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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1837 AD


January 22: Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
January 26: Michigan admitted as 26th U.S. state


February 8: 1st Vice President chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
February 11: American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
February 13: Riot in New York over high price of flour
February 25: 1st U.S. electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport


March 3: Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
March 3: U.S. president Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
March 4: City of Chicago incorporates
March 4: Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president
March 4: Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
March 24: Canada gives blacks the right to vote
March 28: Felix Mendelssohn marries Cecile Jeanrenaud


April 19: Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth


May 9: "Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
May 31: Astor Hotel opens in New York City, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria


June 13: 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
June 17: Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent
June 18: Spain gets new Constitution
June 20: England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
June 20: Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901


July 13: Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
July 27: U.S. Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina


August 5: 1st ascent of Mount Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, New York
August 28: Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufactures Worcester Sauce


September 6: Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
September 21: Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry and china stores


October 1: "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
October 1: Treaty with Winnebago Indians
October 9: Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke North Carolina killing 100
October 31: Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die


November 8: Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st U.S. college founded for women
November 15: Isaac Pitman introduces his steno system
November 19: Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
November 21: Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times


December 5: Hector Berlioz' "Requiem," premieres
December 5: Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
December 25: Battle of Okeechobee-U.S. forces defeat Seminole Indians
December 29: Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a U.S. steamboat docked at Buffalo
December 29: Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine
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