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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1813 AD

January

January 11: 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
January 14: Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in U.S. (NY)
January 21: Pineapple introduced to Hawaii
January 22: Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada

February

February 23: 1st U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
February 27: 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
February 27: Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail

March

March 3: Office of surgeon general of the U.S. Army forms
March 8: 1st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
March 18: David Melville, Newport, Rhode Island, patents apparatus for making coal gas
March 25: 1st U.S. flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex

April

April 27: Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
April 29: Rubber is patented

May

May 27: Americans capture Ft. George, Canada

June

June 1: Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
June 6: U.S. invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek
June 24: Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat U.S. forces

July

July 31: British invade Plattsburgh, New York

August

August 14: British warship Pelican attacks and captures U.S. war brigantine Argus
August 23: Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
August 27: Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians

September

September 4: 1st U.S. relig newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
September 7: "Uncle Sam" was 1st used to refer to U.S. (Troy Post of New York)
September 10: Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie

October

October 5: Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
October 8: Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
October 16: Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs Prussia, Austria and Russia)
October 20: German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished

November

November 2: Treaty of Fulda
November 3: U.S. troops under General Coffee destroy indian village at Talladega Ala
November 6: Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
November 11: Dresden surrenders to allied armies
November 12: Allied troops occupy Zwolle, Netherlands
November 15: Allied troops occupies Groningen
November 15: Tax revolt in Amsterdam
November 21: Stettin surrenders to allied armies
November 28: Kosacks occupy Utrecht
November 29: Elias Canneman (Lib) becomes minister of Finance
November 30: Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands

December

December 2: Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
December 5: Lubeck surrenders to allied armies
December 8: Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres
December 18: British take Ft. Niagara in War of 1812
December 26: Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
December 29: British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
December 30: Danzig surrenders to allied armies
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