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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1843 AD


January 2: Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Hollander" premieres, Dresden
January 4: Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale," premieres in Paris
January 4: Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens


February 2: U.S. and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
February 11: Opera "I Lombardi," premieres in Milan


March 3: Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
March 7: 1st Catholic governor in U.S., Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
March 14: Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
March 21: Preacher William Miller of Mass predicts the world will end today


May 4: Great Britain annexes Natal
May 18: United Free Church of Scotland forms
May 22: 1st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon


June 1: It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
June 1: Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
June 24: Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy
June 26: Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony


July 2: An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston South Carolina thunderstorm
July 5: Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
July 12: Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy


August 8: Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
August 15: National black convention meets (Buffalo New York)
August 15: Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
August 26: Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
August 30: 1st blacks participation in national political convention (Liberty Party)
August 31: Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate


October 13: B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
October 14: British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
October 20: 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname


November 13: Mount Rainier in Washington State erupts
November 27: Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)


December 1: 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
December 4: Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented, Mass
December 4: Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri," premieres in Leipzig
December 6: Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
December 13: "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
December 19: Charles Dickens publishes "A Christmas Carol," in England
December 25: 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, New York City)
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