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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1834 AD


January 1: German Tolunie goes into effect
January 5: Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell
January 9: HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrive in Port San Julian, Patagonia
January 29: President Jackson orders 1st use of U.S. troops to suppress a labor dispute


February 18: 1st U.S. labor newspaper, "The Man," published, New York City
February 26: 1st U.S. interstate crime compact (New York - New Jersey) ratified


March 6: Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
March 16: HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
March 18: 1st railroad tunnel in U.S. completed, in Pennsylvania (275 m long)
March 28: Senate censure President Jackson for taking federal deposits from Bank of U.S.


April 13: HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
April 18: Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
April 29: Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia


May 1: Belgian parliament accept railway laws
May 4: Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean
May 5: Charles Darwin's expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz
May 8: Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the Beagle
May 8: Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
May 26: Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates


June 1: HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
June 2: 5th national black convention meet, New York City
June 8: HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
June 10: HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin sails Pacific Ocean
June 14: Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
June 14: Isaac Fischer, Jr. patents sandpaper
June 14: Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer, Jr., Springfield, Vermont
June 15: Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
June 21: Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine
June 25: Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
June 30: Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)


July 5: Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
July 23: HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso


August 1: Slavery abolished through out the British Empire
August 16: Charles Darwin climbs Mount Campana in Chile
August 17: Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana, Chile
August 18: Mount Vesuvius erupts


September 14: Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
September 27: Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso


October 4: Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben," premieres in Vienna
October 14: 1st black to obtain a U.S. patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
October 16: London parliament catches fire; historic documents burn


November 1: 1st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
November 10: HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails from Valparaiso
November 14: William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 years 4 months
November 21: HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
November 23: Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy," premieres
November 25: Delmonico's, one of New York's finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee and half a pie for 12 cents


December 3: 1st U.S. dental society organized (NY)
December 23: Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
December 25: Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
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