowell, Mass
February 23: Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated


March 13: Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena," premieres in Konigsberg


May 1: Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
May 3: Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
May 4: U.S. state Michigan ends death penalty
May 8: 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto Texas
May 9: Battle of Resaca de la Palma-U.S. sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
May 13: U.S. declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
May 17: Saxophone is patents by Antoine Joseph Sax
May 18: U.S. troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
May 21: 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii
May 24: General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War


June 5: Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Balt
June 8: Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
June 10: Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tire
June 14: Belgian Liberal Party forms
June 14: California declares independence from Mexico in Sonoma
June 15: Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49 degrees N
June 19: 1st baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
June 24: Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished


July 7: U.S. annexs California
July 9: Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena, San Francisco, for U.S.
July 21: Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)


August 5: Oregon country divided between U.S. and Britain at 49th parallel
August 10: Congress charters "nation's attic," Smithsonian Institution
August 14: Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
August 16: Gioacchino Rossini marries Olympe Pelissier in Paris
August 17: U.S. fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California
August 18: General Stephen W Kearney's U.S. forces captures Santa Fe, New Mexico
August 22: U.S. annexes New Mexico
August 26: Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah," premieres
August 26: W A Bartlett appointed 1st U.S. mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)


September 10: Elias Howe patents sewing machine
September 10: Japan invents the rickshaw
September 15: Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
September 18: Elizabeth Barrett and R Browning exchange last letters before eloping
September 19: Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elopes
September 23: Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
September 25: U.S. troops under General Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
September 30: Anesthetic ether used for 1st time (Dr. Wm Morton extracts a tooth)


October 10: Alexis the Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
October 10: Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
October 15: Dr. William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
October 16: Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
October 28: Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
October 31: Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp


November 4: Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
November 5: Robert Schumann's 2nd Symphony in C, premieres


December 5: C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
December 6: Opera "La Damnation de Faust" is produced (Paris)
December 8: Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust," premieres
December 28: Iowa becomes 29th state
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