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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1831 AD

January

January 1: William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
January 2: Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
January 3: 1st U.S. building and loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
January 15: 1st U.S. railroad honeymoon trip, Mr. and Mrs. Pierson, Charleston, SC
January 15: 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
January 22: Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam

February

February 5: Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
February 7: Belgium adopts it's Constitution
February 19: 1st practical U.S. coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Pennsylvania
February 20: Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow

March

March 2: John Frazee becomes 1st U.S. sculptor to receive a federal commission
March 6: Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula," premieres in Milan
March 6: Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point military academy
March 6: Vincenzo Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula," premieres in Milan
March 19: 1st U.S. bank robbery (City Bank, New York/$245,000)
March 31: Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
March 31: Quebec and Montreal incorporated

April

April 7: Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
April 9: Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain

June

June 4: National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
June 6: 2nd national black convention, Philadelphia

July

July 1: Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
July 21: Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king

August

August 1: London Bridge opens to traffic
August 2: Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
August 8: Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgian Army
August 9: 1st U.S. steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, New York)
August 10: Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery
August 10: Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
August 12: Dutch troops conquer Leuven
August 12: Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
August 13: Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
August 24: John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
August 29: Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
August 30: Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle

September

September 1: Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
September 11: Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth
September 26: Robert Montgomery Bird's "Gladiator," premieres in New York City

October

October 17: Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres

November

November 7: State Gran Colombia disbands
November 22: Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)

December

December 1: Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
December 5: Former President John Quincy Adams takes his seat as member of House of Representatives
December 10: "Spirit of the Times" begins publishing (weekly horse racing sheet)
December 25: Louisiana and Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday
December 26: Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma," premieres in Milan
December 27: Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle
December 27: HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin depart England for South America
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