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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1818 AD

January

January 1: Official reopening of the White House
January 2: Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
January 21: Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
January 30: Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"

February

February 7: 1st successful U.S. educational magazine "Academician," begins (New York City)
February 12: Chile gains independence from Spain
February 17: Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)

March

March 18: Congress approves 1st pensions for government service

April

April 4: Congress decided U.S. flag is 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars
April 7: General Andrew Jackson conquers St. Marks Florida from Seminole indians
April 14: U.S. Medical Corp forms
April 16: Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
April 21: Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho," premieres in Vienna
April 28: Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

May

May 4: Netherlands and England sign treaty against illegal slave handling
May 11: Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 6-0
May 24: General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
May 28: 1st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched

June

June 3: Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends
June 10: Pesaro opera theater opens with Rossini's "La gaza ladra"

July

July 11: Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born," "Lines Written in the Highlands," and "Gadfly"

August

August 22: Grand duchy of Bathe forms

September

September 30: Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France and England

October

October 8: 2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
October 9: Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
October 19: U.S. and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
October 20: 49th parallel forms as border between U.S. and Canada
October 20: U.S. and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
October 24: Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)

November

November 21: Russia's Czar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine

December

December 3: Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
December 24: Franz Xaver Gruber composes "Silent Night"
December 24: "Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
December 25: 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria)
December 25: Handel's Messiah, U.S. premieres in Boston
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